Korea advanced socially and economically after recovering from the invasions.
The Korean elite turned away from Buddhism during the Choson Dynasty.
The population grew from 8 mil ion in 1600 to 14 mil lion in 1810.
Slavery declined as the economy improved.
The same waters were used by pirates and traders in the 16th century.
The Portuguese set up trading ports.
The hold of the elite remained strong.
Portuguese, Spanish, and Dutch merchants and explorers participated in the East Asian maritime world in the 16th century.
European traders wanted a share of the profits from the trade between Japan, China, and Southeast Asia.
They wanted to develop trade between Asia and Europe.
The Portuguese and Dutch seized many outposts along the trade routes, including Taiwan.
They didn't make a distinction between piracy and trade.
The Portuguese were banned from China in 1521.
An expeditionary force commissioned by the Portuguese king to negotiate a friendship treaty was defeated by Chi nese warships two years later.
In 1557, local Chinese offi cials decided that the way to regulate trade was to allow the Portuguese to build a trading post near the mouth of the Pearl River.
Macao was the first place for Europeans to go to China until the 19th century.
On the same day I was reflecting on my spiritual state, I felt like I was ashamed.
This is like the torture meted out by the fiends of hell.
No one wants to lag behind.
They fall over each other trying to get at the plunder.
I can't bear to look at it.
People's houses went up in flames as night fell because of the plunder smoke.
Everything of the innocent people's goods was destroyed in the fire.
The houses are on fire.
The lordship has set up a camp near the burning houses.
Unless you can see flames flying high from this fortress.
Fifty or VIII.6 is the word.
The fields and hillsides have been put to the fire, not sixty thousand soldiers from Great Ming are garrison speak of the forts.
People are either put to the sword or chained up.
I have never seen a sight like this before, parents crying for their children, children searching for their parents.
The troops are happy to hear the cries of the soldiers.
Since the battle of demons, rain has been falling.
It comes down in sheets.
There is a makeshift tent covered in oil.
A creature of delusions, fearsome torrents beating down my mind full of attachment.
The fortress will be attacked before dawn tomorrow.
The bamboo has been given to the troops.
The sun was about to set as they worked their way close in, right up against the edge of the castle's bulwarks, and gunfire opened up from the several siege detachments, accompanied by arrows shot from short-bows.
Many men were killed.
The number of dead is beyond the count.
The castle fell during the night.
Hishu's troops were the first to enter the walls.
He is going to get a vermilion-seal letter of commendation.
The last man and woman were killed in the fortress.
No prisoners were taken.
Some were kept alive for exchange purposes.
The world of sorrow and inconstancy has one constant -- men and women, young and old, die and disappear.
Although the Japanese invasion failed, some of the warriors who fought in it were celebrated, like Kato Kiyomasa, shown here fighting a tiger in the hills of Korea.
This is a story of an abduction that ends badly.
The taking of life is opposed by Theodore de letting go of attachment.
Do you think Keinen's use of poetry is natural, or do you think it's permission of the publisher?