Merchants and seamen from the Medi terranean settled in East African coastal towns during the Common Era.
The arrival of more traders happened after centuries.
The area was called the "land of the blacks" by the Arabs after the death of Muhammad.
Arabic Mus lims established small trading colonies along the coast that were ruled by kings and practiced various animistic religions.
The coastal peoples slowly converted to Islam.
African religions remained strong in the interior.
The lives of the coastal people of East Africa were influenced by migrants from the Arabian peninsula and the Malay Archipelago.
Fresh waves of Arabs and Persians came down the coast in the late 12th century.
They introduced Islamic culture to the indigenous population.
From the first to the fifteenth century, Indonesians crossed the Indian Ocean and settled on the African coast and on the island of Malagasy.
The society combined Asian, African, and especially Islamic qualities when immigrants married Africans.
The East African coastal has a strong Arabic influence.
The culture of the 13th century was named after a Muslim mosque at Mogadishu and the fiercely Muslim populations of Mombasa and Kilwa Guage, whose vocabulary and poetic forms exhibit strong Arabic in the 14th century.
The most powerful city is as far north as Pemba and as far south as Sofala.
The coastal cities were great for commercial activity in the 13th century.
Like Venice, the cities of Kilwa, Mombasa, and Pemba were located on islands.
They were protected from landside attack by the currents that isolated them from the mainland.
The island city of Kilwa was ruled by the sheik.
Tribal chiefs ruled with the advice of elders.
Portuguese traders were amazed at the wealth and prosperity of the East African coastal cities.
Islamic proscriptions against representation of the human form prevented rulers' portraits from being used on coinage.
Islamic coins since the Umayyad period were decorated with writing.
This coin is a symbol of the Muslim culture and rich maritime trade of the East African coast.
The giraffe is the most popular animal in these lands.
The most distant frontier of this land is So A Tenth-Century Muslim Traveler Fala, which marks the end of the ship voyages made from parts of the East and Siraf on the Zanj sea.
The zanj kings have 300,000 cavalrymen.
There are valleys, mountains and sandy deserts in the country.
You won't see a tame elephant when you cross the strait.
The ambergris is found in great quantities along the Zanj coast and is then sent on to the coastline of Arabia.
China and India have the best ambergris.
The two primary destina in the islands and on the shores of the Zanj sea are round and pale, and if they were not, ivory would be abundant blue tint, sometimes the size of an ostrich egg.
The lump is swallowed by the whale.
When the sea becomes in China, the kings and military and civil officers ride very rough the whale vomits up large rock size balls of ambergris.
It chokes to death when it tries to gulp them down again, and it dares to enter the royal presence in an iron palanquin.
On this occasion, only ivory can serve.
They draw the fish to curved tusks when they are waiting for a favorable moment.
They burn ivory near with harpoons and tackle, cut open its stomach, and extract it before their idols and incense their altars with its per ambergris.
The Chinese derive no found near the back are more pure than those found inside the elephant, as they believe it brings the body.
Wild leopard skins are in high demand in India.
They export dagger handles to Muslim countries.
These and curved sword-scabbards are made from the largest leopard skins and are the most beautiful saddles.
Chessmen and backgammon pieces, as well as tortoise-shell for making combs, are also made from ivory.
The design of dhows has not changed since Al Mas'udi's time.
He shows how disobedience exposes them to punishments and reminds them of the example of their ancestors and former kings.
The kings of these people follow traditional political practices.