Between 40,000 and 15,000 b.c.e., the first humans settled in the Americas.
The Americas and Afroeurasia were separated from one another by the melting of glaciers over 11,000 years ago.
There were many similarities.
In both areas people initially gathered and hunted their food, and then some groups began to plant crops, adapting plants that were native to the areas they settled.
Harvesting crops gave a more regular food supply than gathered food, which allowed for population growth.
A Moche artist captured the transportation of food supplies led to the growth of cities, with monu commanding expression of a mental buildings honoring divine and human power, specialized pro ruler in this ceramic vessel.
The Moche was one of the marketplaces where many cultures in Peru developed technologies that were used to exchange products.
New products included improved military were useful equipment, which leaders used to enhance their authority and build up and beautiful, including brightly colored cloth and the large political entities we call kingdoms and empires.
The gods are honored by the library.
The first strong and prosperous empires in the Western Hemisphere were in Mexico and Central America.
The formation of settlements in the Americas was influenced by the environment.
The term is used for coastal wetlands, woodlands, deserts, and rain forests.
The Caribbean coast of Central America is characterized by thick jungle.
South America has a lot of different terrain.
Three-fourths of the continent is lowland plains, while the western coast is edge by the Andes.
The Amazon River is bordered by lowland rain forests.
The varied environments of the Americas contributed to the great diversity of peoples, cultures, and linguistic groups.
Many American Indian peoples believe that their group began through the actions of a divine figure.
Genetic people who are created out of earth and receive as evidence are currently providing new information about the ways in which supernatural beings set out to migrate across the Bering Strait.
The people are supposed to behave in certain ways.
Both suggest that this happened in waves and that people migrated back to Asia.
Many people rely on Native American and biblical creation accounts for their spiritual importance.
The earliest humans came to the Americas from Si beria and East Asia, but exactly when and how this happened is not known.
The traditional account is that people crossed the Bering Strait from Russia to Alaska between 15,000 and 13,000 b.c.e.
The end of the last Ice Age meant that more of the world's water was frozen and ocean levels were lower than they are today.
The migrants traveled between two large ice sheets that were slowly melting.
After the town in New Mexico where they were first discovered, they lived by gathering and hunting using spears with stone tips.
Some people think that the culture flourished at 11,000 b.c.e., while others think it flourished at 11,000 b.c.e.
The age of the Clovis culture is part of a larger debate about migration to the Americas.
It would have taken a very fast walk from this site to the bridge.
The first cities in Asia traveled along the coast in skin boats, perhaps as early as 40,000 b.c.e.
Construction of mounds began raising crops as well as gathering wild produce.
Aztec city planted the seeds of native plants.
We generally call corn the height of Aztec culture Americas.
Maize is the staple food in the highlands of Mesoamerica because people bred different types for different climates.
The beans use the maize stalks for support as they grow and also fix nitrogen in the soil, acting as a natural fertilization.
In contrast to single-crop planting in which rotation is needed so as not to exhaust the soil, crops can be grown in milpas year after year.
Maize had a symbolic and religious meaning because it was seen as the source of human life.
It was often associated with the corn god, a deity in sculptures of gods and kings.
There were many ceremonies held to honor this god.
They planted maize and other crops in the soil after they dredged the bottom of a lake or pond.
Chinampas were able to yield up to three harvests a year.
Knowledge of maize cultivation and maize seeds can be found in both North and South America.
Farmers in Mississippi and northeastern North America bred slightly different versions of the crop for different growing conditions.
The expansion of maize can be traced back to contacts between different groups.
By 3000 b.c.e., copper from the Great Lakes was traded throughout North America, reaching Mexico.
shells and obsidian were traded as well as pottery.
The bottle for holding lime was made in the 500's.
Lime helped release the active ingredients in coca, which was used by many peoples of South America in rituals.
Pieces of coca leaves were placed in the mouth and chewed.