The Omnibus Education Act required equal opportunities for boys and girls to participate in sports.
The Equal Credit Opportunity Act made it illegal to ask about a person's gender or marital status on a credit application.
The Women's Equity in Employment Act required employers to justify discrimination against women.
Discrimination against people with disabilities was banned by the Rehabilitation Act.
Children with disabilities will receive an "appropriate" education according to the Education for All Handicapped Children Act.
The Americans with Disabilities Act forbids employers and owners of public accommodations from discriminating against people with disabilities.
Hearing- and speech-impaired people can use the Telecommunications Relay Service.
Prior to the 1960s and 1970s, few people were willing to discuss their sexual preferences with each other.
The gay power movement gained steam after a police raid on a gay and lesbian bar in 1969.
The Gay Activist Alliance and the Gay Liberation Front began to exert pressure on state legislatures to repeal laws against homosexual conduct.
As a result of the growth of the gay rights movement, the Democratic Party has included protection of gay rights as part of its platform, and several states have passed laws prohibiting discrimination against homosexuals in employment, housing, education, and public accommodations.
Discrimination has been an issue with the elderly.
Discrimination made it hard for older people to find work.
Congress passed the Age Discrimination in Employment Act in 1967, prohibiting employers from discriminating against people over the age of 40.
The majority of affirmative action issues are based on race or gender.
The Court seems to be taking a more conservative view of affirmative action programs and many fear that it is on the decline.
There is a "wall of separation between Church and State" in the Constitution.
An example of limited speech would be using actions rather than words to convey an idea.
The right of the government to take property for public use as long as the government provides just compensation is called substantive due process.
This finding supports the constitutional guarantee of no unreasonable search and seizure found in the First Amendment.
The Bill of Rights has been applied to the states by the Fourteenth Amendment.
The states can't deny the right to vote to anyone on the basis of race, color, or servitude.
The Twenty-Fifth Amendment deals with presidential succession, while the Twenty-Second Amendment addresses presidential tenure.
The wall of separation between Church and State is created by the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
Actions and symbols are used in symbolic speech.
Speech plus is the use of both verbal and symbolic speech.
Pure speech means verbal speech.
The government can take property for public use if it is compensated for the property.
Substantive due process requires the government to create fair laws and policies.
The government must use fair methods and procedures in order to be procedural due process.
The Fourth Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
African Americans had to take their cases to federal court after the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
The defense industry and government offices were not allowed to discriminate on the basis of race.
The poll tax was ended by the Twenty-Fourth Amendment.
The Native American Language Act encourages the continuation of native languages and culture.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Act forbids discrimination against women in the workplace.
The Equal Pay Act made it illegal to base an employee's pay on their race, gender, religion, or national origin.
The Nineteenth Amendment does not allow the denial of speach on the basis of gender.
The Equal Unemployment Opportunity Act and the Women's Civil Rights Act are not included.
Civil liberties are the rights that are guaranteed by the Constitution, Bill of Rights, and court decisions.
According to the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, there is a separation between church and state, preventing the government from supporting one religion over another.
Standards for measuring separation of church and state were established by the Lemon Test.
The right to practice any religion is guaranteed by the Free Exercise Clause.
Pure speech, symbolic speech, and speech plus are all classifications of speech.
The right to free speech is not absolute.
Fighting words and obscenity are not protected forms of free speech if national security is at stake.
The internet isn't regulated.
The freedom of the press is often protected because it is related to free speech.
Newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the internet are included in the press.
The First Amendment guarantees freedom of assembly and petition.
Private property is protected by the Due Process Clauses of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments.
The Supreme Court ruled that there is a right to privacy in the Constitution.
The Bill of Rights addresses the rights of those accused of crimes.
The protections are extended to the states by the Fourteenth Amendment.
Civil rights are positive acts of government designed to prevent discrimination.
The civil rights movement began after the Civil War, with African Americans trying to gain political, social, and economic equality.
Discriminatory practices were used by the states to prevent African Americans from participating in politics.
Black codes and Jim Crow laws were included in these practices.
The success of the African American civil rights movement has encouraged other minorities to call for an end to discrimination.
Discrimination has also been worked to end by women.
They gained the right to vote and protections against employment discrimination.
Affirmative action is a controversial policy designed to correct the effects of discrimination.