The panding system of communication, trade and production connected Europe and Asia to the Americas.
The South actively engaged new technologies and trade routes while also trying to upgrade its most traditional and culturally ingrained practices, such as slavery and agricultural production.
Merchants from the Northeast, Europe, Can ada, Mexico, and the Caribbean came to southern cities in the 1830s to set up trading firms, warehouses, ports, and markets.
To name a few, these cities doubled and tripled in size and global importance.
Populations became wealthier and more cosmopolitan.
The lower, middle, and upper-class communities had never been clearly defined.
New York City, Manchester, Le Havre, and Lisbon are just a few of the destinations where daily and weekly shipping lines can be found.
The South was in the middle of the world as it was slowly but surely coming closer together.
The Peel, Yates & Co. imported the first seven bales of cotton in Europe.
Prior to this delivery, cotton was seen as a product of the Caribbean islands of Barbados, SaintDomingue, Martinique, Cuba, and Jamaica.
The American South was the go-to source for both rice and tobacco.
The winter of 1785 would change the world and few knew it.
By the early 1800s, the American South had developed a niche in the European market for "luxurious" long-staple cotton grown exclusively on the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
Before the Louisiana Purchase opened up new lands in the South and the west, cotton seed was developed that would grow farther west on the southern mainland.
The Petit Gulf is said to be more easily deseeded than any other cotton strain.
More usable cotton was produced than anyone had thought.
At a time when Native peoples were removed from the Southwest, it came up.
White men with a few dollars and big dreams were able to get land after Indian removal.
The federal government forced several forced migrations of Native Americans throughout the 18th and 19th century, establishing a system of reservations west of the Mississippi River that all eastern peoples were required to relocate to.
The Indian removal act of 1830 allowed the federal government to survey, divide, and auction off millions of acres of land.
Farmers with dreams of owning a large plantation in the Mississippi River Delta can now buy acres for pennies on the dollar.
Thousands of people rushed into the Cotton Belt after pieces of land that would cost thousands of dollars elsewhere were sold for several hundred.
A writer and traveler from Maine called it amania.
William Henry Eli Whitney's cotton gin expanded and strengthened slavery in the South.
The change was amazing.
Money flowed from banks on promises of "other-worldly" profits and overnight returns.
People looking to buy land in the Southwest can get lines of credit from banks in New York City, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and London.
Some agents were sent to purchase cheap land at an auction for the purpose of selling it at double and triple the original value, a process known as speculation.
New life was brought to the South by the explosion of available land in the Cotton Belt.
Petit Gulf cotton was distributed and planted throughout the region by the end of the 1830s.
The ability to deseed and bundle products and move them to ports along the Atlantic seaboard was made possible by steam power and water travel.
Cotton became the primary crop in the nation by the end of the 1830s.
The numbers were staggering.
In 1793, just a few years after the first shipment of American cotton to Europe, the South The CoTTon RevoluTIon 287 produced around five million pounds of cotton, almost exclusively the product of South Carolina's Sea Islands.
In 1800, South Carolina remained the primary cotton producer in the South, sending over 6 million pounds of the luxurious long-staple blend to markets in Charleston, London, and New York.
By 1835, the five main cotton-growing states--South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana-- produced more than five hundred million pounds of Petit Gulf for a global market stretching from New Orleans to New York.
It took five hundred million pounds of cotton to make up 55 percent of the United States export market.
The rise of American cotton production came at the expense of the South's first crop--tobacco.
Tobacco was the South's main economic commodity for more than a century and was grown and sold in nearly every southern territory and state.
Tobacco was a difficult crop.
The land was poorly treated.
Tobacco fields did not last forever.
The fields were not able to grow much more than patches of grass because they were dried and barren.
Farmers had to move around, purchase new lands, develop new methods of production, and even create new fields because of tobacco's violent pattern of growth.
Tobacco was expensive to produce because of the use of slave labor.
It required a large number of slaves and laborers.
Cotton arrived at a time that was best for it.
Petit Gulf cotton grew quickly on cheap land.
With the invention of the cotton gin in 1794 and the emergence of steam power three decades later, cotton became the common person's commodity and Thomas Jefferson's vision of an idyllic republic of small farmers became a reality.
The map shows the percentage of slaves in each county of the slave-holding states in 1860.
In the "Black Belt" of Alabama, along the Mississippi River, and in coastal South Carolina, all of which were centers of agricultural production in the United States, the highest percentages are found.
With the democratization of land ownership through Indian removal, federal auctions, readily available credit, and the seemingly universal dream of cotton's immediate profit, one of the South's lasting traditions became normalized and engrained.
The tradition of southern society and culture would split the nation in two by the 1860s.
The time of American slavery had arrived.
The rise of cotton and the United States' position in the world led to slavery in the South.
Cotton grew alongside slavery.
The two were touching each other.
The Slave South was named after the existence of slavery and its importance to the southern economy.
Although slavery arrived in the Americas long before cotton became a profitable commodity, the use and purchase of slaves, the moralistic and economic justifications for the continuation of slavery, and even the need to protect the practice from extinction before the Civil War all received new life from the rise of cotton.
The South has had slavery since at least 1619 when a group of Dutch traders arrived.
The arrival of these Africans set in motion a practice that would stretch across the entire continent over the next two centuries, even though they remained under the ambiguous legal status of "unfree" rather than being actual slaves.
By the time the American Revolution created the United States, slavery was still practiced in many parts of the country.
Slavery became a way of life in the South as farmers expanded their lands and entered the international trade market.
After the Constitution was signed in 1790, more than 600,000 slaves lived in the South, including Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and the Southwest Territory.
The stereographs were taken after the end of slavery.
After the seed is separated in the ginning and taken to a storehouse, the fluffy white staple fiber is first obtained.