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21 -- Part 1: Continuity and Change in East Asia
The four centuries from 1400 to 1800 were a time of growth and change in East Asia.
Both China and Japan ended up with expanded territories after the war.
The age of exploration brought New World crops to the region, leading to increased agricultural output and population growth.
Foreign trade and new religions were brought about by it.
The Japanese invasions of Korea in the late 16th century led to war between China and Japan.
The end of the Mongol rule was brought about by the native Ming Dynasty.
China saw agricultural reconstruction during the Tokugawa Shogunate, as well as urban entertainment.
The non- Chinese fans of a Kabuki actor who specialized in performing female Manchus founded the Qing Dynasty in the 16th century.
The Bridgeman Art Library is comparable to the other multiethnic empires of the early modern world, such as the Ottoman, Russian, and Habsburg Empires.
Civil war began in the Japanese islands in the 15th century.
Hideyoshi was the supreme ruler at the end of the 16th century.
Tokugawa Ieyasu seized power after his death.
Japan restricted contact with the outside world and social mobility under the Tokugawa Shogunate.
As agricultural productivity increased, Japan flourished.
The rise of Taizu to the position of emperor begins the story of how the state and society developed.
He was one of the most brutal emperors in Chinese history.
Peace brought prosperity and a lively urban culture.
By the beginning of the 17th century, the government was beset by fis cal, military, and political problems.
His father, oldest brother and wife all died when he was sixteen years old.
With no relatives to turn to, he asked a monastery to accept him as a novice.
The monastery was a part of urban culture.
He spent three or four years in central China.
The Red Turbans rose in revolt against the government a few years later.
The Red Turbans defeated the Mongol cavalry.
When the temple where he was living was burned down, he joined the rebels and rose quickly.
The generals developed into bril iant generals as they defeated one rival after another.
In 1356, he took the city of Nanjing and made it his base.
In 1368, his armies took Beijing, and he declared himself emperor of the Bright Dynasty.
He was known as Taizu as the emperor.
Taizu wanted to help the poor.
He ordered the registration of cultivated land and popu lation so that the burdens of government taxes and compulsory labor could be assessed more fairly.
He tried persuasion as well.
He was sued for instructions to be read aloud to vilify agers, to live in harmony with their neighbors, and to refrain from evil.
Taizu retained some Yuan practices despite being anti-Mongol.
The administrative layer between the central government and the pre fectures was set up in provinces.
Both military and artisan households had hereditary service obligations.
All military households had to provide a soldier at all times, even if they were injured, died, or deserted.
Taizu humiliated men of education in court and even had them beaten.
It is most likely that he suffered from a mental illness because of his erratic behavior.
Taizu made literary men turn down appointments if they wanted to stay in office.
After the death of the empress, no one could calm him.
Ming China, ca.
In 1380 Taizu concluded that his chancellor was going to assassinate him and thousands were executed.
There are naval expeditions of departments and ministries.
Yongle emperor was also a military man.
There is increased availability of books.
Chengzu used terror general audiences in China to keep government officials in line.
Beijing was a planned city during the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan.
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