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4 -- Part 3: Section I of the Exam: How to Approach the Multiple-Choice
Congress can't overrule a president's pocket veto of a bill.
The Congress rarely overhears a presidential veto.
In 1996, Congress allowed line item vetoes.
The line item veto was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1998.
The line item veto is not mentioned in the Constitution.
The threat of a veto is enough to prompt Congress to pass legislation acceptable to the president.
Government depends on the consent of the governed, according to traditional democratic theory.
Max Weber's bureaucratic theory is described in choice.
Hyperpluralism is described by choice.
The choice and the elite theory of C. Wright Mills are related.
Nondiscretionary spending, or spending required by existing laws for current programs, are examples of entitlements.
The percentage of discretionary spending has increased while the percentage of nondiscretionary spending has increased.
Student loans are an example of discretionary spending.
Nondiscretionary spending includes interest on the national debt.
Nondiscretionary means defense spending is considered.
Formulating public policy is done by the government.
The roles of the media are shown in the other choices.
Voting materials must be printed in the language of the majority of the population.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965, as well as the Twenty-Fourth Amendment, prohibit written exams and poll taxes.
Before the election, citizens must be registered.
Congressional districts must have equal numbers of voters.
The establishment of public school systems are reserved to the states.
The powers of the national government are the remaining answer choices.
Citizens acquire a sense of political identity through political socialization.
The influence of the family is the strongest.
The right to bear arms is guaranteed by the Second Amendment.
The Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause are related to the First Amendment guarantee of freedom of religion.
The Constitution created a strong national government, but the Articles created a "league of friendship" among the states.
Each state had one vote, regardless of population.
The Articles didn't provide for a national judiciary.
The national government and the states could coin money.
Congress couldn't regulate interstate trade or foreign commerce.
The Anti-Federalists believed that the strong national government gave the states too little power.
The addition of a Bill of Rights was favored because the Constitution did not guarantee basic rights.
Legislative powers provided by the Constitution were opposed by the Anti-Federalists.
All revenue bills must originate in the House according to the Constitution.
unlimited debate is provided by the Senate's rules.
A long speech is used to delay the vote on a bill.
The House draws impeachment charges.
The Senate has equal representation for each state.
The legislative branch has the power to appropriate funds.
The other choices are correct.
It takes a vote of at least 60 senators to end a filibuster.
Logrolling is an attempt by members of Congress to get other members to support their legislation.
House debate is limited by the House Rules Committee.
Lobbying is the attempt to influence members of Congress.
The choices are incorrect because revenue bills must originate in the House.
After the proposal has made it out of committee, the House Rules Committee decides if the full House will consider it.
Each proposal in the various committees is decided by the House Appropriations Committee.
They are not required to promote multiple causes.
They came from the campaign finance reforms of the 1970s.
Political action committees have choices.
The president informs Congress.
In writing, the vice president and majority of the cabinet inform Congress of the president's disability.
The acting president is the vice president.
The president can resume his or her duties if he or she tells Congress that there is no disability.
Congress has 21 days to decide the issue by a two-thirds vote of both houses if the vice president and majority of the cabinet disagree.
The people of the United States have the power to restrict the powers of the government.
Public policy that benefits society can be formed by combining interests and opinions.
Every individual is equal before the law.
Private property is supported by the capitalist system.
Although democracy is based on majority rule, minority rights must be guaranteed.
When party loyalty becomes less important to voters, there is an increase in independent and split ticket voting.
The coattail effect allows lesser-known or weaker candidates from the presidential candidate's party to win.
During presidential election years, it happens.
People who are married are more likely to vote.
The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 restricts soft money.
In presidential election years, voter turnout is higher.
Acts committed before the law's passage are an ex post facto law.
Before it is published or broadcast, prior restraint is the suppression of information.
Being tried twice for the same offense is double jeopardy.
A bill of attainder prohibits a person from being found guilty of a crime without a trial.
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