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14.5 Amines -- Part 2
The free amine or free base is when an amine reacts with a strong base such as NaOH.
NH2 + NaCl + H2O Cocaine can be obtained from coca leaves using an acidic HCl solution to give a white, solid ammonium salt.
It is the salt of cocaine that is used on the street.
"crack cocaine" is a solid product that makes a crackling noise when heated.
Crack cocaine is more addictive than the free amine because of the rapid absorption of the free amine.
Coca leaves are used to make cocaine.
In water, ethylamine acts as a weak base by accepting a hydrogen ion from water.
In a reaction with an acid, ethylamine acts as a weak base by accepting a hydrogen ion from HCl.
Draw the structure of the salt formed by trimethylamine and HCl.
Plants produced by M14_TIMB8860_13_GE_C14.indd.
Many of the drugs are habit forming.
The oriental poppy plant's alkaloids have been used as effective painkillers for hundreds of years.
Codeine is used in some prescription painkillers and cough syrups.
Heroin is not used medically and is a strong addicting drug.
The structure of the drug is similar to heroin.
The effects of H abuse are similar to those of heroin.
Nicotine causes pleasure centers in the brain to be activated.
It is a central nervous system senhancement.
To counteract the effects of an antihistamine.
Coffee, tea, energy drinks, and chocolate contain caffeine.
A number of alkaloids are used in medicine.
Quinine, obtained from the bark seed capsule, has been used in the treatment of Malaria since 1600s.
Atropine from nightshade is used in low concentrations of the alkaloids morphine and to accelerate slow heart rates.
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