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39.2 The Human Skeletal System -- Part 4
The shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees are all examples of the same joint.
In the knee, the bones are capped by a layer of articular cartilage.
Menisci are crescent-shaped pieces of cartilage.
There are bones between the "escent" lie.
The weight on the knee joint is supported by these.
Athletes often suffer injury of the meniscus.
There are sacs around the knee joint.
There is a lot of tension between the tendons and bones.
Inflammation of the bursae is called bursitis.
bursitis is a form of tennis elbow.
A synovial joint is an example of the knee.
The bones are lined with a synovial membrane.
The quadriceps tendon is guided by the kneecap when it's over the joint.
There are different types of joints.
Americans have some degree of chronic joint pain, and arthritis is the leading cause of work disability in the United States.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is caused by the degradation of the cartilage in one or more joints.
The hands, knees, hips, lower back, and neck are all affected.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the immune system attacks the joints for reasons that are not well understood.
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