British colonists suffered a physical and spiritual toll from warfare.
British towns are located on the Virginia border.
Library between New England and New France was raided frequently.
ColonIAl SoCIeTy 99 took captives and burned crops.
Some of the captives were taken to French Quebec, where they were held captive and later converted to Catholicism.
Catholicism was threatening to capture Protestant lands and souls.
Britain and France had disagreements over the boundaries of their empires.
In 1754 a force of British colonists and Native American allies led by George Washington killed a French diplomat.
The Seven Years' War was the French and Indian War.
Fort William Henry was burned in 1757.
These victories were often the result of alliances.
The war in Europe began in 1756 when Frederick II of Prussia invaded the neutral state of Saxony.
Prussia was attacked by a coalition of France, Austria, Russia, and Sweden.
The province of Silesia was lost to Prussia in a previous war and Maria Theresa wanted to take it back.
In the European war, the British supported the states of Prussia and the western German states of Hesse-Kassel and Braunschweig- Wolfenbuttel.
The smaller German states were able to fight France because of the subsidy payments.
The early part of the war was against the British.
After the Battle of Hastenbeck in 1757, the French defeated Britain's German allies.
Frederick of Prussia defeated the French in the Battle of Rossbach, while the Austrians defeated the Prussians in the Battle of Kolin.
The British were able to rejoin the war in Europe.
In December 1757, Frederick's army defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Leuthen, regaining the province of Silesia.
The British defeated the French in India and throughout the world's oceans.
The French were defeated at the Battle of Plassey by Robert Clive and his Indian allies.
The British could send more troops to North America if the sea was firmly in their control.
The British were able to launch new offen sives because of the newly arrived soldiers.
The British took over the French port and fortress of Louisbourg in 1758.
James Wolfe defeated Louis-Joseph de Montcalm in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
In Europe, in 1759, the British defeated the French at the Battle of Minden and destroyed their fleet.
The fall of French Canada was brought about by these victories, and the war in North America ended with the British capture of Montreal.
The Spanish entered the war in 1762.
The Spanish were unable to prevent the conquest of Cuba and the Philippines in this war.
The peace treaties of Paris and Hu bertusburg ended the Seven Years' War.
The British received a lot of Canada and North America from the French.
Tensions that would lead to revolution were caused by the British having a larger empire than they could control.
Language, national affiliation, and religious views were exposed as a result of it.
Both will be roasted in the fire when the Antichrist sinks.
After the defeat of Catholic France, American colonists were reassured that the Catholics in Quebec could not threaten them.
Since the 17th century, some American colonies have been sanctuaries for religious minorities.
Catholic Maryland showed early religious pluralism.
Practical toleration of Catholics existed alongside anti-Catholicism.
The rhetorical tool was a result of warfare between Britain and France.
Because of the constant conflict with Catholic France, Britons on either side of the Atlantic rallied around Protestantism.
The British called for a coalition to fight the French and Catholics.
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel were founded at the turn of the 18th century to evangelize Native Americans and limit Jesuit conversions.
During the 1740s and 1730s, British Protestant churches came together after the Protestant revivals of the so-called Great Awakening.
Greater Atlantic trade was urged to bind the Protestant Atlantic through commerce and religion.
Neolin, a prophet, received a vision from the main deity of his religion, known as the Master of Life.
The Master of Life told Neolin that the only way to enter heaven was to expel the British from India.
The Whites are allowed on your lands.
Make war on them.
A return to traditional rituals, alcohol, and pan-Indian unity to his disciples are some of the things he has done.
The beginning of what would become known as Pontiac's War was sparked by Neolin's words.
The pan-Indian uprising included Native peoples from the territory between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River.
The development of the war was influenced by the actions of Pontiac, who did not command all of the Indians.
The British fort of Fort Detroit was besieged for six months in 1763 after the Indian warriors tried to take it.
More attacks on British forts and settlers followed the news of the siege.
In May, Native Americans captured several forts.
In June, a coalition ofOttawas and Ojibwes captured Fort Michilimackinac by staging a game of stickball outside the fort.
Almost half of the fort's British soldiers were killed when they chased the ball into the fort and gathered the arms that had been smuggled in by a group of Native American women.
The Indians were responding to Neolin's religious message, but there were many other reasons to fight the British.
The French were involved in the Indian practice of diplomatic gift giving.
The trade or sale of firearms to Indians was discouraged by the British.
Most Native Americans saw this as preparation for war.
The war ended in 1766.
The Indian war effort was undermined by disease and a shortage of supplies, and in July 1766 the British official and diplomat William Johnson met with the Native American leader and settled for peace.
The western Indians succeeded in changing the British government's Indian policy despite not winning the war.
The war made British officials realize that peace in the West would require royal protection of Indian lands and heavy-handed regulation of Anglo-American trade activity in Indian country.
The British Crown created a line between Indian country and the British colonies with the help of the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which was issued during the war.