The Crystal Palace Exhibition attracted more than 6 million visitors from all over Europe.
People bought millions of souvenirs depicting the Crystal Palace.
The depiction made the lid of the pot brighter.
The implications of Malthus's thought were spelled out by an economist.
Wages would always sink to the level of poverty.
Wages posed by English economist David would keep workers from starving.
Malthus, Ricardo, and their followers were proved wrong when they suggested that population growth prevents them.
Wages rose above the sub until the 1820s or even the 1840s, and contemporary observers might have had con- sistence level.
There was more than one problem.
The British poor got poorer and no progress was made as the developments most impor tant to the acceleration of British poor got richer.
As new technologies and organization of labor began to change production in Brit ain, other countries began to emulate its example.
The economic and social conditions of each country madeitating Britain difficult.
By the end of the 19th century, several European countries as well as the United States and Japan had industrialized their economies to a variable degree.
We can get an overview of what happened with comparative data on industrial production in different countries.
The table shows the average amount of industrial production for each person in a given country.
In 1900, the per capita level of industrial goods in Great Britain and Ireland was equal to 100.
Every number in the table is a percentage of the 1900 level in Britain.
The order in which the countries began to use power-driven technology is listed.
The first column shows that in the 17th century al coun tries were close together, including non-Western areas such as China and India.
India and China were important players in early modern world trade.
According to the column headed 1800, Britain opened up a noticeable lead over all countries by 1800, and that gap gradually widened as the British trial Revolution accelerated to 1830 and reached full maturity by 1860.
The table shows that the countries of continental Europe and the United States began to emulate the British model successfully in the 19th century.
Britain's new technology and Belgium's rich iron and coal gave it a revolutionary surge between 1830 and 1860.
Factory production in France was more gradual.
All entries are based on the per capita level of industrialization in Great Britain in 1900.
Ireland, England, Wales, and Scotland are included in Great Britain.
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The regions made progress in the late 19th century, as shown by the growth in Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
Industrialization in eastern and southern Europe meant that all European states and the United States raised per capita industrial levels in the 19th century.
The decreases that occurred at the same time in many non-Western countries, most notably in China and India, stood in stark contrast to the increases.
Even as the non-Western world stagnated, European countries industrialized to a greater or lesser extent.
Japan, which is not included in this table, is an exceptional area of non-Western industrial growth in the second half of the 19th century.
After the forced opening of the country to the West in the 1850s, Japanese entrepreneurs began to adopt Western technology and manufacturing methods.
The differing rates of wealth and power-creating industrial development, which heightened dis parities within Europe, also greatly magnified existing inequalities between Europe and the rest of the world.
The process of industrializa tion was not automatic according to the different patterns of industrial development.
The era of agricultural improvement, population increase, expanding foreign trade, and growing cottage industry was a part of Europe in the 18th century.
When the pace of British industry began to accelerate in the 1780s, continental businesses began to adopt the new methods.
The European continent was close to British industry.
The situation was different by the year 1816.
Britain did not experience as much destruction as Europe did due to the fact that no wars had been fought on British soil.
The British industry continued to grow between 1789 and 1816.
The upheavals that began with the French Revolution caused severe economic disruption on the Eu ropean continent.
By 1850, continental countries were making progress, but they were still behind Britain.
The British rail system was essentially complete, whereas the continental railroad was still in an early stage.
Coal was used as a power source for steam engines and as a raw material for making iron and steel in the 19th century.
In 1850, locate the major exposed coal deposits.
France and the rest of Europe were behind Britain in the 19th century.