ChAPTER 39 -- Part 2: Rebirth and Revolution: -- Part 1
Korea continued its dual pattern of development after the nations force ended.
A continued division of Korea was produced by North Korea.
There was little change in the late 1980s.
American troop levels were reduced but the South Korean army gained more sophisticated military equipment as a result of a mutual defense treaty.
The United States gave economic aid to the country in order to prevent starvation.
South Korea's politics continued to be authoritarian.
The army took over effective rule of the country in 1961.
The communists could not threaten the Nationalist regime because they did not have a navy.
A huge military force was drawn from the mainland to impose over the Taiwanese majority of Chinese leadership.
The need to keep in check disaffected indigenous Taiwanese, who grew restive as Chinese migrants dominated political and economic life on the island, was amplified by the authoritarian political patterns the nationalists had developed in China.
Hostility with the communist regime was high.
As the United States backed up its ally, the communists bombarded two small islands controlled by the nationalists.
China agreed to fire on the islands on alternate days, while the U.S. ships supplied them on the off days.
The United States persuaded Chiang to abandon his intentions of attacking the mainland.
When Taiwan's prosperity seemed assured, the United States ended its economic aid in the 1960s.
Agreement was reached between Hong Kong center and British rule.
The Chinese population grew at various points in Britain and the People's republic after communist rule.
The British naval base in Malaysia was retained until 1997 after China returned to Singapore.
In 1965, Singapore became an independent nation.
The political situation of many east Asian nations improved by the end of the 1950s.
Combining Western contacts with traditions of group loyalty, these areas moved from an impressive economic recovery to new international influence on the basis of manufacturing and trade.
Conservative stability was the main focus of postwar Japanese politics.
The government was held by the party from 1955 onward.
Changes in leadership, which at times were frequent, were handled through negotiations among the Liberal Democratic elite, not directly as a result of shifts in voter preference.
Many of the features of Meiji Japan and the Japan of the 1920s were revived by this system.
The Liberal Democrats' willingness to consult opposition leaders about major legislation during the 1970s and 1980s reinforced Japan's political unity.
There were new questions raised at the end of the 1980s when several Liberal Democratic leaders were branded by corruption.
Japan's political atmosphere after the war was strong in cooperation with business.
The state set production and investment goals and lent public resources to encourage investment.