The tariffs on cloth and iron remained high even though the duties on many items were reduced.
South Carolina added it to the tariff of 1828.
President Andrew Jackson sent federal troops to the state to enforce the tariffs.
Congress passed a plan by Henry Clay to reduce the tariffs until 1842.
Tax on imported goods, including British cloth and clothing, strengthened New England textile companies but hurt southern consumers, who experienced a decrease in British demand for raw cotton grown in the South.
The Democrats led the effort to reduce taxes on imported goods in order to protect American industries from foreign competition.
The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was signed into law in 2008 by President George W. Bush and required the Treasury Department to spend $700 billion to keep banks and other financial institutions out of trouble.
He was very popular in America because of his victories against Mexico during the Mexican War.
He was elected president of the Whig party but died before he could complete his term.
Labor system based on detailed study of work tasks championed by Frederick Winslow Taylor was intended to maximize efficiency and profits for employers.
The right wing populist movement was made up of middle class, white male conservatives and was a response to the expansion of the federal government.
Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fal profited from the secret lease of government oil reserves in Wyoming.
The leader of the Shawnee tribe tried to unify the al Indians into a confederation that could defend their hunting grounds.
He believed that no land cessions could be made without the consent of the tribes.
The American government waged war on him and his tribe because of his beliefs and leadership.
He was at the battle.
When the confederacy fell apart, the mission of fighting off American expansion was defeated by a group of Native Americans.
The system of electronic communication was first used in the 1840s.
The amendment stated that the United States' goal in entering the war was to ensure Cuba's independence, not to annex Cuba as a territory.
The reform movement focused on reducing the use of alcoholic beverages.
The urban poor were housed in cramped, unventilated apartments in the shabby buildings.
The site of present- day Mexico City was built on marshy islands on the western side of Lake Tetzcoco.
The American public was shocked by the surprise attack by the North Vietnamese army on U.S. and South Vietnamese forces.
The Republic of Texas was created because of a conflict between Texas colonists and the Mexican government.
The amendment freed slaves in the United States.
There was a battle in northern Indiana between the U.S. troops and Native American warriors.
The cash crop grown in the Caribbean as wel as the Virginia and Maryland colonies was made more profitable by the popularity of smoking in Europe after the voyages of Columbus.
Two American destroyers were attacked by North Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2 and 4 of 1964.
President Johnson said the attacks were unprovoked.
The U.S. ships were watching the South Vietnamese attacks on the North Vietnamese islands.
The resolution was spurred by the incident.
The president was given the authority to defend the U.S. forces abroad after an attack on the American warships off the coast of North Vietnam.
Loyalists are people who supported the Crown after the Declaration of Independence.
Tea, paper, and other colonial imports were taxed under the Revenue Act of 1767, which was one of the most notorious of these policies.
4,000 people died on the journey from the southern Appalachians to Indian Territory.
The philosophy of a small group of New England writers advocated personal spirituality, self reliance, social reform, and harmony with nature.
The Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads linked at Promontory, Utah in 1869 to create the first line across the continental US.
The boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase were clarified by a treaty between Spain and the United States.
The War of 1812 ended with an agreement between Great Britain and the United States.
The Mexican- American War ended with a treaty between the United States and Mexico.
The French and Indian War ended with a settlement between Great Britain and France.
The peace treaty ended the First World War and forced Germany to give up its colonies around the world.
A form of combat between armies that are entrenched in their positions.
Major British and Hessian losses were suffered by General Washington and the American forces in December 1776.
A network of trade in which exports from one region were sold to another region, which exported its own goods back to the first country or colony.
He became President Roosevelt's vice president after his death.
After the war, Truman wrestled with the inflation of both prices and wages, worked with Congress to pass the National Security Act, and banned racial discrimination in the hiring of federal employees.
The Truman Doctrine was established to contain communism, the marshal plan was developed to rebuild Europe, and the U.S. military was sent to defend South Korea after North Korea invaded.
President Truman provided economic and military aid to any nation at risk of being taken over by the Communists.
A business arrangement that gives a person or corporation legal power to manage another person's money or another company without owning those entities.
New York State freed her after she was born into slavery.
She spoke to audiences about her experiences as a slave and asked them to support women's rights.
She escaped to the North after being born a slave.
She guided 300 slaves to freedom after returning to the South nineteen times.
An influential historian who authored the "Frontier Thesis" in 1893 argued that the existence of an al uring frontier and the experience of persistent westward expansion led to the nation's democratic politics, unfettered economy, and rugged individualism.
He was the leader of the slave revolt.
The revolt began with the slaves of Turner's master's household.
The militia crushed the revolt after they attacked other neighboring farmhouses.
Fifty five whites were killed in the uprising and seventeen of them were hanged.
Insurrection in rural Virginia led by black overseer Nat Turner, who killed slave owners and their families; in turn, federal troops indiscriminately killed hundreds of slaves in the process of putting down Turner and his rebels.
The combat success of African American pilots in the U.S. Army Air Corps spurred military and civilian leaders to desegregate the armed forces after the war.
One of the great American satirists and authors was born in Missouri and became a popular humorous writer and lecturer.
Tweed was 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 800-273-3217 His political domination of New York City ended in 1871.
The Eighteenth Amendment repealed prohibition on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
Runaway slaves were led to freedom in the North through a secret system of routes and safe houses.
The oneness of God and the goodness of rational man is preached by members of the liberal New England Congregationalist.
The interests of Mexican American migrant workers were represented by the organization.
Maintaining international peace and security is the responsibility of a major agency within the United Nations.
The original group consisted of five permanent members and six members who were elected to two-year terms.
The number of rotating members was increased after 1965, to ten.
The Republic of China was replaced by the People's Republic of China in 1971 and the Soviet Union was replaced by the Russian Federation in 1991.
People from the working class in New England believed in a God of mercy and salvation.
The war on terror triggered legislation that gave government agencies the right to eavesdrop on confidential conversations between prison inmates and their lawyers and allowed suspected terrorists to be tried in secret military courts.
Those who were interested in achieving salvation were offered innovative social and economic relationships in ideal communities.
In the winter of 1777-1778, more than 3,500 soldiers deserted or died from cold and hunger at the American military camp near Philadelphia.
The New York Central Railroad was consolidated in the 1860s.
Two Italian immigrants were arrested in 1920 for stealing $16,000 from a paymaster and his guard.
Their trial took place during a time when there were many bombings.
Many liberals and radicals believe that their conviction was based on their political ideas rather than the evidence against them.
A corporation gains control of resources and processes that are needed to produce a product.
The first to suggest that South America was a new continent was an Italian explorer.
Europe used a variant of his first name, America, to label the New World.
The last major Confederate fortress on the Mississippi River was besieged by the Union in a battle that forced the inhabitants into starvation.
The communists in Vietnam launched attacks on the Diem government.
South Vietnamese forces were trained to take over combat from the U.S. troops.
About a hundred years ago, people from Nordic countries sailed to Newfoundland.
The leader of one of the warring groups in the Mexican civil war provoked the United States into intervening.
He hoped attacking the United States would help him build a reputation as an opponent of the United States, which would increase his popularity and hurt Mexican President Carranza.
In 1606 King James I set up a joint stock enterprise.
The company was to spread Christianity in the New World to make money.
The delegations to the Constitutional Convention were divided on how to structure the government, with Virginia wanting a strong central government and a two- house legislature apportioned by population.
Thomas Jefferson drafted a Virginia law in 1777 that guarantees freedom of religion.
The idea that the American colonies had no representation in Parliament is called virtual y.
The law ended literacy tests and other means of limiting voting rights for al Americans.
Legislation gave workers the right to organize unions, gave them direct bargaining power, and prevented employers from interfering with union activities.
The governor of Alabama tried to prevent African American students from attending the University of Alabama.
He ran as a presidential candidate for the American Independent party in 1968, appealing to voters who were concerned about rioting anti- war protestors, the welfare system, and the growth of the federal government.
Great Britain and the United States fought over American shipping rights and British efforts to spur Indian attacks on American settlements.
Canadians and Native Americans fought in the war.
George W. Bush launched a global crusade to root out anti- American and anti- Western terrorists.
The president is required to inform Congress within 48 hours of the deployment of U.S. troops abroad and to withdraw them after 60 days unless Congress approves their continued deployment.
America's industrial output was converted to war production by a federal agency.
Thousands of Japanese Americans from the West Coast were held in internment camps until the end of the Second World War.
He was the foremost black teacher in America by the 1890s, after founding a leading col ege for African Americans in Alabama.
He believed that the African American community should establish an economic base before trying to achieve social equality.
His critics accused him of sacrificing civil rights for economic opportunities.
The Continental Congress named him the commander in chief of the Continental Army, which defeated the British in the American Revolution.
He was an officer in the French and Indian War.
He was the presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention but did not participate in the debates.
Washington was chosen as the nation's first president by the Electoral College.
The United States' neutrality in foreign affairs was maintained as Washington faced the nation's first foreign and domestic crises.
After two terms in office, Washington decided to step down and John Adams took over.
The scandal exposed the corruption of the Nixon administration and eventually led to President Nixon's resignation in 1974.
Nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons are capable of unleashing mass death and damage.
Saddam Hussein was thought to have such weapons by the Bush administration, which used them to justify the second U.S. invasion of Iraq.
The second national bank was moved from Boston to Philadelphia and he led the opposition to it.
He became a champion of a stronger national government when he served as a senator for Massachusetts.
New England had built up its manufacturers with the understanding that tariffs would protect them from foreign competitors.
There was a frontier between the Central and Al ied Powers.
Whigs supported high tariffs on imported goods.
The federal excise tax on corn whiskey was put down by the federal army.
The cotton gin separated cotton from its seeds.
One machine operator could separate fifty times more cotton than a worker could by hand, which led to an increase in cotton production and prices.
The slave trade grew from the coastal South to the Southwest as a result of these increases.
Over 300,000 settlers migrated to Kentucky in the last quarter of the 18th century using the original Indian path through the Cumberland Gap.
The Puritan believed that the purity of the church required a separation between the state and the church.
The first permanent settlement in Rhode Island and the first to allow religious freedom in America was established in 1636.
He was the Republican nominee in the presidential election of 1940.
He was against the New Deal programs.
Voters decided to keep President Roosevelt in office for a third term because of the dangerous world situation.
Slavery in any land acquired during the Mexican- American War would be banned.
Wilson ran under the slogan of New Freedom, which promised to improve the banking system, lower tariffs, and break up monopolies.
Wilson kept America neutral at the beginning of the First World War, but gave the Al ies credit for purchases of supplies, which caused him to ask Congress to declare war on Germany.
Congress wouldn't approve the entry of America into the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles, but Wilson supported it.
The Puritan leader and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony decided to use the colony as a refuge for Puritans and as an instrument of building a "wilderness Zion" in America.
The National Woman Suffrage Association spearheaded the movement to give women the right to vote.
During the Second World War, the demand for labor shook up old prejudices about gender roles in the workplace and in the military.
The Women's Army Corps and the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) are the two military equivalents of the Women's Army Corps.
By the end of the Second World War, nearly 150,000 women had served in the United States Army.
Women perform routine tasks in the house, garden, and fields.
In the colonies, the sphere of women's occupations expanded to include medicine, shopkeeping, and the operation of inns and taverns.
The flower children's free spirit was expressed in 1969 when roughly half a million young people descended on a farm in New York for a three- day music festival.
The New Deal created several federal job programs and the WPA became the largest employer in the nation.
The last incident of the Indians Wars took place in 1890 in the Dakota Territory, where the U.S. Cavalry killed over 200 men, women, and children who were in the process of surrender.
The French government refused to pay a bribe to stop French plundering of American ships in 1797, leading to two years of sea war with France.
The type of news reporting epitomized in the 1890s by the newspaper empires of Joseph Pulitzer and Wil iam Randolph Hearst was to manipulate public opinion through sensational headlines and articles about both real and invented events.
The majority of white families in the South did not own slaves.
On October 17, 1781, General Cornwal and over 7,000 British troops surrendered to George Washington in the final battle of the Revolutionary War.
After Joseph Smith's death, he became the leader of the Mormons and promised to leave the state.
He led the Mormons to Utah and settled near the Salt Lake.
After the United States gained Utah, he became the governor and kept the Mormons out of federal control.
The youth of the 1950s had more money and time than any previous generation and they needed a different youth culture to emerge.
In 1917, a German official sent a message to the Mexican government urging them to attack the United States and the telegram was intercepted by British intelligence agents.
In the course of human events, it is necessary for one person to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect.
We hold these truths to be true, that men are created equal and endowed with certain unalienable Rights, that are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
Governments are instituted among Men, with their just powers from the consent of the governed, to secure these rights.
Governments long established should not be changed for light and short term causes, and that mankind are more willing to suffer than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.
When a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing the same object, leads to a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
The establishment of an absolute tyranny over these States is something that the King of Great Britain has objected to.
Facts can be submitted to prove this.
The most necessary for the public good has been refused by him.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless they are suspended in their operation until his assent is obtained, and he has neglected to attend to them.
He refused to pass other Laws unless large districts of people gave up their Representation in the Legislature, a right formidable to tyrants only.
For the purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures, he has cal ed legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records.
Representative Houses have been dissolved multiple times for opposing his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, because the Legislative powers are incapable of Annihilation, and the State remains in the mean time exposed to al dangers of invasion from without.
He tried to prevent the population of these States by obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners, refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.
The Administration of Justice has been impeded by his refusal to assent to laws.
Judges are dependent on his Will alone for the duration of their offices and the amount and payment of their salaries.
Our people are harrassed and eaten by officers.
He has been with us in times of peace.
The Military is now independent of and superior to the Civil power.
They declared themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases.
He declared us out of his protection and started a war against us.
He destroyed the lives of our people by plundering our seas, ravaged our Coasts, and burnt our towns.
He is transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of perfidy, and he is the Head of a civilized nation.
The citizens were taken captive on the high seas to bear arms against their country, or to be the executioners of their friends and brethren.
The Indians, who have a known rule of warfare, have excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and have endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers.
Repeated injury has answered our repeated Petitions in the most humble terms: We have petitioned for Redress in every stage of these Oppressions.
A Prince whose character is marked by every act that may define a Tyrant is not fit to be the ruler of a free people.
We have not been looking for attention to our brethren.
We have warned them about attempts to extend unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.
They were reminded of the circumstances of our emigration.
We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common brethren to reject these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence.
They have been silent to the voice of justice and consanguinity.
As we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends, we must acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation.
We, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish.
The delegates of the states attached to their names send a greeting to everyone.
Every State retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which is not delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.
Several States enter into a league of friendship with each other, for their common defence, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other against attacks made upon them, or any of them.
If a person is found guilty of treason, felony, or other high misdemeanor in a State and flees to the United States, he will be delivered by the Governor or Executive power of the State from which he fled.
To the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts and magistrates of every other State, faith and credit should be given.
In order to make it easier to manage the general interests of the United States, delegates should be appointed every year by the legislature of each state to meet in Congress on the first Monday in November.
No person can be a delegate for more than three years in any term of six years, and no State will be represented by less than two members in Congress.
Each State shal has its own delegates in a meeting of the States and they act as members of the committee of the States.
Each State has one vote in determining questions in the United States.
The members of Congress should be protected from arrest and imprisonment during the time they are in Congress, and they should not be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Congress.
No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States in Congress or any of them.
No two or more States enter into a treaty without the consent of the United States in Congress, specifying the purposes for which the same is to be entered into, and how long it will last.
Any king, prince or state that entered into a treaty with the United States in Congress would have no duty to lay any imposts or duties.
No vessels of war shal be kept up in time of peace by any State, except the number that is deemed necessary by the United States in Congress to defend such State, or its trade.
No State will engage in a war without the consent of the United States in Congress, unless the State is invaded by enemies, and the danger is so imminent that a resolution is being drafted to invade the State.
When land- forces are raised by any State of the common defence, officers of or under the rank of colonel, should be appointed by the Legislature of each State respectively.
All charges of war, and all other expenses that are incurred for the common defence or general welfare, and all owed by the United States in Congress assembled, should be defrayed out of a common treasury, which shal be supplied by the several States, in proportion.
Within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress, the authority and direction of the Legislatures of the several States should lay and impose the taxes for paying that proportion.
The sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war is held by the United States in Congress.
The United States in Congress assembled shal is the last resort when there is a dispute between two or more States.
When the number of shal is reduced to thirteen, the names of the people whose names will be drawn out in the presence of Congress will be included in the Appendix.
The grants of two or more States, whose jurisdiction as they may respect such lands, and the states which passed such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of them being at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent to such settlement of jurisdiction.
The United States in Congress has the authority to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of Congress, and to consist of one delegate from each State, as well as to appoint other committees and civil officers.
Within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress, the officers and men cloathed, armed and equipped, shal march to the place appointed.