In June of 2015, when the registration deadline was approaching, some 30,000 Haitians self-deported.
There were threats to pull back on foreign investment and aid as well as widespread international condemnation of this policy.
The mass removal did not happen.
President Medina was re-elected in May 2016 Mass deportations are planned according to the official Dominican policy.
Many Haitians and Dominican-Haitians live in fear of being forced to leave a country they have never been to.
For every 1000 people in the region, 4 Plantation America Anthropologists leave each year.
Immigrants are states.
Ruled by a European elite dependent on an African, this society was primarily coastal and produced ate family members are left behind.
Remittances agricultural exports.
The system created rigid class lines as well as a source of income.
People with lighter skin in countries like Jamaica and Haiti make up US$2 billion annually.
Governments and wealthy people.
Families carefully select the household member most a production system that relied on export commodities, likely to succeed abroad in the hope that money will flow coerced labor, and limited access back and a base for future immigrants will be established.
A Caribbean nation in which no one left would soon face reflects the plantation legacy.
A man or woman leaves an estate.
The social and economic patterns generated by slav children behind with relatives in order to work hard still mark the landscape.
Rural communities tend to have a lot of money.
Men are going to the new country.
In some cases, matriarchal family residents from a Caribbean town or district send migrants structures and female-headed households are common.
The mechanization of immigrant enclaves contributed to the formation of Caribbean Cities.
There has been a surge in rural-to-urban migration.
Dominicans are classified as urban.
Puerto Rico is the largest island in the Caribbean.
Haiti and Jamaica are the least urban.
Only five Caribbean metropolitan areas have more than 1 million residents, including Santo Domingo, San Juan, Havana, and Kingston, where Leonel Fernandez was first elected in 1996 and reelected in 2004.
The Spanish held a green card for many years, like their counterparts in Latin America.
Caribbean cities were laid out on a grid.
Plantation agriculture and subsistence farming were profitable initially, but the work was hard.
Millions of Africans were relocated to the region to produce these commodities.
Slaves are planting sugarcane in Antigua.
Only a small amount of land was set aside for production.
Villages of freed or runaway slaves were established in remote areas of the interior.
The majority of people lived on estates as owners, managers or slaves.
Most of the cities formed to serve the colonizers were small, containing a small fraction of a colony's population, and often defensive.
Major urban centers were not needed because the Caribbean linked the world economy.
These cities were usually fortified and walled.
Santo Domingo is the oldest continually occupied European city in the Americas.
Merengue is a fast-paced, highly danceable music that originated in the Dominican Republic.
Over the last four decades, rural migrants poured into the city in search of employment and opportunity, and now it is home to 3 million.
A high-speed Metro opened in Santo Domingo in 2009, and it now has two lines and 30 stations to reduce the city's crushing trafy, but there is still inadequate housing, electricity, employment, and schooling for a large portion of Santo Domingo.
Critics argue that an expensive underground Metro was not wise given the city's other pressing needs.
It is a sign of both modernity and big-city status for the Dominicans.
San Juan is the second largest city in the region.
It also has a renovated colonial core that is dwarfed by the modern city, which supports the island's largest porthe financial, political, manufacturing, and tourism hub.
It is an interesting blend of Latin American, North American, and Caribbean urbanism with its highways, high rises, shopping malls, and shoreline.
The city's basic infrastructure was restored after the 2010 earthquake, even though many of the 18th- and 19th-century structures were leveled.
People load onto metro cars in Santo Domingo.
Technical support was given to the Metro in Madrid, Spain.
The most important colonial city along the waterfront is an afternoon or evening stroll in Havana.
An essential city for the Spanish empire, what are the major demographic trends for this region.