Oxygen or nitrogen can be used to bond aglycones to sugar.
A dicarboxylic acid is formed by oxidation of carbon atoms.
Reduction of the carbonyl group of a monosaccharide formed a polyalcohol.
A monocarboxylic acid is formed by the oxidation of an aldose.
A monosaccharide has an aldehyde carbonyl group.
Glucosamine is a sugar in which the hydroxy group is replaced by the amino group.
The anomeric carbon is the only carbon with two bonds to oxygen atoms.
The sugar stereoisomers have the same configuration at the anomeric carbon.
Polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones are derivatives.
The cell walls of plants are made of wood and cotton.
The strength and rigidity of insects and crustaceans is due to the presence of acetylglucosamine.
The loss of a carbon atom is caused by a reaction.
A template for the synthesis of ribo nucleic acid can be found in a biopolymer.
Through uncoiling and the linking of bases, DNA is the template for its own replication.
A sugar that has a hydrogen in it.
The presence of a methylene group or a methyl group is indicative of deoxy sugars.
D-( +)-glucose is the common dextrorotatory isomer.
The asymmetric carbon atom in d-( +)-glyceraldehyde has the same configu ration as the asymmetric carbon atom in sugars.
The sugars in the d series are naturally occurring.
Two monosaccharide molecules are created by the hydrolysis of a carbohydrate.
A base-catalyzed tautomerization that converts aldoses and ketoses with an enediol as an intermediate.
C2 and other carbon atoms are epimerized by this enolization.
There are two sugars at a single asymmetric carbon atom.
If no carbon is specified, it is assumed to be C2.
There are groups on the same side and opposite sides of the projection.
A side derived from sugar.
Nonreducing sugars are stable to base.
An acetal bond is a bond between two monosaccharide units.
The acetal bond from the anomeric carbon of glucose is used in the linkage.
The acetal bond from the anomeric carbon of galactose is used in the linkage.
The projection shows the cis and trans relationships, but it doesn't show the pyranose's positions.
A monosaccharide has a carbonyl group.
A method for longating an aldose.
The carbon atom is added to the aldose to make it two epi meric aldoses.
The asymmetric carbon atom in l-( -)-glyceraldehyde has the same configu ration as the asymmetric carbon atom in sugars.
Nature doesn't like sugar from the l series.
The smaller sugar molecule is given by a carbohydrate that does not undergo hydrolysis.
A change in optical rotation occurs when a pure anomer of a sugar in its hemiac etal form equilibrates with the other anomer to give an equilibrium mixture with an averaged value of the optical rotation.
One of the derivatives of pyrimidine or purine is the aglycone.
It gives two to ten monosaccharide units, but not as many as a polysaccharide.
Many monosaccharide molecules are given by a carbohydrate.
The main structure of a nucleic acid is the sequence of nucleotides.
The genetic characteristics of the nucleic acid are determined by this sequence.
There is a commercial fiber made from regenerated cellulose.
Any sugar that gives a positive Tollens test.
Both aldoses and ketoses give positive Tollens tests.
A biopolymer controls the synthesis of ribonucleotides.
The synthesis of RNA is controlled by the cell's genes.
A method for shortening the chain of an aldose by one carbon atom by treatment with bromine water, followed by hydrogen peroxide and Fe2(SO4)3.
The class of a-1,4'glucose is used in plants and animals.