marienosnhoj | Student
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Leading a Healthy Lifestyle Lifestyle Diseases: Diseases caused partly by harmful behaviours and partly by other factors (diabetes, heart disease, etc). Risk Factors: Anything that increases the likelihood of disease, injury, or other health problems. An example would be the risk of heart disease because of heredity, high fat diets, lack of exercise, smoking, stress, or weight. Controllable Risk Factors: eating healthy, exercising, managing your weight, not smoking, etc Uncontrollable Risk Factors: age, gender, heredity, and race The leading causes of death among teens in the US today are… 1. motor vehicle accidents 2. homicide 3. suicide 4. cancer 5. heart disease These causes make up 3/4 of all teen deaths in the US. In contrast, the leading cause of death among adults is cancer and the leading cause of death among seniors is heart disease. Alcohol and Drug Use: Alcohol abuse can cause lasting damage to the brain, heart, and liver. Drug abuse can cause lasting damage to the brain, cognitive function, and nervous system. Risk Factors Include: cancer, depression, mental disorders, etc Grievous Behaviour: These are controllable factors or situations that can be avoided by good decision making. Examples include carrying a weapon, drug use, smoking, etc. Poor Eating Habits: Your eating habits can either decrease or increase your chances of developing many diseases. Sedentary Lifestyle: Not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis. Risk Factors Include: being overweight, diabetes, heart disease, etc. Sexual Activity: Sexual activity outside of a committed relationship puts individuals at risk for health problems such as hiv, stds, and unplanned pregnancy. Tobacco Use: Smoking and tobacco use are the leading preventable causes of death in the US. Risk Factors Include: cancer, heart disease, respiratory disease, etc. Health: The state of well-being in which all of the components of health (emotional, environmental, mental, physical, social, and spiritual) are in balance. Emotional Health: Expressing your emotions in a nondestructive, positive way. A healthy person can cope with unpleasant emotions and not get overwhelmed by them. Environmental Health: Keeping the land around you enjoyable and healthy, your air and water clean, and your food safe. Mental Health: The ability to cope with the demands of daily life and recognize reality. An example of a mental illness would be a phobia, which is an excessive and irrational fear of something. Physical Health: The way your body functions. Physical health includes avoiding alcohol and drugs, eating right, exercising, etc. Social Health: The quality of your relationship with family, friends, teachers, etc. A socially healthy person stays clear of those who do not treat them with respect and tolerance. Spiritual Health: Having a spiritual direction and purpose while maintaining a harmonious relationship with other living things. Spiritual health can be defined as understanding your purpose in life. Health Literacy: The knowledge of health information needed to make good decisions about your health. Value: Strong belief or ideal. Wellness: The achievement of a person's best in all six components of health. Cultural Influences: The beliefs, practices, and values shared by people that have a common background. Cultural influences can include the foods you eat, the type of work you do, or the way you live life. Hereditary Influences: These are traits you inherit from your grandparents and parents. Examples of hereditary influences include diabetes, heart disease, etc. If these are prevalent in your family you can focus on diet and exercise to reverse the cycle. Social Influences: Relationships you have with other people. Examples of social influences include peer pressure into doing drugs, drinking, etc. Advocate: To argue or speak out in favour of something. Education: Most states require that high and middle school students take some type of health class in order to graduate. These classes discuss the risks involved in alcohol, drugs, and violent behaviour and teach students about the benefits of exercise and nutrition. Medical Advances: Conducting medical research and developing new treatments for diseases is one way society addresses health concerns. An example would be an insulin pump to help patients with diabetes. Public Health: The practice of improving and protecting the health of people in a community. Public Policy: Governmental policies and regulations can also help to address health problems. Governments can pass laws to provide tax dollars for research on diseases. Examples would be enforcing age requirements and limiting how tobacco companies can advertise. Public Service Announcement (PSA): A message created to educate people about an issue. When choosing the best way to communicate your message you need to consider the following factors: make sure you have the most accurate and current information and you know your audience. Technology: Through the use of computers, lasers, and other revolutionary technologies, better and new products have been made to help people lead healthier lives. An example would be the development of the glucose monitor to check and track blood sugar levels in diabetic patients.