Edited Invalid date
ChAPTER 9 -- Part 3: The Spread of Civilizations and the
1100 degrees Fahrenheit is needed for the production of city-states.
The artistic traditions in that region drew from the cultural tradition.
Ife became a kind of aristocracy.
The spread of agriculture and later of iron was accompanied by a great movement of people from the Nok Culture.
People fled the drying of the Sahara in eastern movement.
Most of the languages south of a line from rivers are part of the Bantu family.
The process is uncertain and may have caused the Bantu expansion.
The migrations moved to the central Sudan and then into the forests of west and central Africa.
The means of movement were provided by the rivers.
Bantu peoples traveled from central Africa to the east coast, where they met people from a different tradition.
Bantu depended on both fishing and agriculture.
People's lives changed as a result of the migrations.
Some regions have developed long-distance trade in pottery, metals, canoes, and crafts.
In many places ritual forms of kingship reinforced by elaborate cer emonies replaced older systems of authority based on age or kinship.
The societies gave birth to wisdom.
A child is very rare.
A child is like a precious coral.
You can't buy a child on the market.
The child you can buy for money is a slave.
A child is the only one who gives us joy.
One shouldn't get too excited over a child.
Is it the one who has had a child?
In about a thousand years, the Bantu-speaking peoples spread their languages and cultures among the existing populations, absorbing the original peoples and being absorbed by them.
The Bantu peoples had reached the southern end of the continent by the 13th century.
Sorghum's progress stopped because of the winter rains.
The earlier inhabitants stayed farther to the south.
Africa's major features were in place by that time.
There are societies left in Africa that have ironworking knowledge.
There are pockets of people who are not speaking Bantu.
The cultures of sub-Saharan Africa and Egypt are similar in many ways, such as brother-sister marriage among rulers and certain rituals when a ruler takes office.
There is extensive contact between Egypt and peoples living in the Sudan and northern Ethiopia along the Nile valley.
In Chapter 2, we talked about the contacts with Egypt and the fact that the capitals of the Kushites were influenced by Egyptian culture.
The mineral ores and fuels were needed to make iron on a large scale.
Meroe flourished because of the technology and trade with Egypt and the Mediterranean.
Meroe was not the only one.
The eastern Sudan and Ethiopia region had other town-based societies.
Around the 1st century c.e., the kingdom of Axum was more important than Meroe.
Another cultural stream was introduced into Africa.
It seems to have been influenced by settlers from the Arabian peninsula.
It traded with Alexandrian Egypt, Rome, Byzantium, and India.
A fusion of cultural elements resulted from those contacts.
The Red Sea in Yemen on the Arabian peninsula was where Axum was involved in military and political affairs.
By the 3rd century c.e., Meroe was defeated by Axum, which became the dominant power in the horn of Africa.
Cross-fertilization of cultures across the Red Sea can be seen in the history of Axum.
The influence and contact between this African kingdom and the outside world goes back a long way.
Much of the distinctive culture of Christian Ethiopia can be traced back to the civilization of Axum.
The site of the kings of the Mediterranean and western Asia was used to mark the burial of other people.
The largest is shown and practiced.
In the 4th century c.e., the defeated leaders of Meroe moved west into the Sudan and established themselves at Kordofan.
Their influence may have extended further west.
Egypt, Arabia, and even Persia are believed to be the original home of the royal families and ancient kingdoms in west Africa.
Review flashcards and saved quizzes
Getting your flashcards
Privacy & Terms