If you mold your facial muscles to mimic an emotional state, it is thought that you will be activated by the associated emotion.
If you move your muscles to make facial expressions, you will experience your emotions in a different way.
The theory says that when you experience a stimuli, you have a bodily response.
You feel the emotion after that.
The muscles used to create a facial expressiontrigger your experience of emotion according to this hypothesis.
The cheek muscles draw up into a smile when you hold a pencil this way.
The cheek muscles draw down into a frown when you hold a pencil this way.
Your emotions are affected by the resulting expression.
Those in a posed smile found the cartoons the funniest.
Another team of researchers failed to replicate this effect using slightly different methods.
The idea that changing facial expression alters emotions has been shown many times.
Walter B. Cannon said in 1927 that the human mind and the human body don't experience emotions at the same speed.
The brain is quick to experience emotions.
The body takes at least a second or two to respond.
Cannon said that many emotions produce similar bodily responses.
Anger, excitement, and sexual interest all have the same changes in heart rate and blood pressure.
It is hard for people to determine which emotion they are feeling quickly.
Cannon and Philip Bard proposed that the mind and body experience emotions on their own.
The Cannon- Bard theory states that the information from an emotion is processed in the brain.
You experience an emotion and a physical reaction at the same time as a result of this processing.
The man's brain processes information.
Both the emotion of fear and bodily changes occur at the same time due to how parts increase in heart rate.
The information is processed in your brain when you experience a stimulation.
The theory says that when you experience a stimuli, you have a bodily response.
You apply an emotion label to explain the changes.
A two- factor theory of emotion was proposed by the social psychologists.
This theory is influenced by the cognitive label and states that a situation evokes both a arousal and explain the changes we have experienced.
The emotion label is a cognitive interpretation.
When you experience arousal, you search for its source so you can explain it.
The man feels an increase in his heart rate.
The man thinks that his heart rate went up because of the bear.
The feeling of fear is caused by the interpretation of the bodily response.
Most researchers agree that thought processes, including interpretation of bodily responses, are a part of emotions.
The search for a cognitive explanation is easy to do.
You know the event that led to your emotional state.
The two- factor theory suggests that if you believe that the emotion was caused, you can label it.
According to the two- factor theory, physical states caused by a situation can be attributed to the wrong emotion.
Researchers tried to find out if people could feel romantic attraction through misattribution.
The heterosexual male chose to cross either of the two bridges over the Capilano River.
A narrow suspension bridge with a low rail swayed 230 feet above raging, rocky rapids.
The bridge above the river was a modern one.
An attractive female research assistant interviewed a man at the middle of each bridge.
She offered to explain the results of the study at a later date if he was interested, after giving him her phone number.
The theory of emotion says that the less stable bridge would cause bodily arousal.
The arousal could be attributed to the interviewer.
Men were walking across her for a date.
The study could be affected by many possible confounds, as you learned in study on the bridge, and the men who unit 1.11, confounds are factors that provide an alternative explanation for what is crossed on a safer bridge.
This result was found in a study.
The general mis attributed their responses.
They assumed their fast idea that people can mistake arousal for attraction has been supported by other heartbeats and increased sweating.
According to The Methods of Psychology, arousal may be related to being attracted to the female, as well as other factors, such as feeling very happy and excited, or not being scared by crossing the high bridge.
A person's beliefs about an emotion will affect how they experience it.
The participants were injected with a drug.
The drug the participants were given might make them feel shaky, cause their hearts to beat faster, and make their faces feel flushed.
The effects of taking adrenaline on bodily activities are physical.
The participants weren't told anything about the drug's effects.
The participants were exposed to someone who was working with the researchers.
The person was playing with a hula hoop and making paper airplanes.
Each participant was seated with a researcher.
Both the participant and the person working with the researchers were asked to fill out a questionnaire that included very insulting questions, such as a question that implied their mothers had cheated on their fathers.
The person working with the researchers tore up the questionnaire and walked out of the room.
Behavioral indicators of happiness include joining in the fun.
Agreeing with an angry person is one of the behavioral indicators of anger.
Participants were asked if they felt happy or angry.
When participants were told how their bodies would respond to the drug, they had an easy explanation for their arousal.
They said it was due to theAdrenaline, not the situation.
When participants were not given information about its effects, they looked to the environment to explain or label their responses.
The informed participants didn't react in the same way.
The actions of the person working with the researchers did not affect the participants.
Complete the learning goal activities to maximize your learning.
Write your own explanations of bold and italic terms.
The body and the brain influence emotions by being summarized in a table.
Different theories of emotion focus on the idea that you feel something based on how your body or brain responds to a situation.
You feel afraid because you see a bear and your heart beats fast, or because your brain processes information about the bear.
Let's take a closer look at what parts of your body and brain influence your experience of emotions.
Some research suggests that your body responds the same way to different emotions.
The circumplex model of emotions suggests that this type of response may occur if all emotions share core physical properties related to arousal.
The maps show the areas of the body that are more active in warm colors and less active in cool colors.
The color bar shows the extent of activity increasing or decreasing.
It would be difficult to distinguish based on bodily responses alone.
Many of the bodily responses to emotion produced by the autonomic nervous system may overlap.
Some research suggests that your body responds differently when you experience certain emotions.
If each emotion has a specific pattern of bodily responses from the autonomic nervous system, this type of response may happen.
Research shows that certain emotional states influence the body in predictable ways.
Your heart beats faster when you are frightened.
Alterations in blood pressure, blood temperature, breathing rate, and pupil size are some of the bodily responses associated with emotional states.
To study the relationship between bodily responses and specific emotions, the researchers asked people from different cultures to use a computer program to color what areas of the body were involved in feeling different emotions.
Emotions were experienced by having participants imagine the emotions, read short stories, or watch movies.
The participants reported that certain body parts were activated when they felt certain emotions.
Specific emotions were characterized by different patterns of activity in the body.
According to the researchers, people's perception of their bodily responses may play a role in how different emotions are experienced.
The feeling of happy or angry is not the result of bodily processes.
The subcortical region of the amygdala is the most important part of the brain for understanding emotion.
The stimuli generate immediate emotional and behavioral reactions.
The brain structure most important for emotional learning has been established by LeDoux and his colleagues.
Remember how fear Patient S.P.
is an example of emotional learning.
Being shocked each time an object is shown.
The lines show perspiration.
Consider the case of S.P.
People are successful in a classical conditioning task.
She doesn't show fear conditioning because she learns to fear a blue square lectual abilities.
The person with an intact amygdala will show increased sweat also shown by increased sweating.
never learned the conditioned fear response to the blue square and didn't show increased sweating because he didn't associate the electrical shock with the amygdala.
She doesn't show increased sweating because she doesn't have a fear response to the blue square.
The amygdala contributes to the processing of emotions through a fast path and a slow path.
The fast pathway is a system that processes sensory information quickly.
The thalamus is where all sensory information goes before going on to other brain structures and the cortexample.
An object that looks like a snake can be found on a hiking trail.
You can take action to avoid the snake by following the fast path.
The second path is slower, but it leads to more thorough evaluation of information.
Sensory information travels from the thalamus to the cortex where it is analyzed before it is passed to the amygdala.
You can step right over the stick that you saw on the trail if you take the time to slow down.
Theorists believe that the fast system prepares animals to respond to a threat if the slower pathway confirms the threat.
Even if you don't want to remember the event, emotional events are likely to be stored in memory and will persist over time.
The amygdala is involved in this process.
People with amygdala damage tend to be friendly with strangers.
We can potentially avoid harmful situations if we remember this adaptive mechanism.
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