Some people think that violence against women is on the rise.
Rape and sexual violence were used as weapons of war in the former Yugoslavia and in the early 1990s.
Rape and sexual violence are considered forms of torture and geno cide.
They have been used as weapons in conflicts around the world.
Many countries, including Russia, Pakistan, and South Africa, have seen an increase in domestic violence.
International female slave traffic is car ried on by traffickers from countries such as Ukraine, Moldova, Nigeria, and Thailand.
Some progress has been made towards equality for women.
More girls are receiving an education because of new laws.
Half of all the female heads of state elected since 1900 were elected after 1990, and more women are now allowed to vote and hold office.
Women are moving across and up in the workplace, holding a wider variety of jobs and more senior positions.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989.
Civil and human rights include economic, social, and cultural rights.
As of 2009, the convention has been tried by more countries than any other human rights treaty.
The United States and Somalia are the only two countries that have not approved it.
It's not hard to see why a document is necessary.
One in every two children in the world live in poverty.
In the United States, more than 11 million girls and boys live in poor families with their parents who make less than the poverty line.
Hundreds of millions of children don't have adequate shelter, 400 million don't have safe water, and 270 million don't have health care.
Kids die from 10 million to 11 million before they are five years old.
The convention addresses a number of other concerns.
Half of the world's refugees are children, child labor and exploitation, sexual vio lence and sex trafficking, police abuse of street children, HIV/AIDS orphans, and lack of access to adequate health care.
Child soldiers have been recruited or kidnapped in the last decade.
Child sexual abuse and child soldiers have become such widespread problems that the United Nations wrote two additional protocols, one on the involvement of children in armed conflicts and the other on the sale of children, child pornography, and child prostitution.
People were unable to read a book or sign their names as the twenty-first century began.
60 per cent of children without access to primary education were girls.
The majority of global literacy problems are found in the developing world.
Increasing economic globalization has put pressure on governments to improve literacy rates and educational opportunities for young people.
An eleven-year-old boy with a rifle slung over his shoulder stands guard at a checkpoint during his country's civil war.
Thousands of boys and girls under the age of eighteen have been used by the militaries in more than sixty countries since 2000.
Four in five children are participating in lower secondary education in the U.S.
The end of the Cold War brought renewed hope for global peace and prosperity.
Since 1991, we have learned that peace and prosperity are hard to come by for the human race.
New rifts and old animosities are just as dangerous and lethal as the Cold War differences they replaced.
As the twenty-first century enters its second decade, populist revolts in several countries across North Africa, the Middle East, and elsewhere have demonstrated that women and men are ready to fight and die for freedom from authoritarian rule and for better lives.
The use of the Internet, cell phones, and social networking sites has been a common feature of the recent revolts.
The most revolutionary advances in education in the developing world will come through access to the Internet, even though these have proved innovative tools for political change.
The benefits of having even one computer connected to the Internet in each school are incalculable despite the initial costs.
The world's libraries, art galleries, museums, educational sites, and knowledge bases are accessible to children instantly.
The playing field between rich and poor students is not exactly level, but it is closer to being done than any other development in history.
These and future events are put in perspective by the study of world history.
Future de velopments on this smal planet will surely build on the many layers of the past.
The study of world history gives a strong sense of life's essence: the process of change over time.
We have seen how people and societies evolve, influenced by ideas, human passions, and material conditions.
Students of history are prepared to comprehend the inexorable process of change in their own lifetimes if they have the ability to think historical.
You can do these exercises online.
There are some basic terms about this period.
A more advanced understanding of the chapter material is required for the exercise below.
The impact of global trends on Asia, Africa, and Latin America can be compared and contrasted by filling in the chart below with descriptions of the impact in key areas.
Now that you've reviewed key elements of the chapter, try to see the bigger picture.
In your answers, use specific examples from the chapter.