Religious tolerance, political representation by assembly, exemption from fees, and large land grants were some of the incentives offered by the lords proprietor.
Carolina grew quickly, attracting not only mediocre farmers and artisans but also wealthy planters.
150 acres per family member was granted to colonists who could pay their own way to Carolina.
Slaves were allowed to be counted as members of the family.
The Lord's Proprietor was founded in 1733.
The establishment and solidification of the British North American colonies did not go smoothly.
There were many explosions of violence in the English settlements on the continent.
In May 1637, a group of English Puritans trekked into Indian country in territory claimed by New England.
The north and south ends of the town were put to the torch by the Puritans.
The men, women, and children tried to escape the fire, but other soldiers were waiting with guns and swords.
Four hundred souls were estimated by one commander.
The English Puritans boasted that the Pequot were killed by the sword in less than two months.
The battle for control of the fur and wampum trades in the northeast was the foundation of the war.
The English and Dutch were forced to choose sides.
The war was still a conflict of Native interests and initiative as the Mohegan hedged their bets on the English.
Security and stability for the English colonies was provided by victory over the Pequot, as well as propelling the Mohegan to new heights of political and economic influence as the primary power in New England.
The Wampanoag war against the Puritans seemed to repeat itself later in the century as the Mohegan, desperate for a remedy to their diminishing strength, joined the war.
King Philip's War ended Indian power in New England in 1675.
The body of a Wampanoag man was found under the ice of a pond in the winter of 1675.
An offensive against the English is being planned.
The three alleged killers appeared in court.
They were executed after being found guilty of murder.
A group of Wampanoags killed nine English people.
Metacom had entered into covenants of submission to various colonies, viewing them as relationships of protection and reciprocity rather than subjugation.
Indians and English lived, traded, worshipped, and arbitrated disputes in close proximity before 1675, but the execution of three Metacom's men at the hands of Plymouth Colony epitomized what many Indians viewed as the growing inequality of that relationship.
The Wampanoags may have wanted to retaliate for the recent executions.
They did not seek to destroy all of New England in war.
Connecticut and Massachusetts assisted the authorities in Plymouth.
In the summer of 1675, Metacom and his followers struck more towns as they moved northwest.
Some groups joined his forces, while others remained neutral.
Some Indian communities were divided by the war.
In the autumn of 1675 there was a lot of panic and violence in New England.
English distrust of neutral Indians, accompanied by demands that they surrender their weapons, pushed many into open war.
Most of the Indians of western and central Massachusetts entered the war by the end of 1675, laying waste to nearby English towns.
Hapless colonial forces were unable to locate more mobile Native communities or intercept Indian attacks.
The Narragansett of Rhode Island was attacked by the English in December 1675.
As many as 1,000 men, women, and children were killed in the Great Swamp Fight when 1,000 Englishmen put the main village to the torch.
The Indians were already fighting the English.
Between February and April 1676, English towns were devastated by Native forces.
The tide turned in the spring of 1676 Benjamin Church urged the New England colonies to find and fight the mobile warriors.
As the Indians were unable to plant crops and were forced to live off the land, their will to continue the struggle waned as companies of English and Native allies pursued them.
Fighters fled the region in the spring and summer.
Many of the group were sold into slavery by the English.
The sachem was killed in August 1676 by a Christian Indian who was fighting with the English.
The war changed the political landscape of New England.
Between eight hundred and one thousand English and at least three thousand Indians died in the fourteen-month conflict.
Many Indians fled the region and were sold into slavery.
In 1670, Native Americans made up 25 percent of New England's population, but a decade later they made up 10 percent.
The legacy of King Philip's War continued even after the fighting stopped.
New England faced a new fear after 16 years.
Salem Town, Salem Village, Ipswich, and Andover all tried women and men as witches.
Fourteen women and six men were executed after Paranoia swept through the region.
Five people died in prison.
Local rivalries, political turmoil, enduring trauma of war, faulty legal procedure, and even low-level environmental contamination are some of the causes of the trials.
Tituba, an Indian or African woman who was enslaved by the local minister, was at the center of the tragedy.22 Native American communities in Virginia had already been decimated by wars in 1622 and 1644.
New Englanders defeated Metacom's forces in Virginia the same year.
Tensions between Native Americans and English settlers, as well as tensions between wealthy English landowners and the poor settlers who pushed west into Indian territory, led to this conflict.
An argument over a pig started the Rebellion.
In the summer of 1675, a group of Doeg Indians traveled to northern Virginia to collect a debt from Thomas Mathew.
Some of Mathew's pigs were taken to settle the debt.
A series of raids and counterraids were sparked by this "theft".
Fourteen people were killed when the militia mistook the Indians for Doegs.
The English laid siege to the Susquehannock after they retaliated by killing colonists in Virginia and Maryland.
The militia executed a delegation of ambassadors under a flag of truce.
The English were killed in raids along the frontier by a few parties of warriors.