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10. Religion and Reform -- Part 5
Efforts for women's rights gained steam as the antislavery movement gained steam in northern states.
The efforts came to a head at an event in London in 1840.
The World Anti-Slavery Convention was held in London.
The organizers of the convention refused to seat the female delegates or allow them to vote because of ideological disagreements between some of the abolitionists.
After returning to the U.S., they renewed their interest in pursuing women's rights.
In the United States, Lucretia Mott advocated for women's rights.
Women's rights advocates came together to discuss the problems facing women at the Seneca Falls Convention.
The early women's rights movement embraced a wide range of issues.
She modeled the document on the Declaration of Independence to show the connection between women's liberty and the rhetoric of America's founding.
There were fifteen grievances and eleven resolutions outlined in the Declaration of Sentiments.
Property rights, access to the professions, and the right to vote were championed by them.
Sixty-eight women and thirty-two men, all of whom were already involved in some aspect of reform, signed the Declaration of Sentiments.
Men and women should be held to the same moral standards.
The first convention was held in the north to promote women's rights.
The women's rights movement experienced few victories.
Before the Civil War, few states reformed women's property laws and no state was prepared to give women the right to vote.
At the start of the Civil War, women's rights advocates threw the bulk of their support behind abolition, allowing the cause of racial equality to temporarily trump that of gender equality.
Generations of activists were inspired by the words of the convention.
The revival and reform movements of the antebellum period made a mark on the American landscape by the time of the civil war.
The Second Great Awakening connected evangelical Christians in national networks of faith.
The middle class was spurred to promote morality by social reform.
Some reform projects were more successful than others.
The temperance movement made inroads against the excesses of alcohol consumption, but the abolitionist movement proved so divisive that it paved the way for sectional crisis.
Participation in reform movements encouraged Americans to see themselves in new ways.
Black activists became powerful voices in antislavery societies, developing domestic and international connections to pursue the cause of liberty.
Middle-class women's dominant presence in the benevolent empire encouraged them to pursue a full-fledged women's right movement that has lasted in various forms through the present day.
Through the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, cultural and institutional foundations for social change have been developed by reform activists in the United States.
The chapter was edited by Emily Conroy-Krutz, with contributions from Elena Abbott, Christopher C. Jones, Jonathan Koefoed, and William E. Skidmore.
The notes to ch a p te R 10 1 are called RelIgIon and RefoRm.
TheCircular Addressed to the Ladies of the U.
Fowler and W R are from Rochester, NY.
The gender of men and women is being changed.
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