Islam spread widely from the legacy of the Ottoman Empire in a short period of time.
It provided Arab military campaigns as it expanded its geographical range a focus of Muslim political power within the region until it converted thousands to its beliefs.
Southwest Asia and North Africa are where the Byzantine Empire lost most of its territory.
Most of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by Spain by 750 ce, except for Israel, where Judaism dominates.
Regional cultural differences are caused by divisions within Islam Portugal and established footholds in the Central and South.
The region's recent conflicts are defined by the diverse inhabitants of Southwest Asia and North Africa Sunni-Shiite lines, although specific issues focus more on power, gradually were absorbed into the religion.
The region is dominated by Sunni Muslims who make up 73 percent of the population, while older religions such as Christianity but Shiites make up only 23 percent.
In Iraq, Islamic influences expanded Shiites in the southern part of the country between 1200 and 1500.
The Iberian Penin returned to Christianity in 1492 after the fall of Saddam Hussein.
In Lebanon, Yemen, and Egypt, ish (Islamic) cultural and architectural features remain large minorities, despite claims by Shiites that they have a majority.
Islam is the dominant religion in the region.
Christianity and Judaism are important in some places.
The nation had a small Christian population as recently as 1950, but since 1980, many radicalized Shiite groups.
Differences in birth rates and cultural tensions have created a nation that is 60 percent Muslim.
Christians and Muslims clash.
In Iran, for exam approximately 5 percent of Syria's population; Iraqi Chris ple, many younger, urban, and more affluent Muslims reject tians, concentrated mostly in the rugged northern uplands.
Sunni fundamentalism has been on the left for a long time across North Africa.
The growth of the Islamic State in Iraq, Syria, and other parts of the Middle East is a sign of the rise of Roman Catholicism.
After the Muslim conquest, more mainstream Sunnis made up the majority.
The region's population reject its more radical cultural Maghreb's Jewish population, but still argue for a more modern Islam that accommodates some Western values and traditions.
The region's Jews migrated to Israel.
While the Sunni-Shiite split is the Muslim world's Coptic community had a secure place in Egyptian society, great divide, other variations of Islam are also practiced in and numerous Copts held high-level posts in government.
The mystically inclined and business are separated by one division.
Extremist Islamic elements have attacked Sufism in the region, including in the Atlas Mountains and across northwestern Iran.
There has been a gradual decline in the number of Christians in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
About 14 percent of the region's population was purer form of Islamic doctrine, which is what the servative Sunnis believe to be an earlier version of Islamic doctrine.
The Druze of Lebanon do not practice Christian.
A smaller area of diverse, locally based animist is divided between Jewish fundamentalists and more reform religions in southern Sudan.
South Sudan has an important Muslim.
Jerusalem has a religious sig.
The historic center of Jerusalem has a varied religious legacy.
The core of the Old City is home to several sacred sites for Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
The Western Wall, a remnant of the ancient Jewish temple, is located at the base of the Dome of the Rock and Islam's al-Aqsa Mosque.
The old Western Wall is the site of a Roman-era Jewish temple, Christians honor the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and Muslims hold sacred rituals in the eastern part of the city.
Arab and Israeli neighborhoods are noteasily sit next to one another in nearby suburban communities.
Lebanon has a complex religious geography.
Arabic words have entered other important languages of the Islamic world.
The region is often referred to as the "Arab World," but learning requires competence in Arabic.
The ancient Israelites 3000 years ago used Hebrew to describe their ethnic identity and potential cultural conflicts.
Its modern ver is present at linguistic borders.
The official language of Israel is Arabic, but the language map is still useful in identifying the major families found across the region, as it is the sacred tongue of the Jewish people.
English is used as a second or third language throughout the country.
More than 70 separate languages are rec older languages that survive in more remote areas.
In Iran, Turkey, and Iraq, there are older Afro- Asiatics.