Edited Invalid date
8.5 Metabolism -- Part 2
Aerobic organisms use the oxygen and oxygen produced by the chloroplasts to sustain life.
The carbon dioxide produced by the mitochondria will be used to make oxygen as a by-product.
The ability to allow a flow of energy through living organisms is aided by the ability to allow a cycling of chemicals.
Catabolism and anabolism are balanced in a cell.
Oxidation involves the removal of hydrogen atoms.
The reduction process frees NAD+ so that it can accept more hydrogen atoms.
Page 144 still serves a purpose even though it only results in two ATP molecules.
Baking and brewing industries use a lot of the products of fermentation.
It provides a quick burst of energy for muscular activity in animals.
Oxygen is needed when lactate is completely metabolized to CO2 and H2O.
As CO2 is removed from pyruvate, oxidation occurs.
The C2 acetyl group is still received by CoA.
The reaction must take place twice per molecule.
Two CO2 molecule, three NADH molecule, and one FADH2 molecule are formed.
The cycle produces one molecule.
The electrons received from FADH2 are passed down a chain of carriers until they are finally received by oxygen, which combines with H+ to produce water.
The cristae of mitochondria have complexes of the electron transport chain that pass electrons from one to the other and also pump H+ into the intermembrane space.
36 to 38 ATP are produced by complete breakdown of the sugar molecule.
The result of the electron transport chain is the production of four of the others.
ThreeATP molecules are produced for most NADH molecules that donate electrons to the electron transport chain.
In some cells, each NADH formed in the cytoplasm results in only two ATP molecule, because a shuttle instead of NADH takes electrons through the mitochondria.
The electrons enter the electron transport chain at a lower energy level, which results in the formation of only two ATP.
The degradative pathways can be entered at different locations.
There are pathways that provide the anabolism of important substances.
Both use an ETC.
Water is formed in the mitochondria and split in the chloroplasts.
The release of CO2 is reduced by the enzymatic reactions in the chloroplasts.
Pick the best answer for the question.
There is a process that makes the most ATP.
A acetyl CoA is produced by the reduction of NAD+.
There is only a small net gain.
It happens in the nucleus.
The recycling of a.
Oxygen is the greatest contributor of electrons.
The prep reaction is part of the citric acid cycle.
The citric acid cycle has a high level of synthesis.
The cristae of the mitochondria is where the electron transport chain is located.
The electron transport chain makes more NADH than any other pathway.
Both use the same method.
Both of them have an ETC.
Refer to Figure 7.1 to review the roles of autotrophs and Heterotrophs in the Energy Part III: Cellular Respiration video.
Different types of beer and wine have different amounts of alcohol in them.
There is an electron transport chain inbacteria.
The electron transport chain is affected by Cyanide.
It works by blocking one of the enzymes.
One of the basic characteristics of life is the ability of organisms to reproduce, grow, and repair damaged tissues.
Stem cells have the potential to offer treatments for many human diseases because of an understanding of cellular reproduction.
The patterns of inheritance are explained by genetics.
Predicting the chances of having a child with a specific genetic disorder is one of the many applications of knowledge of these patterns.
An understanding of genetics has led to the development of technologies that can cure genetic diseases and produce crops to feed a growing population.
Review flashcards and saved quizzes
Getting your flashcards
Privacy & Terms