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3. British North America -- Part 6
Charles Town was able to preserve one important alliance with the Cherokee.
The only remaining threat was roaming Yamasee bands from Spanish Florida.
Most Indian villages resumed trading after returning to terms with Carolina.
The lucrative trade in Indian slaves, which had consumed fifty thousand souls in five decades, dwindled after the war.
The colonies imported Africans to work on new rice plantations in order to make more money.
The birth of the Old South was caused by the expanse of plantations that created untold wealth and misery.
Indians kept the strongest militaries in the region, but never threatened the survival of English colonies.
Pennsylvania would be a good place for peace with Indians to continue.
William Penn created a religious imperative for the peaceful treatment of Indians at the colony's founding.
Penn demanded that his colonists obtain Indian territories through purchase rather than violence, even though he never doubted that the English would appropriate Native lands.
Increased immigration and land speculation increased the demand for land in Pennsylvania.
Fraudulent methods of negotiation became more prominent.
The Walking Purchase of 1737 was an example of the colonists' desire for cheap land and the changing relationship between Pennsylvanians and their Native neighbors.
In 1737, Native Delaware leaders agreed to sell Pennsylvania all of the land that a man could walk in a day and a half, a measurement used by Delawares in evaluating distances.
John and Thomas Penn, along with the land speculator and friend of the Penns James Logan, hired a team of skilled runners to complete the "walk" on a prepared trail.
The runners traveled from Wrightstown to the present-day town of Jim Thorpe, and proprietary officials drew a new boundary line northeast to the Delaware River.
The Delaware had intended to sell a tract of land, but it was measured out by the colonial government.
Delaware-proprietary relations suffered.
Delaware left the lands in question to join other Delaware already living in the Ohio Valley.
They established trade relationships with the French.
During the upcoming Seven Years' War, the Pennsylvanian government and the Delaware fought over the memories of the suspect purchase.
Britain's North American colonies were created in the 17th century.
Colonists fought against hostile natives and unforgiving climates for a century.
They used ruthless expressions of power.
Colonists conquered Native Americans, attacked European rivals, and joined a lucrative transatlantic economy.
After surviving a century of desperation and war, British North American colonists created societies with unique religious cultures, economic ties and political traditions.
The entire Atlantic World would be shaped by these societies.
The chapter was edited by Daniel Johnson.
There are notes to ch A p ter 3.
The estimated number of Africans carried across the Atlantic was 9 million.
Joseph E. Inikori estimated 15 million, and Patrick Manning estimated 12 million.
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