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ChAPTER 25 -- Part 3: The Rise of Russia
State control over the church was resumed by his policies.
Russians who were exiled to Siberia or southern Russia refused to accept the activities of the church.
Serf runaways were punished harshly.
The great serf southern Russia was put down by Russian colonization in 1670 after they revolted against landlord control.
The standards of the West and the great Asian civilizations were the focus of westernization.
Peter's predecessors' policies were extended to large segments of the Russian population.
He wanted to change certain aspects of the Russian economy and culture by imitating Western forms.
Peter wanted to further tsarist power and enhance Rus sia's military strength.
The wars with Sweden convinced him that new departures were necessary.
Peter the Great was a great leader.
Peter was a 6 feet 8 inches tall and ruled from 1689 to 1725 without making his country fully Western.
He found little enthusiasm for the crusade against Turkish power.
He brought a lot of culture and scores to Russia with the help of Western artisans.
Peter the Great only allowed his country one year of peace.
He changed the form of his government for the rest of the reign.
He established hisWindow on the West on the southern shores of the Baltic Sea, where he founded the new city of St. Petersburg.
Peter was an autocrat in politics.
He put down revolts against his rule and executed some of the ringleaders.
He seized on the currents in the West at this time, ignoring the parliamentary features of Western centers such as Holland.
Peter used the Russian state as a reform force to show that the state could change the habits of the wealthy.
Peter extended an earlier policy of giving bureaucrats noble titles to reward their service to bureaucratic service.
The state was freed from its dependence on officials from the aristocracy.
Peter created a fighting force that could put down militias.
He set up a secret police to monitor the bureaucracy.
He went far beyond the bureaucratic control impulses of the Western world at that time.
Peter's Chancery of Secret Police was re-established after 1917 by a revolu tionary regime that worked to undermine key features of the tsarist system.
Peter's foreign policy had many well-established lines.
He did not win many victories when he attacked the Ottoman empire.
Russia had a port on the sea.
Russia became a major factor in European military and diplomatic alignments.
The tsar moved his capital from Moscow to a new city in the Baltics.
Peter focused on improvements in political organization, economic and cultural change.
He tried to simplify Russia's bureaucracy by using Western principles.
He developed specialized bureaucratic departments while creating a more well-defined military hierarchy.
He improved the army's weaponry and created the first Russian navy.
The old noble councils were completely eliminated by him.
Peter's ministers revised the tax system with taxes on ordinary Russian peasants increasing steadily.
One way to bring talented non-nobles into the system is by establishing new training institutes.
Peter's economic efforts focused on building up mining and metallurgy industries, using Rus sia's iron holdings to feed state-run facilities.
Peter's reforms changed the Russian economy without developing a large commercial class.
Serf labor was used to staff new manufacturing operations.
Russia's internal economic means allowed it to maintain a large military presence for almost two centuries.
The first freeholders must be taught mathematics and geometry.
The document showed a distinct Russian of His Imperial Majesty.
Fees should not be collected from traditions.
When they have mastered the material, they should not put it into practice, and the document should be written in their own handwriting.
When Russia's rulers are released after being banned as traitors by Catherine's successor, the students need to pay one ruble each for fear of Western influence.
They shouldn't be allowed to marry or receive marriage certificates if they don't have these certificates.
Russia is a European state.
The Alterations which Peter the Great undertook, as a penalty for evasion, establish a rule that no one will in Russia succeeded with the greater ease.
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