The Mapplethorpe exhibition was canceled due to political pressure.
The museum director was arrested for obscenity when the show was shown in Cincinnati in 1990.
The "NEA Four" were awarded grants by the NEA because of their art's lesbian, gay, or feminist content.
The artist and the Victoria Miro Gallery in London received an award for the diverse beliefs and values of the American public.
The NEA's budget was slashed by 40 percent by the Republican-controlled House of Representatives over the next few years.
There are pornographic photographs of women's buttocks and a stylized African Madonna on a large canvas.
Many African nations have a tradition of using found objects and materials in both popular and high art, according to Ofili.
The elephant dung was used to reinforce this (59.7 x 40.6 cm).
When the Brooklyn Museum refused Mayor Giuliani's response to a work's appearance and questions about its demands to cancel the show, the mayor withheld the city's artistic and cultural value.
When tax monthly maintenance payment to the museum is used to finance projects that some find objectionable, such concerns grow.
The museum filed for an injunction against misperceptions or disagreement about the art's meaning because of a number of reasons.
In the early 1980s, there were two public projects that gained a great First Amendment.
Giuliani was barred from punishing or retaliating against the public by a federal district court.
A comparison shows the contentiousness of the museum.
Guiliani contemporary art in the public realm and asks us to con had argued that Ofili's art fostered religious intolerance, sider its place in the world today.
It was impossible to hold con from moral outcry over artists' use of sexual or religious certs when debates over public funding of art crossed the plaza.
The steel weathered over time.
The art produced for public rusty brown became covered with pigeon droppings.
Art has been used as propa and graffiti.
The sculpture of Serra was removed from a Brooklyn parking lot in 1986 to commemorate historical Serra's sculpture was removed from a Brooklyn parking lot in 1986 to commemorate historical Serra's sculpture was removed from a Brooklyn parking lot in 1986 to commemorate historical Serra's sculpture was removed from a Brooklyn parking Today's community and critics are more likely to be involved in public art controversies than in the past.
A student at Yale University proposed a simple and dramatic memorial cut memorial.
Lin's use of a V shape as a depar into the ground as a symbol of healing from the divisive war was seen by others as a symbol of ture from the representational monuments often used to national healing over the divisive war.
The sculpture is of war heroes.
In response to the criticism, the Viet made of two highly polished black granite slabs that reach the Veterans Memorial Fund commissioned Frederick out from deep in the earth at the center.
They meet at a 130 degree angle where they are a memorial depicting three soldiers, which was placed 10 feet tall.
The names of 58,272 American soldiers killed from the wall and a sculpture of three nurses missing in action during the Vietnam War are both by Glenda Goodacre.
300 feet to the south of where they died or were lost, was added the order in which they died or were lost.
The memorial's unique qualities may explain the differing pub both to commemorate the dead and missing and to pro lic responses to each.
There is a place where survivors can confront their own loss.
The International Scene since the 1950s was meant to heighten the viewer's awareness.
Lin's sculpture seems to grow in height, impressing visitors physically with the sheer magnitude of inscribed names as they walk the lengthy path.
Lin uses polished granite that reflects the faces of visitors as they read names of the dead and missing.
The viewer now bears witness to the national tragedy of the war and the effect is to humanize the written words.
Neighborhood groups and local officials meet with artists well in advance of public commission, but rarely are all parties completely satisfied.
In the 1980s and 1990s, computer-aided design programs with 3-D graphics transformed architecture.
The load-bearing steel skeleton, composed of giant masts and girders, is on the exte.
The stories hang from it, making a possible shape of a glass box.
There are rows of windows that fill the building experiment with natural light.
There are motorized "sunscoops" at the top.
The structure track the sun's rays and channel them into use of materials, equipment, and architectural components the building, pouring additional daylight into a ten-story and frequently by a visible display of service systems such as the banking hall in the lower part is what these buildings are characterized by.
British architect Norman Foster took two bronze lions and placed them in this design.
The most spectacular examples of High Tech architecture can be found at the bank's previous headquarters.
Foster was invited to spare no expense in designing this which is believed to bring good luck.
Deconstructivist architecture meet at unexpected angles, and jut out dramatically into space, denying a sense of visual unity or structural coherence but creating a feeling of immediacy, speed, and dyna Tech, emerged in the early 1990s.
The building's function is not appropriate for deconstructivist architects.
Dynamic Deconstructivist forms are created.
The Russian aesthetic has curved, winglike shapes that extend far beyond the Suprematists and Constructivists.
His buildings are a solid mass.
In the 1990s, the designing of art muse Deconstruction claims that written texts have become more and more spectacular as they have no single, intrinsic meaning that defines the visual landscape of cities.