German youth were appealed to by Hitler and the Nazis.
Hitler and most of his top aides were younger than other German politicians.
The official Nazi slogan was "National Socialism is the organized wil of the youth".
National recovery, exciting and rapid change, and personal advancement made Nazism appealing to millions of German youths.
The breakdown of democratic government caused Hitler to come to power.
The Great Depression convinced many voters that republican leaders were corrupt and stupid.
The republic's coffin was filled with disunity on the left.
Even though the Nazis outnumbered the Social Democrats in the Reichstag, the Communists refused to work with them.
Hitler excelled in backroom politics.
He was able to get the support of key people in the army and business who thought they could use him to their advantage.
Many politicians thought the same.
Hitler, leader of Germany's largest party, was legally appointed as German chancellor in 1933.
Hitler established a dictatorship very quickly.
When the Reichstag building was partially destroyed by fire in February 1933, Hitler blamed the Communist Party, and he convinced the President to sign emergency legislation that abolished freedom of speech and assembly.
In order to solidify his political power, he called for new elections.
The Communist Party was banned by Hitler after the Nazis won only 44 percent of the votes.
Students and professors burned forbidden books when publishing houses and universities were under Nazi control.
Modern art and architecture were banned.
By 1934, the dictatorship was largely in place.
Roughly a thousand Nazi storm troopers were ordered to shoot and arrest Hitler's personal guard in June 1934.
The army lead ers swore an oath of "unquestioning obedience" to Hitler after surrendering their independence.
The Gestapo and the political po lice were taken over by the Nazis under Himmler.
German Jews were an object of Nazi persecution from the beginning.
The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 stripped Jews of their rights of citizenship if they had more than one Jewish grandparent.
Roughly one-quarter of Germany's half million Jews had left in order to emigrate by the year 1938.
The attack on the Jews accelerated in the late 1930s.
The Nazis launched a series of attacks against Jews in Germany and Austria on November 9 and 10, 1938.
After the destruction of Jewish homes, shops, synagogues, and neighborhoods by German civilians and storm troopers, the event is known as Kristallnacht.
Many historians consider this night the beginning of Hitler's Final Solution against the Jews, and it became very difficult for Jews to leave Germany.
Some Germans privately opposed the outrages, but most went along with them.
The lack of response reflected the individual's helplessness in a totalitarian state and also the strong popular support for Hitler's government.
The economic recovery was promised by Hitler.
In 1935 Germany turned toward rearmament after the Nazi Party launched a large pub lic works program.
Unemployment dropped and the Nazis boasted of full employment.
The standard of living increased.
Business profits increased.
Constantly broadcasting official views and attitudes, the state-controlled media also put the Nazis' favorite entertainment on an invisible stage for millions.
For ordinary German citizens, Hitler's government meant greater equality and more opportunities.
Few historians think that Hitler and the Nazis brought about a social revolution.
The educated classes held on to most of their advantages and only modest social leveling occurred during the Nazi years.
The stereotypical view of women as house wives and mothers was shared by the Nazis and the Italian Fascists.
They had to mobilize large numbers of German women for office and factory work because of labor shortages during the war.
Support for the regime was supported by low unemploy ment and economic recovery as well as an aggressive propaganda effort heralding the Nazi state's successes.
A number of German groups resisted Hitler after 1933.
The Communists and Socialists were the main resisters in the first years of Hitler's rule.
There was a second group of opponents.
Their efforts were focused on preserving genuine religious life, not throwing Hitler.
During the war, some high-ranking army offi cers plotted against him, fearing the consequences of Hitler's aggression.