The committee should be chosen in every county, city, and town.
Common colonists would make up the Committees of Inspection.
The Continental Association was perhaps the most radical document of the period.
It sought to unite and direct twelve revolutionary governments, establish economic and moral policies, and empower common colonists by giving them an important and unprecedented degree of on-the-ground political power.
A good number of people remained faithful to the king and Parliament.
The resistance movements in many colonies were formed as the situation got worse.
Privileges directly from their relationship with Britain were provided to elite merchants who traded with it.
Following the Association, a number of the colonists began to worry that the resistance was too radical and aimed at independence.
They were suspicious of the resistance movement and still expected a peaceful dialogue with Britain.
War broke out in Massachusetts when the Continental Congress met again in May.
Local militias' arms and powder stores were to be seized by the British.
The town militia met them.
When someone fired, the British ordered the militia to leave.
The battle continued all the way to Concord.
Militia members, known as minutemen, responded quickly and inflicted significant casualties on the British armies as they chased them back to Boston.
The British were trapped by twenty thousand militiamen who laid siege to Boston.
The militia set up fortifications on Breed's Hill.
In the Battle of Bunker Hill, the British attempted to remove them from the position with a frontal assault, but they were killed by the colonists.
The Continental Congress struggled to organize a response to the deaths of men in Boston.
The Massachusetts delegates, including John Adams, Samuel Adams, and John Hancock, wanted the Congress to support the Massachusetts militia.
Many delegates from the Middle Colonies, including New York, New Jersey, and Philadelphia, called for renewed attempts at reconciliation.
John H. worried the moderates.
The Congress agreed to adopt the Massa 1903.
The declaration of the causes of necessity of taking up arms was issued to justify the decision.
Many people were aware that the opportunities for reconciliation were ending.
After Congress approved the document, Benjamin Franklin wrote to a friend and said that the Congress would probably send one more petition to the King.
31 Congress was attempting reconciliation while publicly raising an army.
He dismissed the petition in October.
The king knew that the resistance was being carried on for the purpose of establishing an empire.
By the start of 1776, the idea of independence was gaining steam.
Independence was a part of the popular debate in the first months of 1776.
In support of independence, town meetings throughout the colonies approved resolutions.
It would take another seven months before the Continental Congress passed the independence resolution.
The American conversation was captured by a small pamphlet published in Philadelphia.
His combination of easy language, biblical references, and fiery rhetoric proved potent, and the pamphlet was quickly published throughout the colonies.
The taverns were filled with arguments over political philosophy and rumors of battlefield developments.
George Washington forced the British to retreat after taking control of the army.
The governor of Virginia declared martial law and offered freedom to all indentured servants if they left their masters and joined the British.
Thousands of slaves defected to the British later in the war in order to have a chance at freedom.
Black Pioneers are companies that mostly employed former slaves as laborers, skilled workers, and spies.
The first mass emancipation of enslaved people in American history was the result of the British's motives for offering freedom.
Slaves could now choose to run and risk their lives for freedom with the British army or hope that the United States would live up to its ideals of liberty.
The English courts dealt a blow to slavery in the empire.
Dunmore began to convince slave owners that a new independent nation might offer better protection for them.
The unrest that loyal southerners had hoped to avoid was laid down by the proclamation.
Slaveholders used violence to prevent their slaves from joining the British.
Virginia enacted regulations to prevent slave defection, threatening to ship slaves to the West Indies or execute them.
Many masters transported their enslaved people inland, away from the coastal temptation to join the British armies.
The Congress voted on May 10, 1776, to call on all colonies that had not already established revolutionary governments to do so and to wrest control from royal officials.
This was the Congress's first declaration of independence.
Resolved, that the United Colonies are free and independent States, and should not be associated with the state of Great Britain.
It passed with New York under imminent threat of British invasion.
Lee's resolution was the official legal declaration of independence, but before the vote, a committee had been named to draft a public declaration.
The document was drafted by a Virginian, Thomas Jefferson, with edits being made by his fellow committee members John Adams and Benjamin Franklin.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, and that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
It is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish any form of Government that is destructive of these ends.
The British were blamed for the slave trade in the early draft.
The rhetoric of the preamble was not new.
They were the culmination of a decade of popular resistance to imperial reform and decades more of long-term developments that saw both sides develop incompatible understandings of the British Empire and the colonies' place within it.
The document was approved by Congress.
It was one thing to declare independence, but another to win it on the battlefield.
The British believed that a few small incursions to seize supplies would be enough to stop the colonial rebellion.
The minor incursions turned into a full-out military conflict.
The new states faced the daunting task of taking on the world's largest military despite an early American victory.