Edited Invalid date
Chapter 8 -- Part 4:
Students' attitudes and approach to standardized tests can affect their performance according to Claude Steele.
According to Steele, African-American students face additional pres sures in that a poor performance can be seen as confirmation of negative stereotypes about African Americans as a group.
African-American and white students were given a test composed of difficult verbal items from the Graduate Record Examination.
The results showed that African-American students who thought they were solving problems performed better than white students who did the same.
The African-American students who were told that the test measured their intellectual potential performed worse than the other students.
All students were asked to write down their race before taking the test.
African-American students who felt they were being evaluated as a group tried to deal with stereotype vulnerability by increasing their efforts, which led them to work inefficiently and inaccurately.
Some attempts to reduce the impact of stereotype threat on test performance have led to increases in test performance, however it does appear that stereotype threat can have an effect.
There are scientific, political, and social implications to the debate over test scores.
According to Herrnstein and Murray, there are differences in intelligence among different groups.
IQ scores can be used to determine such attributes and behaviors as em ployment, income, welfare dependence, and quality of parental behavior.
Low IQ is the best explanation of why some people never get off welfare, why crime is rampant in the inner cities, and why so many teenage girls get pregnant.
The argument suggests that educational and social welfare programs will have limited effectiveness because heredity is primarily responsible for the problems of low-income groups.
A number of researchers have pointed out that intelligence does matter and that intelligence scores are related to job training and performance.
Critics note that Herrnstein and Murray fail to distinguish between correlation and causation and thus draw inap propriate conclusions.
It's true that people living below the poverty line are more likely to have lower IQs and poorer health.
We don't know if cause-and-effect relations exist among these behaviors.
Lack of financial resources and inadequate schooling are some of the environmental factors that could lead to these behaviors.
The debate over how to interpret IQ scores will be going on for a long time.
The issue is complex and the evidence suggests that performance on stan dardized tests reflects genetic and environmental factors.
Group differences can be shown to be based on test scores.
There is a lot of overlap among all groups in test scores.
The widely used test was Binet's tests.
There are three characteristics of a good psychological test.
Studies of testing procedures for adopted children.
The majority of the scores are clustered around a question about one's race, with fewer scores found at either extreme.
An assignment has been given to you by your professor.
Evidence supports the idea that intel igence is graduate.
The idea of identifying the things you enjoy doing is supported by the evidence.
The concept is defined by the fact that the geometric figure has the letters SQuaRe, 4 and ciRcLe in it.
The contents of glass 2 should be poured into glass 5.
Coins 1, 2, 4, and 6 are already in place.
Review flashcards and saved quizzes
Getting your flashcards
Privacy & Terms