ChAPTER 32 -- Part 10: Russia and Japan: Industrialization
Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910.
The map shows Japan's gains, but also limitations that frustrated Japanese nationalists.
The passion other Japanese displayed for Western fashions was resented by many Japanese conservatives.
The war between Japan and China was very troubling in a society that stressed the importance of parental authority.
There was tension in political life.
Japanese ministers were frustrated over rights to determine policy as political parties clashed with the Japanese victory.
The Diet and imperial aims were often dissolved because of the Western call for new elections.
Direct action impulses in the samurai tradition were reflected in the political assassinations and insistence that Japan withdraw from attempted assassinations.
There was another kind of tension in intellectual life.
There was enough adaptation to prevent the emergence of a full Russian-style intelligentsia in Japan.
Intellectuals were pessimistic about the loss of identity in a changing world.
There was confusion about a Japan that was no longer traditional, but not Western.
Do not accept charity or be loved by others.
Wear a mask.
Be prepared to hit the next man on the head at any time.
You are certain to break up with someone when you make friends with them.
Japanese leaders urged national loyalty and devotion to the emperor as an antidote to social and cultural insecurity.
The official message promoted Japanese virtues that the West lacked.
The nation is a single family and the imperial fam ily is our main house.
The people worship the imperial line with the same respect and love that a child has for his parents.
The special character of our national polity is the union of loyalty and filial piety.
Japanese nationalism was built on traditions of superiority, cohesion, and deference to rulers, as well as on the new tensions generated by rapid change.
In Japan, it became a deep force that played a unique role in justifying sacrifice and struggle in a national mission to preserve independence and dignity in a hostile world.
Japan avoided the revolutionary pressure that hit Russia, China, and other countries after 1900 because of nationalism, police suppression of dissent, and the sweeping changes of the early Meiji years.
Japan's success reminds us of how unusual it was.
The Western world was able to match its achievements.
Most of the rest of the world was concerned with adjusting to or resisting the threat of Japanese Western dominance.
The ability to emulate the Japanese pattern of rapid change seems to have increased in the West, with other parts of east Asia leading the pack.
During the Meiji era, Japanese leaders decided that Russia's world role was founded on its huge size and territorial expan to open the wave of globalization.
There were new twists in Japan during the 19th century.
Russian diplomats gained direct roles in western lines as they sought to be regarded as a great nation.
The conflicts with China and Russia took place in Europe.
Russian forces entered France as part of the coalition.
Napoleon was defeated by Japan.
A side result was the development of new economic success that would most clearly define its new taurants in France, called bistros, based on the Russian word for place in the world.
The Hungarian revolution Pacific region was put down by Russian armies in 1849.
Russia's involvement in Middle Eastern diplomacy resulted in Japan becoming a force to be reckoned with.
Russia extended its influence in eastern Asia, seizing new Japan, and the entry of Japan into world affairs contributed to impor territories in northern China and claimed a role elsewhere.
The col ision course is with Japan.
The rise of the sia, along with the globalization of the United States, added to the growing sense of competition between the established Western powers.
Japan's surge promoted international styles in art.
Japan had only experienced one previous attempt by the new powers added directly to the competitive atmosphere, the late-16th century invasion of the Far East.
Compare the industrialization process in Russia and Japan.
Early industrialization in western Europe was a constructive part of Confucianism.
Explain why Japan was able to introduce fundamental change without provoking a revolution.
The 19th century was a time of new contacts.
Railroads, steamships, and the telegraph gave unprecedented speed and volume for the movement of people, goods, and news.