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8.3 Atomic Spectroscopy and the Bohr Model

- Many of the elements' properties are dependent on their electrons.
- If an electron is transferred from one atom to another, it depends on the relative energies of the two atoms.

- In the following paragraphs, we describe the probability distribution maps for energy tron states in which the electron has well-defined energy but not well-defined position.

- The spatial distribution of atomic electrons is important to bonding.

- An operator transforms the equation for the atom of interest into the equation for the electrons in atoms.
- Another mathematical function is the general form of a mathematical function.

- Many possible wave functions can be achieved with the solutions to the Schrodinger Equation.
- We don't examine the wave functions in detail in the book.
- We have graphical representations of the orbitals that correspond to the wave functions.

- The quantum numbers all have values that are in the range of integer values.

- The orientation of the electron is determined by the model.
- We look at each number individually.

- Coulomb's law describes its interaction with the nucleus.

- The shape of the orbital is determined by the angular momentum quantum number.
- These shapes will be considered in Section 8.6.

- The orientation of the orbital is determined by the magnetic quantum number.

- The orientations will be considered in Section 8.6.

- It's something of a metaphor.
- The spin is a fundamental property of the electron.
- One correct way to say that an electron does not have more spin than another is to say that all electrons have the same amount of inertia.

- Section 9.3 begins to consider how electrons occupy orbitals when the spin quantum number becomes important.
- We only look at the first three numbers.

- There are two sublevels at the 2 level.

- There are five orbitals, and so on.

- There are nine orbitals at the 3 level.

- Each set of quantum numbers is supposed to specify an orbital.
- One set is incorrect.

- Each set of quantum numbers is supposed to have an orbital.
- One quantum number is not allowed in each set.
- The quantum number that is not allowed should be replaced with one that is allowed.

- The atomic spectrum of atoms is explained by quantum theory.

- The electron is excited by the unstable energy level.

- The electron relaxes to a lower-energy level, releasing energy in the form of radiation.

- It releases a photon of light that is equal to the energy difference between the two levels.

- Positive energy of a photon is carried away by the atom.

- The wavelength and Frequency of the photon are determined by this energy.

- There is a wavelength of .
- The green is 486 nm.
- Light that is higher in energy and shorter in wavelength is produced by transitions between orbitals that are closer together.

- The wavelength of the emitted light was asked.

- The wavelength corresponding to a photon of this energy is calculated using Equation 8.3.

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