The end of western civilization was felt in the late 1970s.
The Reagan people did a good job of keeping us mobilized and motivated after the Reagan years, and all of us young Reaganites felt that.
He became an editorial writer at the Wall Street Journal after graduating from law school.
He got his first taste of running counter to party orthodoxy when he looked at the criticism of U.S. economic trends that it had benefited the wealthiest Americans but had left the least wealthy falling farther behind.
Dead Right was his first book and was about the successes and limits of the Reagan Revolution.
If you try to run it like a parliamentary system, you will wreck it.
The government has a lot of power.
The job of the other side is to make you look bad, but they can't interfere with the work of the government.
There isn't a veto, there isn't a filibuster, and the government governs.
When the other side tries to bring them down, they usually succeed, and at that point you have rapid changes of power.
The American system seems to work best with a high degree of consensus, as the ability to sabotage is very great in the congressional system.
It's not that partisanship is bad in Britain.
The government in Britain would be too strong if it weren't for intense partisanship.
Don't put yourself in a closed information system.
Information is so abundant that it takes a lot of effort to stay out of contact with it.
According to political science, people are working harder to avoid getting in contact with information.
The party chairs are important in recruiting candidates, raising money, and managing internal party politics.
There are significant differences between the platforms and policy agendas of the two major parties.
The question is whether the parties implement their policies.
Parties do fairly well.
The first hundred days of the New Deal were an example of a party fulfilling its campaign promises.
Franklin Roosevelt and the congressional Democrats were elected on a platform that called for an activist national government.
Congress passed legislation to regulate the economy and banking industry under Roosevelt's leadership.
The Social Security Act was passed in 1935 after the Democrats retained control of Congress.
The signature issues of recent presidents have been passed.
Important examples include Bush's tax cuts and the No Child Left Behind Act.
The direction of national policy was changed.
When the president's party loses control of Congress, presidential success typically plummets, as we saw in Chapter 8, because of the greater competitiveness of the parties in the current era.
This was the case for Presidents Bush, Clinton, and Obama after the elections that resulted in a divided government.
The ability of a party to accomplish its stated agenda is very important for voter accountability.
As the party in power promotes its policy agenda and ideas for how government should solve problems, it gives voters an opportunity to hold the party responsible for its successes or failures.
The persistence of the Depression convinced voters that the GOP policies had failed and they replaced them with the Democrats.
After seeing Democrats implement the New Deal in 1933 and 1934, the voters cast their ballots to keep Roosevelt and his party in power, thus rewarding the party for its efforts to deal with the Great Depression.
It is more difficult for voters to know which party is accountable when there is a divided government.
It is hard to imagine any actors in American politics not having a stake in the activities of electioneering and governing.
The stakes are high for political parties.
They want control of the government.
They try to achieve these goals by using the rules they have created, as well as the electoral rules imposed by the state and federal governments.
To get elected to office and to build a reputation, candidates engage in candidate-centered campaigns with the assistance of the party organization and the party-in-the-electorate.
The election of other members of their party is encouraged by them.
To ensure that the causes they believe in are served, party activists want to gain and keep control of the party's agenda.
They hold elected officials accountable.
When government seems to grind to a halt, citizens get impatient, but they also value their limited government.
The policy efficiency and coherence that parties can create can break the gridlock, but this comes at the potential cost of a more powerful government.
The election of a divided government is almost inevitable.
Explain the ways in which citizens are connected to the government.