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20 -- Part 1: The Islamic World Powers
Powerful new Islamic states emerged after the decline of the Mongol Empire.
The Ottoman Empire was centered in Anatolia, while the Safavid Empire in Persia and the Mughal Empire in India held vast territories from the Balkans to the Bay of Bengal.
The Ottoman Empire was one of the largest, best-organized, and most enduring political entities in the world.
The Shi'a state was created in Persia by the Safavid Dynasty.
The leader of the Mughals, Babur, and his successors gained control of a large part of India.
The Islamic empire's ruling houses were great at creativity.
Patrons of art and architecture were often at war with each other.
They shared important characteristics and challenges in this depiction.
The palace built by Shah Abbas of had to adapt their armies to the introduction of firearms because they all emerged from Turkish tribal organizations.
Europeans were active in trade in India before the end of the period.
The decline of the Abbasid caliphate was caused by the Turks gaining control over key territories from Anatolia to Delhi in north India.
The Turks were very involved in the armies and administrations of the Mongol states in Per sia and Central Asia.
Turks outnumbered ethnic Mongols in these regions.
The Turks resumed their expansion after the strength of the Mongols waned in the late 13 to mid 14th century.
Timur built a Central Asian empire from his base in Samarkand that reached into India and the Black Sea.
His sons and grandson fought each other for the throne.
By 1450 his em pire was in decline and power went to the local level.
Islam became the most important force in the region as Sufi orders flourished.
The three main empires were formed from the small Turkish chiefs.
The defeat at the hands of Turkey temporarily slowed.
The Ottomans regained control after Timur's death in 1405.
Osman's campaigns were intended to subdue.
The Muslims of Anatolia were absorbed by the Ottomans and they became the protectors of the Orthodox Church and millions of Greek Christians in the Balkans.
In 1326 they took Bursa in western Anatolia, and in 1352 they gained a foothold in Europe.
The Ottomans defeated a force of Serbs and Bosnians in Kosovo in 1389.
King Sigismund of Hungary was crushed by an Arabic word.
After the victories in the Balkans, the Seljuk Turks used slave troops to increase their military strength.
The Ottomans used authority to mean politi guns and artillery, and these troops were trained to use them effectively.
Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Sultan Mehmet II.
Mehmet II had more than a hundred sand men and a large fleet, but iron chains kept him out of the city.
Turkish ingenuity and up-to-date technology eventually led to the battle.
Mehmet's army came in behind the chains blocking the harbor and bombarded the city with cannon from the rear.
They expanded through the Middle East and into North Africa in the 16th century.
Coffeehouses are the center of public facilities.
The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople decreased it further.
Hurrem wields influence in the Ottomans to start businesses, make Istanbul prosperous, and transform the Empire as Suleiman's concubine.
The expansion of the Ottoman state was aided by the artistic flowering of the Ottoman sultan Suleiman I.
The Safavids were turned back from Anatolia by the Ottomans.
The reign of Shah Abbas and the height of Egypt gave them control of the power.
The construction of the Taj Mahal began when most Arabs were under the rule of the Ottomans.
The reign of Aurangzeb and the power of Suleiman began to decline.
The British control army crushed the Hungarians at Mohacs in 1526 according to the Treaty of Paris.
The Turks besieged the capital of the Habsburgs in India.
The Ottomans had reached the logistical limit of their expansion so it was impossible to achieve this target.
The Ottoman Empire was a key player in European politics.
Francis I of France and Suleiman believed that they could prevent Habsburg domination of Europe.
The Habsburg emperor sought an alliance with the Persians.
Suleiman renewed the French agreement with Francis's son, Henry II, which became the cornerstone of Ottoman policy in western Europe.
The Catholic Habsburgs granted concessions to the Protestants after Suleiman allied with the German Protestant princes.
The consolidation of the national monarchy in France was made possible by Ottoman pressure.
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