Civics Acronyms -- Verbal-Linguistic Memory Tools Summary
Far-East and Middle-East Asians, and LatinoS
(Ex: “Asians” includes Japanese, Chinese, South Koreans, Israelis, Indians, Pakistanis, etc.)
Our friend Fred Sog -- Family, Religious, EDucational, SOcial organizations, Governmental
An immigrant named Mr. “DRATO” -- Declaration of Intent, Residency (5 yrs; 3 yrs. if married to U.S.
citizen; incl. study in English, U.S. history, civics), Application for citizenship, Test (in English; incl.
English interview), Oath of Allegiance in a formal ceremony.
CASE -- Canvassing (door-to-door or by phone/mail), Advertising, Spending money in many other
ways, and getting Endorsements (support from famous people or organizations)
Obey laws, Pay taxes, Attend school, Defend nation, Serve in court (jury or witness).
OR O, LAST, CSC! -- Obey Laws, Attend School, Taxes paid, Court service (jury or witness), Serve
Country in the draft, if called.
BE informed, Speak Up and Vote, REspect/Tolerate the diversity and
rights of others, CONtribute to the common good (Ex: volunteering, giving to charity).
Supreme Court, Appeals Courts (13), District Courts (94)
Complaint, Summons, Answer, Pleadings/discovery docs, Settlement or Trial, Verdict
Arrest, Preliminary Hearing, Indictment, Arraignment, Trial, Acquittal or Conviction,
Sentencing (pronounced “ah-FEE-ah-tahs”)
Arrest, Hearing (before juvenile judge), Sentencing; (Note: in RP and many other places, there are several steps in between the “Arrest” and “Hearing” phases to help juveniles avoid a juvenile court judge -- station house, juvenile conference committee, probation officer,legal referee)