Public opinion can act as a check on the president.
The Senate needs to approve presidential appointments by two-thirds.
After a bill is introduced, it is sent to the standing committee for review, which is considered the first reading.
If further information on the bill is needed, the correct order is A, E, B, and D.
The Twelfth Amendment states that each elector casts two ballots, one for president and one for vice president.
State legislatures don't have a say in the president's choice.
Electoral votes are cast according to the state's popular vote.
Although federal law doesn't require electors to vote for their party's candidate, a few states do.
If an issue is unsuccessful in gaining the support of Congress, interest groups will take it to court.
The choices regarding interest groups are true.
A certificate is used to bring a case to the Supreme Court.
Conservatism is not a principle found in the Constitution.
The concept of popular sovereignty is that government exists with the consent of the governed.
Government power is restricted under the principle of limited government.
The power of courts to determine the constitutionality of legislative and executive actions is one aspect of the principle of checks and balances.
Federalism is the division of powers between a national government and regional governments.
The drawing of electoral districts in order to favor one political party or candidate is known as gerrymander.
The other choices don't describe the situation.
The social contract theory was written by John Locke and supported by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence.
The European belief is that monarchs derive their power from God.
Democracy is a system of many groups pulling government in many directions at the same time, according to Hyperpluralism.
The elite theory says that governmental power is in the hands of a small elite.
There is no state theory.
A court can act on the constitutionality of a law.
The presidential control of the regulatory commission is independent.
The federal budget is managed by the president.
The president can make appointments with the consent of the Senate.
The president is in charge of the armed forces.
The president has the power to grant pardons.
In the presidential election contest, state primaries and caucuses occur earliest.
The selection of the running mate is the next stage.
The popular election is followed by the electoral college election.
The majority opinion is submitted by justices who agree with the court's decision.
A concurring opinion is submitted by a justice or justices who agree with the majority decision but have different reasons for doing so.
Dissenting opinions are submitted by justices who disagree with the majority opinion.
The decisions of the Court may be explained by all three.
Lobbyists try to bring influence to the workings of government.
Civil disobedience and violence are not usually used by successful interest groups.
The methods frequently used by interest groups are the remaining answer choices.
The poll tax was abolished by the Twenty-Fourth Amendment.
The dates of the terms of the president and vice president were set by the Twentieth Amendment.
The Eighteenth Amendment established prohibition, while the Twenty-First Amendment repealed it.
Gatekeepers include media executives, news editors, and prominent reporters who decide what to present.
The roles of the members of Congress are represented by the remaining answer choices.
A representative who is interested in assisting people with their problems is called a constituent servant.
A member of Congress makes public policy through the passage of legislation.
The vote of a delegate is based on the wishes of the people they represent.
A Trustee is a person who votes based on his or her own opinions.
The president has the power to grant a pardon to a group of people who have committed crimes against the government.
Men who left the United States during the Vietnam Conflict to avoid the draft were granted a pardon by President Gerald Ford.
The power to establish agencies of the federal bureaucracy is given to Congress by the Constitution.
An independent agency is an agency of the executive branch that does not fall under the jurisdiction of a cabinet-level department.
The Equal Opportunity Employment Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency are examples.
"Court packing" is the term used to describe President Franklin Roosevelt's plan to increase the size of the Supreme Court by allowing the appointment of justices who were more likely to support Roosevelt's New Deal legislation.
The plan was never implemented.
The speaker of the House is the leader of the House.
The majority party in the House chooses the speaker.
The majority leader and majority whip are not the president.
Political parties can't get votes from interest groups.
Interest groups create interest in public affairs, encourage political participation by the people, provide information to the government on issues they represent, and help provide for the system of checks and balance through their monitoring functions.
The Twelfth Amendment allows for the election of the president and vice president by separate ballots.
Each elector would cast two votes before the amendment was voted on.
The candidate with the largest number of electoral votes became president, while the candidate with the second highest number of votes became vice president.
After the election of 1800, the Twelfth Amendment was added.
Jefferson became president after a long battle in the House of Representatives.
The Constitution doesn't refer to political parties because they didn't start until George Washington's second administration.
The differences between the House and Senate versions of a bill are iron out by conference committees.
The goal is for a compromise bill to be passed by the House and Senate and sent to the president for signature or veto.
The trial courts are in the federal court system.
The trial courts are not referred to in the remaining answer choices.
If the president vetoes a bill, it is sent back to Congress, where it can be voted on by both houses.
The individual liberties of the American people are not limited by the Constitution.
The Bill of Rights guarantees many rights to the people.
Cooperative federalism includes block grants, revenue sharing, and federal grants-in-aid.
State responsibility about how grant money should be spent is a step away from cooperative federalism.
The federal court system was established by the Constitution.
The legislative branch is described in article I, while the executive branch is described in article II.
The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren was the most active in increasing the rights of the accused.
The House of Representatives does not have the power to approve the Senate's motion to approve it.
Straight-ticket voting is easier because the party-column ballot only lists the party members running for each office.
The types of presidential character that James David Barber classified were active positive, active-negative, passive-positive, and passive-negative.
Positiveassertive was not a classification.
The total value is 4 points for each correct explanation of the right to vote and 2 points for each correct example.
Five suggested answers or completions are followed by each of the questions or incomplete statements.
Pick the one that is best in each case and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.
The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States was Thurgood Marshall.
The Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Supreme Court must approve the nomination of a new vice president.
Mobility of the electorate II can cause a low percentage of voter turnout.
The War Powers Resolution requires the president to inform Congress within 48 hours of any commitment of American troops abroad.
The first political parties in America were the Democrats and the Republicans.
You have 100 minutes to answer all the questions.
If the directions don't say so, respond to all of the questions.
You should take a few minutes to plan and outline each answer.
As the question is numbered below, make sure to number your answers.
If you need more space, use a separate sheet of paper.
Groups exert a lot of influence over public policy.
Strategies designed to achieve the president's public policy goals are used in relationships between Congress and the courts.
The candidates must be nominated and elected in both presidential and congressional campaigns.
There are major differences between congressional and presidential campaigns.
According to Richard Neustadt, a president's power comes from being able to persuade others to do what he or she wants.
Thurgood Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court by Lyndon Johnson.
The first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was John Marshall.
The Supreme Court had two justices.
Clarence Thomas is a justice on the Supreme Court.
The House of Representatives is elected every two years.
Religious qualifications for voting were eliminated in the early 19th century.
The Nineteenth Amendment eliminated gender disqualifications in 1920.
The Twenty-Fourth Amendment eliminated poll taxes in federal elections in 1964.
The passage of the Fifteenth Amendment eliminated race disqualifications in 1870.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965, eliminated literary tests.
The Twenty-Fifth Amendment requires both houses of Congress to approve the nomination of a vice president.
Candidates for office are not nominated by interest groups.
Choices describe the activities of political parties.
Interest groups and political parties don't try to influence the president.
Congress has the power to tax.
The executive branch and the judicial branch are established in the same article.
The supremacy of the Constitution is established by article VI (D), which deals with relationships among the states.