A major issue for Australia is the influx of global refugees.
More than 20,000 asylum seekers applied for admission to the country.
Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Iraq, and Iran were major source areas for arriving boat people.
While many Australians are proud of permitting refugees to relocate there, critics note that more than a billion dollars was spent to operate detention centers where refugees are processed and housed while awaiting decisions regarding asylum.
The summit of allied places held on existing U.S. military bases in Japan, Philip island nations in Fiji and South Korea reinforced the connections.
Taiwan depends on the votes of the UN in order to be a major political and military player in the region.
When China protested to increased aid to sympathetic Pacific nations, it was clear that the U.S. shift was a thinly veiled policy of containment.
Not to be overlooked are Australia and New Zealand, both of which still play important roles in the South Pacific.
Special colonial relationships Marines near Darwin in northern Australia by 2016 will still connect these two nations with many Pacific islands.
Although the U.S. military understandably does Australia maintain close political ties to its former colony not publicize its lily-pad bases, there are new of New Zealand's continuing con or recently revitalized military bases in Australia's Cocos trol over Niue.
How these two countries will respond to China's expansion is not clear.
The U.S. has a base on the Marshall Islands.
After Germany's defeat in World War I, the Japanese took over the island and used it as a trading center.
The command center for postwar American nuclear testing was taken over by the U.S. Army in 1944.
The Ronald Reagan Missile Defense Test Site includes the Kwajalein base.
Discuss how the landscape has changed since 1941.
China is Australia's number one trade partner, but it also has political ties to North America.
Increasing Ties to Asia have to choose between the United States and China, as with all other world regions, the Pacific region contains a between China and Taiwan.
Small island states may find a conciliatory stance more problematic due to the diversity of economic situations.
pockets of less likely to produce supportive flows of economic aid and large economic disparity exist within Australia and New Zealand
The labor market that ranges between 0 and 1 is reflected in the 3 gender inequality index.
List the five nations with the lowest GNI per capita.
Much of Australia's economic wealth has been built on cheap exploitation and export of raw materials.
Australia's economy has been supported by export-oriented agriculture.
Australian agriculture is highly productive in terms of labor input and produces a wide range of crops and meat for world markets.
Although farm exports are important to the economy, the mining sector has grown more rapidly since 1970, making Australia one of the world's mining superpowers.
Australia is the world's largest exporter of iron and coal.
Although a recent is one of the world's largest mining corporations, the long-term economic future of the New South Wales-based Broken Hill Proprietary Company is promising.
Australia's willingness to sell its resources hurt the resource-oriented economy of Western because of China's slump in commodity prices.
The expansion of energy and mineral resources, as well as the tourism industry, is helping to diversify the nation's economy.
Cotton farms and cattle ranches make up 7 percent of the nation's workforce.
Austra tourists purchase a lot of Chinese consumer goods.
Australia's popular destinations include Melbourne ourists and Sydney, as well as the Gold Coast and the Great Barrier Reef, which add to the local economy.
Along with keeping Australian lifeguards, blackjack dealers, and real Gold Coast, many luxury hotels are owned by Japanese firms.
88,000 Chinese students attend Australian universities and provide a bilingual resort experience.
Australia is less well-off than New Zealand because it has less economic links with Asian markets.
New Zealand exported a lot of agricultural products to the United Kingdom before the 1970s.
When Britain joined the European Union in 1973, these colonial trade links became problematic.
New Zealand doesn't have a rich base of mineral resources to export to global markets.
Australia is a key beneficiary of China's recent economic growth due to the fact that consumer goods flow from China into the country.
One challenge for the government will be to translate the reforms.
Tax rates fell and many state-run energy-related wealth was privatized.
New Zealand has 8 million residents.
Some native populations survive on fish, coconuts, bananas, and yams, but many islands export food products.
Large subsidies from either France or the United nations are enjoyed by some island groups.
One way of life is oriented around the States, even though support can come from politi economies.
China is involved with economic places, a commercial economy dominates, and development plans often imply political support.
More than one-third of Elsewhere, including Hawaii, derives its income from tourist dollars.
Tourism has changed the economic geography of many more than 8 million visitors annually, forever changing how people make a living.