In 1960, a military general, Park Chung-hee, seized power after Syngman Rhee was forced out of office.
His director of intelligence assassinated him in 1979.
A general took bows to the parliament.
The military was pushed from power by student protests at the end of the 1980s.
It was not dissidents who wanted to know how much the political situation had changed after a conservative politician won the general election.
There was opposition activity in South Korea.
There was some freedom of the press but not from communist countries.
After the Korean War and previous Japanese exploitation, the South Korean government began to focus on economic growth.
Huge industrial firms were created by a combination of government aid and entrepreneurship.
Korea's surge in steel was based on its southeastern coast, which has the most up-to-date technology, a skilled engineering sector, and low wages.
In textiles, Korean growth and that of Taiwan erased almost one-third of the jobs held in the industry in Japan.
Chung Ju-yung, a modern folk hero who walked 150 miles to Seoul, South Korea's capital, from his native land at the age of 16 to take his first job as a day laborer, was known as "Hyundai".
Chung's firm had 135,000 employees and 42 overseas offices when he was in his 60s.
Korea's southeastern coast was ruled by the virtual y.
It built ships, including petroleum supertankers, built thousands of housing units for low-paid workers at below-market rates, built schools, and built an arena for the practice of Korean martial arts.
When a fleet of cars was shipped abroad or a new tanker was launched, the Hyundai workers responded in kind, putting in six-day weeks with three vacation days per year and participating in almost worshipful ceremonies.
South Korea's rapid entry into the ranks of newly industrialized countries produced a host of changes.
The population grew.
In the 1980s, more than 40 million people lived in a nation about the size of the state of Indiana, which produced one of the highest population densities on the planet.
This was one of the reasons why many Koreans left.
The government began to encourage couples to have fewer children.
It developed a hothouse atmosphere of deals and business maneuvers as it expanded to embrace 9 million people.
Despite the increase in the population, per capita income rose almost 10 times from the early 1950s to the early 1980s, but still only one-ninth of Japan.
The poor were better off than the less developed nations in this setting.
The photo of an ultramodern skyscraper in Hong The Republic of China, as the government of Taiwan came to call itself, illustrates some of the most innovative architecture of experienced a high rate of economic development.
In the age of globalization, productivity can be found in the great commercial centers, both agriculture and industry increased rapidly.
One of the world's tallest land reforms benefited small commercial farmers.
In Japan and Korea, formal economic planning reached high levels.
Literacy rates and levels of technical training rose rapidly when money was poured into education.
The Taiwanese people experienced cultural and economic change as a result of the result.
Modern, Western-derived medicine and some of the urban entertainment forms popular elsewhere were expanded to allow simultaneous use.
The Taiwanese government was stable despite a number of new concerns.
The U.S.'s recognition of the People's Republic of China led to a decrease in official commitment to Taiwan.
The United States severed diplomatic ties with the Taiwanese regime in 1978 but there were still unofficial contacts through the American Institute in Taiwan and the Coordination Council for North American Affairs.
Japan was the nation's most important trading partner and ruler of industrial goods.
Taiwan and the communist regime in Beijing had some informal ties, although the communist regime in Beijing continued to claim the island as part of its territory.
The young islanders were emphasized.
The dock is for export to the US.
Political diversity was not encouraged because of a strong authoritarian strain.
The conditions in Singapore were similar to those in Taiwan in many ways.
In 1959 the government established from independence through tight controls over its citizens.
Sexual three decades; established tightly behavior and potential economic corruption, as well as more standard aspects of municipal regulation controlled authoritarian government, were scrutinized carefully.
The necessity of ruled through the People's Action party was declared unusual discipline and restraint because of the large population.
suppressing political diversity is one thing.
The opposition was suppressed by the People's Action party.
A combination of government controls and initiatives and free enterprise made the authoritarian political style more palatable.
Manufacturing and banking are the main sources of revenue for Singapore, which is the world's fourth largest port.
The major sectors were shipbuilding, electronics, textiles, and oil refining.
By the 1980s, Singapore's population had the second highest per capita income in Asia.