ChAPTER 41 -- Part 8: Globalization and Resistance
Expansion of intensive industrial development goals was a key issue.
During the cold war, the Soviet Union and its satellites caused extensive environmental dam age in regions like central Asia.
China's headlong industrial drive raised new concerns.
China's population of over a billion people was building on a resource base that was already severely deplete and degraded.
Much of the smoke that shrouded many cities was caused by industrial growth.
During the 2008 Olympics, Beijing planned to shut down manufacturing operations.
The United States was the greatest air polluter by 2001.
Multinationals based in Japan and the newly industrialized countries of east Asia are taking resources with abandon and the rain forest is disappearing more rapidly than in Brazil, according to reports.
Oxygen is sold in the streets of Mexico City.
The city is on the verge of a world-class bio/technic disaster.
At the turn of the 21st century, environmental issues have emerged as focal points of public debate and government policy in most human societies.
Nuclear chain reactions in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukranian caused a fireball that blew the steel and concrete lid off of the reactor.
The area surrounding the plant is still contaminated.
Many parts of the former Soviet union were damaged by the Chernobyl catastrophe.
The greenhouse effect caused by the build up in the atmosphere of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases has led to a warming of the planet.
Industrial waste and exhaust from cars, trucks, and other machines run by internal combustion engines are some of the main sources of the atmo spheric build up.
Other major sources of the greenhouse effect are both surprising and essential to the survival of large portions of humanity.
Methane is introduced into the atmosphere as a by-product of the stew of fertilized soil and water in rice paddies which feeds a majority of the peoples of Asia.
Flatulent cattle, which produce milk and meat for human populations over much of the globe, release methane.
Other gases have the same effects.
chlorofluorocarbons deplete the ozone layer and remove atmospheric protection from the ultraviolet rays coming from the sun.
Major shifts in temperatures and precipitation will be caused by global warming if scientific predictions are correct.
Fertile and well-watered areas are highly productive in food for humans and animals.
The most densely populated areas in the world are likely to be flooded if computer simulations are correct.
Many areas will be altered as climates change.
The rapid melting of glaciers in the Himalayas threatens to deprive India and China of water for irrigation.
Desert flora, scrub, and tropical vegetation can be used to replace the tress that die off in many regions.
Many animal species will become extinct if they can't adapt to rapid climate change.
The extinction of species has accelerated in recent decades.
In the 1990s and early 2000s, many species have disappeared before they could be listed on the international list.
Disease is usually involved in changes in global contacts.
The AIDS epidemic was spread by rapid international travel.
AIDS spread to the United States and western Europe, but southern and eastern Africa were hit the hardest.
In places like Brazil, the epidemic took on larger proportions.
The rate of increase in parts of Asia and Russia began to accelerate in the early 21st century.
These were areas that initially felt safe but where global contact eventually brought new levels of harm.
In 2003 there were fears of another global outbreak.
The response of international organizations proved essential.
The problem of contagious disease remained less severe than other epidemics associated with global contacts, although some experts warned of even greater disease problems in the future.
Disease may have been replaced by environmental issues on the global scale.
Disease patterns have long been characteristic of established industrial societies.
The leading source of mortality was replaced by diseases like heart disease and cancer.
The diseases were hard to control and accompanied growing life expectancy.
There are no clear solutions to the health concerns highlighted by global developments.
The 20th environmental concerns led to a new protest movement because of globalization.
The meetings of the World Bank and the industrial leaders were more than a century ago.
Huge demonstrations and some violence mark nationalism and religion.