"free response" is a synonym for timed essays on the AP Psychology Exam.
The facts about Section II should be reviewed.
You have to answer two essays.
Two essays are presented, and you must do both of them.
The essay is worth 16 percent of your score and 25 percent of the exam points.
The number of pieces of information you need to give in an essay is usually 7.
The graders are given a list of points they should look for.
The count determines how many points each essay is worth.
The readers are locked into that scale and will not give you an extra point for unrelated information.
When a student knows he needs to write an essay under certain conditions, panic sets in.
He has trouble concentrating on what the question is asking as he begins to read the question.
He knows he needs to outline something, but he is afraid he won't have time to do it.
He realized that he doesn't understand the question midway through the first paragraph.
He looked back at the question but decided he needed to forge ahead because he was worried that he was losing minutes.
He realized that he had missed a big point when he used paragraphs halfway through the second paragraph.
All of us at one time or another have felt our sympathetic nervous system kick into gear at the mention of a timed essay.
By being a smart tester.
Compare the approach of the smart tester to that of our tester.
The smart tester knows that she can't write an effective essay if she doesn't understand the question.
She pulls the question apart to make sure she knows what she is being asked to do.
She sets up a chart and outlines her points in a few minutes.
She sketches out the layout of the essay after she counts up her points.
The smart tester did most of the work for her essay in the first 7 minutes.
The framework she has already created can be used to write the essay for the next 15 minutes.
She might be able to put in some impressive words.
Spending time planning the essay will give you more time to write the essay.
You must be a smart tester because you have read this far in the book.
We're going to teach you how to write a great essay without using your hormones.
If you want to become a smart essay writer, you need to know what the people who will grade your essays are looking for.
There are many ways to write an essay.
You want to get points when it comes to the AP Psychology essays, so you have a more specific goal in mind.
You need to know what the graders want so that you can write a good essay.
Let's take a look at what they want from an essay.
A sentence or two is enough for an introduction.
There are a few no-nos that the College Board implies.
Do not repeat the question in your essay.
Suggestions that can be misconstrued as unethical should not be made.
Don't write everything you know about the topic, but stay focused on the question.
Don't write a lot of your introduction and conclusion.
Don't begin writing until you know what you're going to write about.
Although this may seem like a tall order, we can assure you that each of your essays will receive five minutes of the reader's time.
AP essays are scored.
A bunch of high school teachers and college professors are put in a room for six days to read essays after the AP exams are over.
The process is referred to as the Reading by the Board.
Readers are required to read hundreds of essays during the reading.
The readers assign a rubric to grade the essays.
Between 6 and 10 pieces of information are required for most essays.
Each essay has a point given for each required component.
Each essay was worth 7 points recently.
This is an example.
You wrote about 7 of the 10 required pieces of information in the essay question.
There were 10 points available and 2.5 is the multiplier.
You got 17.5 out of a possible 25 because you supplied 7 pieces of information correctly and accurately.
There are no deductions for discussing the information correctly and completely.
Readers may read and score your essay.
You can read the individual rubrics and required information for the most recent essay questions.
It's good news for you because it means that you can put together a high- scoring essay without fretting about time constraints and exact wording.
Let's work through the smart-tester strategies for writing a high- scoring essay, and then finish up with some pointers for adding polish.
Imagine you are in a boxing ring.
After 70 minutes of multiple-choice sparring, you have to take on two more big questions in 50 minutes to win.
You come out of your corner when the test is over to take the essay question.
You are reading the question, hoping to understand it.
If you took that approach, you would get hammered.
You pull it apart, look at each piece, and determine what is important.
The first thing to do is read the entire question.
Take it apart piece by piece.
The efficiency of the "time-out" method in changing children's behavior is under debate.
Work over the above statement now.
Circle the words that indicate transitions and changes in the direction of the sentence.
To understand the point of the sentence, you need to make notes.
The efficiency of the "time-out" method in modifying children's behavior is under debate.
Section II essay questions begin with a statement like the one we just saw and then ask you to do some detailed work.
You have to write about A and B in the essays.
Let's work together.
The importance of using what you have learned is emphasized by the first phrase.
This is the AP psychology exam.
The statement says to discuss the pros and cons of time-out in relation to the three topics.
Next to the list of topics, draw a chart.
You have to address the pros and cons of each topic in order to get the most out of it.
You can use the chart to keep track of what you are doing.
Look at each topic to make sure you can define it and show it.
Before you can list the pros and cons for any of the three topics, you need to clarify what each is and give an appropriate example.
Adding a column to your chart in front of the other two will remind you to define andIllustrate each term.
Explain how each method could be used in place of time-out.
You should always define the term even if the question doesn't ask you to, and you shouldIllustrate how this method will be used in place of the time-out.
You're well on your way to a great essay, but there are a few more things you need to do.
It won't take a long time after a little practice.
The efficiency of the "time-out" method in modifying children's behavior is under debate.
You should fill in your charts before you write.
Blank charts won't make your life easier.
If you keep a few notes under each column, you will be able to better organize your thoughts.
There is no way to make a good essay.
You need to work on those chapters.
Chapter 13: Developmental Psychology contains the information you need to answer this question.
Critical bonding with primary caregivers is what you will define in your essay.
The first column shows that you will emphasize the critical nature of this attachment by explaining the tendency of young animals, such as goslings, to attach to the first moving object they see.
You will explain the importance of human attachment with an illustration of separation anxiety.
The time-out is not a benefit to attachment.
If loving attachment is pursued at the end of the time-out, it can be done without damaging attachment.
The time-out may lead to problems associated with attachment, such as distrust of the parent's care and affection, or separation anxiety.
By taking the time to write down your thoughts, you make sure that your essay is well written and well written for that matter.
Continue the process for the points of Part A and Part B.
Let's look at it.
Work the question over so you know what you're being asked.
While you are working over the question, you will also draw your charts and fill them in at the same time.
You don't need to separate working the question from writing your outline if you want to give the question a quick read-through.
The process should take between five and seven minutes.
The College Board readers score your essay on a scale ranging from 0 to 7.
You can use that information to estimate the number and make sure you don't lose points.
Once you have finished the Work It and Chart It steps, you should take a minute to number all the possible points that you could earn.
Each of the main things you are asked to do is given a point.
That's right, if you counted 13 points, that's right.
If you write your essay well, you will get 3 points for each of the three categories in Part A (attachment, cognitive development, and adult relationships)--1 point will be awarded for defining each term, 1 point will be awarded for illustrating a con argument, and 1 point for having Part A is worth 9 points.
Part B is worth 4 points for each of the two topics that you address, 1 point for the definition of each term and 1 point for each explanation of how they can be used instead of time-out.
Part B usually gets less points than Part A.
The reader would take as many points as you got correct and multiple them by a constant to get an overall essay score of 25 points.
You don't want to lose points if you miss a major component.
This information will be used to complete the last smart-tester strategy before you start writing the essay.
You should sketch out your essay in a minute or two.
Put your points in order to know how the whole thing is organized.
You can use your sketch as a guide while you write your essay.
To represent a paragraph, draw a box.
Time-out and attach are pros and cons.
If you don't give any information, you won't get any points, so do your best to analyze the meaning of the word and then make an answer.
When you think you need a new paragraph, draw a box and put your points in it.
Define and illustrate cognitive development.
There are pros and cons to time-out.
Time-out and adult relat are pros and cons.
Now that you have a sketch, you will be able to write your own essay.
You just need to put it all together in a concise way.
As you finish your sketch, check off each point.
You will be sure not to skip anything if you do that.
Readers won't grade your charts or outlines.
Paragraph form is what the essay must be written in.
It is important to write in complete sentences.
Don't use symbols or bulleted lists to give examples.
Continue writing if you are running out of time.
It takes about 10 to 15 minutes to write an essay.
The College Board says to get a good score.
The introductory sentence should not repeat the question.
All key terms should be defined and highlighted.
Write an opening.
Your opening sentence needs to include what you are going to say and what the question says.
The College Board does not like when the question is restated.
In the United States, the "time-out" has become an acceptable means of dealing with inappropriate behavior of children, but it may have both positive and negative effects on the development of our youth.
It tells the reader that you are going to look at both sides of the issue and that it says what it needs to.
The point-value of your essay can be improved by using more appropriate psychological terms.
The term separation anxiety is used in the "time-out" essay to describe attachment issues.
Readers are trained to look for appropriate psychological terms even though they are scanning your essay quickly.
You can't earn points if you don't define, illustrate or give an example of the psychological term.
The College Board literature states that the graders like to see students' points supported by appropriate examples.
Don't use personal examples.
Make a reference to the question being asked and make sure they are relevant to your point.
A good example is something you learned in your course.
Make it clear if the example is supporting or contesting your point.
The third point about examples is always flag your examples with an introductory phrase.
Readers are reading your essay quickly.
They will be impressed by examples that are clearly delineated if they see an example.
Most people agree that the time-out is an improvement over punishment.
Attachment dysfunction can have far-reaching effects.
The change in direction of the paragraph is introduced by the word however.
It's clear that your example is different to a previous point if you put it after that sentence.
The potential emotional scars it can leave should not be underestimated, as the time-out may have some benefits.
Don't add a lot of fluff.
There are a lot of AP Psych essay questions.
Your job is to write an essay that doesn't have any add-ons or add-ons.
It's important that your essay is complete.
Don't skip over points.
Your reader is counting the points you are supposed to make.
You lose a point if you miss one.
Running out of time is also a factor.
If you run out of time on an essay, it will hurt your score.
The plan below is used to avoid this problem.
When you reach the 25-minute mark, you need to finish the second essay.
If you're still working on the essay, finish it as soon as possible and move on.
There are a few things you need to do to get all the points.
Double-checking that you addressed all the points you originally counted is the first thing you should do when you finish an essay.
Trigger words and transitional phrases are used as you move from one thought to another.
The cognitive development of children is an area that should be examined when considering the possible repercussions of the time-out.
The cognitive development of children is gradual.
Although there is nothing inherently wrong with the second sentence, the first sentence creates better flow and more overall cohesion to your essay.
Don't rely on your proctor to remember to give you a 25-minute warning, or to keep the time accurate.
You won't be able to use that excuse to explain why your essay is only half done if your proctor is a flake.
Keep your own time by wearing a watch.
The highest level of vocabulary is comfortable for you.
Don't use too much slang, but don't write in a way that will sound awkward or forced.
The most concise terminology is what you should use.
The words stick out like sore thumbs.
First impressions count.
The better your essays look, the more positive a reader is likely to be at the beginning.
Readers can't help but feel better about an essay that is long and legible.
If you need to, make sure you cross out mistakes in the paragraphs.
Put your skills to the test now that you have the knowledge to be a smart essay writer.
Check your work against ours when you are done.
There are many more sample questions from real tests to practice on.
Stress is said to be a major contributor to both physical and psychological problems.
Two methods would reduce the stress of the individual.