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4 -- Part 2: Section I of the Exam: How to Approach the Multiple-Choice
The winner of the popular vote needs to get the majority of electoral votes to win the election.
Swing states are where the majority of voters will vote for either major party.
The House of Representatives rarely has elections.
All states have a winner-take-all rule when it comes to apportioning electoral votes.
The Senate has a Rules Committee that sets the conditions for floor debate of a bill.
The House debate can be delayed or prevented by the Rules Committee.
The federal government cannot deprive a person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
This prohibition is extended to the states by the Fourteenth Amendment.
The Fourteenth Amendment deals with the powers reserved to the states and the privileges of citizens.
The "equal protection" clause is in the Fourteenth Amendment.
A few members of Congress have been elected by minor parties.
Major political parties often adopt the ideas of minor parties.
A small party may be able to sway the election results.
The court ruled that religious beliefs can be restricted if they conflict with criminal laws.
The Religious Freedom Restoration Act was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1997.
Presidents tend to pick judges from their own party.
According to the president's ideological position, presidents often want to pick a candidate who will vote according to the president's position.
Race and religious affiliation are often considered to provide balance on the court or satisfy certain segments of society.
Presidents can consider endorsements from members of the Supreme Court.
Only 4.8% of naturalized citizens reported lack of interest in candidates or issues compared to native-born citizens who reported 10.2% lack of interest.
College-educated voters reported busy schedules more frequently than those with less education.
Voting patterns among racial groups were different.
It is not possible to determine the percentage of voters who are not voting due to reasons other than not voting.
Older voters were less likely to list reasons such as too busy, refused, and forgot to vote.
The U.S. government has been described as divided government, in which one party controls the presidency and the other controls both houses of Congress.
Jefferson favored states' rights.
The Republican Party started as a third party because of its opposition to slavery.
The period from the New Deal to the Nixon presidency was dominated by the Democrats.
Republican presidents dominated the period after the Civil War.
The White House Office is made up of personal and political staff who help with the day-to-day management of the executive branch.
The annual federal budget is prepared by the Office of Management and Budget.
Advisors inform the president about economic developments.
The president is advised on matters of domestic and foreign national security by the National Security Council.
The president is given advice about domestic policy by the Office of Policy Development.
There is a provision in the Constitution for congressional override of presidential vetoes.
Congress created lower courts in the federal system.
The president can use executive agreements instead of treaties.
Over time, senatorial courtesy has been incorporated into the political system.
Voters can use the Internet to learn about candidate qualifications instead of relying on party-generated information.
Regardless of technology, split- ticket voting can be accomplished.
The 1960 election established the power of televised presidential debate.
There is more diversity within the major parties.
Voters don't see a difference between the major parties.
Congressional districts are redrawn if necessary to maintain populations that are nearly equal in each district.
The drawing of congressional districts can be used to favor one political party or group over another.
In single-member districts, only one representative is chosen from each district.
The people rule popular sovereignty.
The electoral college is made up of representatives from each state who cast their votes for the president and vice president.
The winning candidates received less than half of the popular vote.
Clinton and Nixon won majority votes in the electoral college.
All three elections resulted in a majority in the electoral college, but they were not decided in the House.
Presidential elections are not decided in the Senate.
The correct definition is choice.
Senators have choices in the Constitution.
The franking privilege is defined as choice.
A definition of choice is the seniority system.
Drawing irregular-shaped districts in order to include populations that favor one party over another is called germandering.
Populations of nearly equal size must be included in congressional districts.
It is not intended to give equal representation to all minority groups.
If it is based solely on race, it is a violation of the Fifteenth Amendment.
The districts that were germandered remain single-member districts.
The First Amendment provides for choice.
The Fourth Amendment guarantees protection from unreasonable searches.
The right to a public trial and trial by jury are included in the Sixth Amendment.
The right to bear arms is granted by the Second Amendment.
If it doesn't happen in the public school, released-time religious instruction is constitutional.
The wall of separation principle was used by the Supreme Court to forbid prayer in public schools.
The laws that prohibit the teaching of evolution and give equal time to the teaching of creationism have been struck down.
The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution does not allow the government to spend tax money to support religious institutions.
Candidates for public office are nominated by political parties.
The strategies typically used by interest groups are Choices, C, D, and E.
Scientific polling includes sampling, controlling how the poll is taken, and analyzing and reporting results.
It isn't used to make public policy.
State and local governments get revenue sharing from the national government.
An interstate compact is an agreement between states to solve regional problems.
The privileges and immunities clause of the constitution forbids states from discriminating against residents of other states.
The governor of the state may request the return of fugitives to that state to avoid criminal prosecution.
States are required to recognize the laws and legal documents of other states under the full faith and credit clause.
No person could be denied the right to vote because of their race or being a slave under the Fifteenth Amendment.
Poll taxes were not allowed in federal elections.
The poll tax was used to keep blacks from voting.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957 made it a crime to prevent a person from voting in federal elections and created the Civil Rights Division within the Justice Department.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965, known as the "Voting Rights Act of 1965," made it illegal to test literacy in voter registration.
Blacks were kept from voting by using literacy tests.
There are many terms a vice president serves.
The vice president can help determine presidential disability.
In order to provide geographical or ideological balance to the ticket, the vice presidential nominee is often chosen.
More attention has been given to the vice president since Kennedy's death.
The tiebreaking vote is cast by the vice president.
The president makes executive agreements with other heads of state and they are not subject to Senate approval.
The power of the purse requires agency budgets to be appropriated by Congress.
The legislative branch has the power to impeach the executive branch.
A two-thirds majority of both houses is needed for Congress to overrule a presidential veto.
The executive branch's actions can be reviewed and declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
A recall election allows citizens to remove an official from office before their term ends.
Voters can petition to have issues decided by voters.
The referendum allows citizens to vote on issues.
They don't exist at the national level and are a result of the progressive movement.
A direct primary allows citizens to vote.
The Voting Rights Act did not eliminate them.
In a single-member district, the person who gets the most votes is elected.
Major parties tend to blend with minor parties.
The election results are not proportional.
The existence of the two-party system is strengthened by the fact that only major parties have a chance to win seats in the legislature.
The judicial branch is checked by the presidential pardon.
The impeachment trial of the president is presided over by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Lower federal courts are created by the Congress.
The Congress can propose amendments to the constitution.
In cases in which a state is a party, the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction.
All other choices are true.
Future court decisions are often set by Supreme Court decisions.
Since the Courts of Appeals cover a wide geographic region, individual senators have less influence and senatorial courtesy does not play a role in nominations.
The number of justices can be changed by Congress.
Federal judges are usually appointed to serve during good behavior.
The lower courts are more likely to interpret the law.
An executive order is a directive issued by the president.
treaties must be approved by a two-thirds vote of the Senate.
Senate approval is required for the appointments mentioned in choices B, D, and E.
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