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17.4 RNA and Transcription
The base sequence can be written in the process of DNA replication.
Define the different types ofRNA.
Most of the nucleic acid found in the cell is Ribonucleic acid, which is involved in the transmission of genetic information.
Unbranched chains of nucleotides are the same as the ones in DNA.
ribose is the sugar found in RNA.
A double stranded RNA molecule is single stranded.
The size of the RNA molecule is much smaller than the DNA molecule.
Ribosomes have two parts, a large sub and a small sub.
Thousands of ribosomes are found in cells that synthesise large numbers of proteins.
The genetic information in the mRNA can be translated into the amino acid sequence with the help of tRNA.
There can be more than one tRNA for each of the 20 acids.
The transferRNAs have the same structure, consisting of 70 to 90 nucleotides.
There are some double-stranded regions.
The free OH group of the acceptor stem is attached to by anidase to the 3' end of the acceptor stem.
The 3' end of the anticodon loop is attached to an anticodon loop.
The process of transferring genetic information to the production of proteins is now being looked at.
The ribosomes bind with the mRNAs when they move out of the nucleus.
The section of a DNA molecule that contains the gene to be the DNA template strand differs from the rest of the molecule.
messenger RNA is used to code for the amino acids at the ribosomes.
T pairs with A and A pairs with U.
When one of the strands of DNA is used as a template, it undergoes transcription.
C G A T C A is the sequence of bases in the template strand.
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