Conservatism is not a principle found in the Constitution.
The concept of popular sovereignty is that government exists with the consent of the governed.
Government power is restricted under the principle of limited government.
The power of courts to determine the constitutionality of legislative and executive actions is one aspect of the principle of checks and balances.
Federalism is the division of powers between a national government and regional governments.
The drawing of electoral districts in order to favor one political party or candidate is known as gerrymander.
The other choices don't describe the situation.
The social contract theory was written by John Locke and supported by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence.
The European belief is that monarchs derive their power from God.
Democracy is a system of many groups pulling government in many directions at the same time, according to Hyperpluralism.
The elite theory says that governmental power is in the hands of a small elite.
There is no state theory.
A court can act on the constitutionality of a law.
The presidential control of the regulatory commission is independent.
The federal budget is managed by the president.
The president can make appointments with the consent of the Senate.
The president is in charge of the armed forces.
The president has the power to grant pardons.
In the presidential election contest, state primaries and caucuses occur earliest.
The selection of the running mate is the next stage.
The popular election is followed by the electoral college election.
The majority opinion is submitted by justices who agree with the court's decision.
A concurring opinion is submitted by a justice or justices who agree with the majority decision but have different reasons for doing so.
Dissenting opinions are submitted by justices who disagree with the majority opinion.
The decisions of the Court may be explained by all three.
Lobbyists try to bring influence to the workings of government.
Civil disobedience and violence are not usually used by successful interest groups.
The methods frequently used by interest groups are the remaining answer choices.
The poll tax was abolished by the Twenty-Fourth Amendment.
The dates of the terms of the president and vice president were set by the Twentieth Amendment.
The Eighteenth Amendment established prohibition, while the Twenty-First Amendment repealed it.
Gatekeepers include media executives, news editors, and prominent reporters who decide what to present.
The roles of the members of Congress are represented by the remaining answer choices.
A representative who is interested in assisting people with their problems is called a constituent servant.
A member of Congress makes public policy through the passage of legislation.
The vote of a delegate is based on the wishes of the people they represent.
A Trustee is a person who votes based on his or her own opinions.
The president has the power to grant a pardon to a group of people who have committed crimes against the government.
Men who left the United States during the Vietnam Conflict to avoid the draft were granted a pardon by President Gerald Ford.
The power to establish agencies of the federal bureaucracy is given to Congress by the Constitution.
An independent agency is an agency of the executive branch that does not fall under the jurisdiction of a cabinet-level department.
The Equal Opportunity Employment Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency are examples.
"Court packing" is the term used to describe President Franklin Roosevelt's plan to increase the size of the Supreme Court by allowing the appointment of justices who were more likely to support Roosevelt's New Deal legislation.
The plan was never implemented.
The speaker of the House is the leader of the House.
The majority party in the House chooses the speaker.
The majority leader and majority whip are not the president.
Political parties can't get votes from interest groups.
Interest groups create interest in public affairs, encourage political participation by the people, provide information to the government on issues they represent, and help provide for the system of checks and balance through their monitoring functions.
The Twelfth Amendment allows for the election of the president and vice president by separate ballots.
Each elector would cast two votes before the amendment was voted on.
The candidate with the largest number of electoral votes became president, while the candidate with the second highest number of votes became vice president.
After the election of 1800, the Twelfth Amendment was added.
Jefferson became president after a long battle in the House of Representatives.
The Constitution doesn't refer to political parties because they didn't start until George Washington's second administration.
The differences between the House and Senate versions of a bill are iron out by conference committees.
The goal is for a compromise bill to be passed by the House and Senate and sent to the president for signature or veto.
The trial courts are in the federal court system.
The trial courts are not referred to in the remaining answer choices.
If the president vetoes a bill, it is sent back to Congress, where it can be voted on by both houses.
The individual liberties of the American people are not limited by the Constitution.
The Bill of Rights guarantees many rights to the people.
Cooperative federalism includes block grants, revenue sharing, and federal grants-in-aid.
State responsibility about how grant money should be spent is a step away from cooperative federalism.
The federal court system was established by the Constitution.
The legislative branch is described in article I, while the executive branch is described in article II.
The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren was the most active in increasing the rights of the accused.
The House of Representatives does not have the power to approve the Senate's motion to approve it.
Straight-ticket voting is easier because the party-column ballot only lists the party members running for each office.
The types of presidential character that James David Barber classified were active positive, active-negative, passive-positive, and passive-negative.
Positiveassertive was not a classification.
The total value is 4 points for each correct explanation of the right to vote and 2 points for each correct example.
Five suggested answers or completions are followed by each of the questions or incomplete statements.
Pick the one that is best in each case and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.
The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States was Thurgood Marshall.
The Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Supreme Court must approve the nomination of a new vice president.
Mobility of the electorate II can cause a low percentage of voter turnout.
The War Powers Resolution requires the president to inform Congress within 48 hours of any commitment of American troops abroad.
The first political parties in America were the Democrats and the Republicans.
You have 100 minutes to answer all the questions.
If the directions don't say so, respond to all of the questions.
You should take a few minutes to plan and outline each answer.
As the question is numbered below, make sure to number your answers.
If you need more space, use a separate sheet of paper.
Groups exert a lot of influence over public policy.
Strategies designed to achieve the president's public policy goals are used in relationships between Congress and the courts.
The candidates must be nominated and elected in both presidential and congressional campaigns.
There are major differences between congressional and presidential campaigns.
According to Richard Neustadt, a president's power comes from being able to persuade others to do what he or she wants.
Thurgood Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court by Lyndon Johnson.
The first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was John Marshall.
The Supreme Court had two justices.
Clarence Thomas is a justice on the Supreme Court.
The House of Representatives is elected every two years.
Religious qualifications for voting were eliminated in the early 19th century.
The Nineteenth Amendment eliminated gender disqualifications in 1920.
The Twenty-Fourth Amendment eliminated poll taxes in federal elections in 1964.
The passage of the Fifteenth Amendment eliminated race disqualifications in 1870.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965, eliminated literary tests.
The Twenty-Fifth Amendment requires both houses of Congress to approve the nomination of a vice president.
Candidates for office are not nominated by interest groups.
Choices describe the activities of political parties.
Interest groups and political parties don't try to influence the president.
Congress has the power to tax.
The executive branch and the judicial branch are established in the same article.
The supremacy of the Constitution is established by article VI (D), which deals with relationships among the states.
The policy adoption step is when the government adopts a plan of action to solve a problem.
Agenda setting recognizes an issue as a problem that needs to be addressed.
Finding ways to solve the problem is part of policy formulation.
Policy evaluation is the analysis of policy and its impact on the problem, while policy implementation is the execution of the plan of action by the appropriate agencies.
The relationship among the states is addressed in the Full Faith and Credit Clause.
The Fourth Amendment protects against unreasonable searches.
The powers reserved to the states or to the people are spoken of in the Tenth Amendment.
The Second Amendment guarantees the right to bear arms, while the Ninth Amendment addresses rights retained by the people.
The base of power can change when the party of the president loses seats in Congress.
The political power of Congress does not increase in off-year elections.
Only one-third of the Senate is elected in congressional elections.
Senate approval is not required for executive agreements.
Pacts between the president and the head of state of a foreign country are binding on the parties who make them.
They don't need the consent of the Supreme Court to remove governmental authority from Congress.
Most citizens share basic beliefs and values in political culture.
European monarchs were thought to be ruled by God in the divine right theory.
By the time the Constitution was written, the divine right theory had been challenged by the Enlightenment philosophy, which included a belief in natural rights.
The idea that government depends on the consent of the governed was embraced by the founding fathers.
Proposed reforms of the electoral college include the district plan, proportional plan, national bonus plan, and direct popular election.
Two electors from each state would be chosen in the district plan, while the other would be chosen in the congressional districts.
Each presidential candidate would get a share of the electoral vote based on the state's popular vote.
The basic structure of the electoral college is kept, but the winner of the popular vote gets an additional 102 electoral votes.
abolishing the electoral college is a concept of direct popular election.
Political action committees raise money for candidates and campaigns.
The winner of the popular vote is the majority of the electoral vote.
Candidates from major parties usually get electoral votes.
Most modern elections center around a variety of issues, but rarely result in the realignment of the major parties.
Political parties participate in elections.
The Kennedy-Nixon campaign in 1960 is the best example of the power of the media.
Kennedy's victory over Nixon was attributed to television coverage of the debates.
Television played a major role in the coverage of future presidential campaigns.
The role of the media in the Truman-Dewey campaign was noted by faulty polling methods that predicted Dewey as the winner of the election.
The national and state governments each have their own sphere of influence.
The conference committee is the latest step in the passage of a bill.
When the House and the Senate pass a bill in different forms, a conference committee is formed.
B, C, E, D, and A are the steps in the bill's passage.
The presidential coattail effect is when voters support members of the president's party for other offices because of his popularity.
Justices to the Supreme Court are appointed for life terms, during good behavior, and can be removed only through impeachment and conviction of the charges against them.
They are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
Although the president tends to choose justices who reflect his or her own political ideology, he or she does not always nominate a candidate from the president's party.
Supreme Court justices' salaries and benefits are set by Congress.
There are two reasons for low voter turnout.
There is a belief that a person can influence politics.
A higher voter turnout is caused by unhappiness with the status quo.
Voters feel that their vote is more important if candidates or parties show different programs.
The cabinet level is one of the executive departments created by Congress.
The Committee of the Whole is a large committee in the House of Representatives.
A standing committee is a permanent committee.
The number of members who must be present for business to take place is called a quorum.
The full house and the Committee at Large are not House committees.
Minor parties haven't been very successful in electing candidates to office.
Only a few members of Congress have been elected from minor parties.
Major parties often adopt the ideas of third parties into their platform.
Minor parties are based on a set of social, political, or economic beliefs.
Minor parties tend to focus on a single public policy matter such as abolition, abortion, or prohibition.
Floor whips help the floor leader gather the votes needed to pass or defeat a bill.
The minority floor leader is the main spokesman for the minority party and organizes opposition to the majority party.
The presiding officer of the House is the speaker of the House.
Committee chairpersons set agendas, assign members to subcommittees, and decide whether the committee will hold public hearings.
The U.S. government is represented by the solicitor general.
Presidential succession and disability can be dealt with by the Twenty-Fifth Amendment.
The decline in voter turnout is due to a decline in the ability of political parties to mobilize voters.
Same-day registration has shown an increase in voter turnout.
Party loyalty has decreased in recent years.
There are no penalties for not voting.
The high school dropout is likely to be the least likely to vote.
People with higher incomes are more likely to vote.
People who actively participate in their religion are more likely to vote.
An example of the executive powers of the presidency is the president's issuance of an executive order.
The veto power is an example of the president's legislative powers.
The president's powers include issuing executive agreements.
The presidency has the power to grant reprieves and pardons.
One of the president's military powers is to provide for domestic order.
The movement's shift to the courts aided in the success of the civil rights movement after 1950.
The rights of citizens were defined by the Fourteenth Amendment.
The number of African Americans in public office increased in the 70s.
The NAACP continues to promote the goals of the civil rights movement.
Through the passage of legislation, the National Organization for Women wants to protect women's rights.
Under federalism, the national and state governments have the same authority.
The powers and prohibitions of the government are outlined in a constitution.
The Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment was used by the Supreme Court to apply the Sixth Amendment to the states.
The right of the accused to be confronted by witnesses is guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment.
The whole House may debate the bill if it is forced out of the committee.
A joint resolution is a proposal for action that is issued by both the House and Senate, and it has the force of law when passed.
A cloture petition is a request for a Senate vote.
One sign of party dealignment is that one party controls the executive branch of government while the other controls both houses of Congress.
Changing the tenure of judges doesn't affect the power of the federal courts.
The Constitution established the tenure for federal judges.
Checks on the power of the judicial branch are represented by the remaining answer choices.
The War Powers Resolution requires the president to inform Congress within 48 hours of any commitment of U.S. troops abroad.
A docket is a list of cases.
A political liberal believes in government involvement to promote individual welfare.
The choices describe a political conservative.
The failure of the Articles of Confederation to provide adequate direction for the Union was the cause of the creation of the United States Constitution.
The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were not decided by the convention.
The conduct of the American Revolution was overseen by the Second Continental Congress.
The Articles of Confederation were written in response to the American Revolution.
The national government was weaker than the state governments.
Only one winner can be elected to represent the voters in a single-member district.
Candidates for office compete throughout the district or state as a whole in an at-large voting election.
The one-person one-vote system is a concept that states should have the same number of eligible voters in each legislative district.
Legislative districts are redrawn to give an advantage to a political party or group.
The National Security Council is part of the Executive Office of the President.
The Department of Homeland Security is a part of the cabinet.
It is in charge of preventing terrorist attacks.
The Department of State advises the president on foreign policy.
The CIA gathers information essential to national defense.
The FBI enforces U.S. criminal laws.
Both Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were impeached by the House of Representatives.
Nixon was not impeached because he resigned before the vote on the charges.
The direct election of senators was provided by the Seventeenth Amendment.
The method of voting in the electoral college was changed by the Twelfth Amendment.
The federal income tax was established by the Sixteenth Amendment.
The terms of office of the president and members of Congress were set by the Twentieth Amendment.
Legislative courts are not constitutional courts.
The Senate has a minimum age of 30 years.
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were the leaders of the Democratic-Republicans.
When appointing justices to the Supreme Court, senatorial courtesy is not used.
When appointing a justice to the Supreme Court, the other answer choices include factors.
The president doesn't create cabinet-level departments of the executive branch.
The presidential powers are represented by the remaining answer choices.
If the electoral college fails to determine a winner, the Senate has the power to approve presidential appointments and treaties.
The president's annual budget is prepared by the Office of Management and Budget.
The Department of the Treasury mints coins and prints paper money.
Patents and trademarks are granted by the Department of Commerce.
The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over both original and appellate matters.
The majority leader is the most powerful person in the Senate.
The majority party in the Senate has a spokesman.
The president of the Senate does not debate or vote to break a tie, but the vice president does.
The minority leader organizes opposition to the majority party.
The Senate does not have a speaker.
Whether a person approves or disapproves of a president's job performance is influenced by political party identification.
Part (b): 3 points for each correct explanation of activities.
Part (b) has 2 points for correct identification of each factor and 1 point for correct identification of the consequence of the trend.
Five suggested answers or completions are followed by each of the questions or incomplete statements.
Pick the one that is best in each case and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.
Impeachment proceedings were started against both Presidents.
Many people, including a number who have actually served as vice presidents, have observed that the vice president of the United States has little real power.
A bicameral legislature was created, all states had equal representation in both legislative bodies, a single executive was chosen who could only serve one term, and a national court structure was established.
Most of the cases that are appealed to the Supreme Court never make it to the court.
The heads of the executive departments are part of the president's cabinet.
A president can't serve more than two terms.
Many of the people who wrote the U.S. Constitution were influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment.
The power of political parties in the United States is predicted to decline by some commentators.