Edited Invalid date
11.1 Organic Compounds
Try Practice Problems 11 to 11.6 carbon atom in ethane have the same shape as methane.
Draw the line-angle and structural formulas for alkanes from the IUPAC names.
Most of the compounds in the world are organic.
The strength of C allows carbon atoms to form long, stable chains.
Fuels are one of the most common uses of alkanes.
Methane is an alkane with one carbon atom.
Each carbon atom and its hydrogen atoms are written as a group in a formula.
The number of hydrogen atoms is indicated by a subscript.
The carbon atoms don't lie in a straight line when an organic molecule consists of a chain of three or more carbon atoms.
They are arranged in a pattern.
There are three hydrogen atoms on the ends of the carbon atoms.
There are two carbons and two hydrogen atoms in the middle of the carbon chain.
The expanded, Condensed structural, and line-angle formulas are used for pentane.
Draw the chain.
There are five carbon atoms in a continuous chain.
The expanded structural formula can be drawn by adding hydrogen atoms with single bonds to carbon atoms.
Combine the H atoms with the C atoms to make a structural formula.
The zigzag line in the line-angle formula represents the ends and corners of C atoms.
The groups attached to each C are not in fixed positions because an alkane has only single carbon-carbon bonds.
The bonds connecting the carbon atoms can be freely rotating.
A variety of structural formulas can be used to represent the same compound with four carbon atoms.
The simplest cycloalkane has a ring of three carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms.
Most cycloalkanes are drawn using their line-angle formulas, which look like simple geometric figures.
The carbon atom is represented by each corner of the line-angle formula for a cycloalkane.
A chain has eight carbon atoms.
The cyclohexane is a ring of six carbon atoms.
Review flashcards and saved quizzes
Getting your flashcards
Privacy & Terms