The war proved that the British government's strategy to consolidate their power in North America was not an effective one.
The prohibition of Anglo-American settlement in Indian country caused discontent.
Crevecoeur suggested that America was a melting pot of self-reliant individual landholders, fiercely independent in pursuit of their own interests, and free from the burdens of European class systems.
The Seven Years' War pushed the thirteen American colonies closer together politically and culturally than ever before.
At the Albany Congress in 1754, Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan of union.
Thousands of colonials fought in the war.
At home, many heard or read sermons that portrayed the war as a struggle between civilizations with liberty-loving Britons arrayed against tyrant Frenchmen and savage Indians.
As a result of their collective victory, American colonists felt peace and prosperity.
They looked to the newly acquired lands west of the Appalachian Mountains as their reward after seven decades of warfare.
Imperial reforms on taxation, commerce, and politics were spurred by the Seven Years' War.
As new territory required new security obligations, Britain spent over PS140 million on the day.
The colonies were asked by Britain to share the costs of their own security.
Parliament started legislating over all the colonies in a way that was never done before.
The colonies began to see themselves as a collective group.
Civil liberties like protection from jury trials and unlawful searches were eroded by Britain's increasingly restrictive policies.
The rise of an antislavery movement made some worry that slavery would be attacked.
The moratorium on new settlements in the West was disappointing.
Americans had never been more united.
They realized that they were not considered full British citizens.
British liberties were seen as threats by Americans across the colonies.
The Stamp Act Congress of 1765 brought colonial leaders together in an unprecedented show of cooperation against taxes imposed by Parliament, and popular boycotts of British goods created a common narrative of sacrifice, resistance, and shared political identity.
A rebellion was imminent.
Emily Arendt, John Blanton, Alexander Burns, Mary Draper, Jamie Goodall, Jane Fiegen Green, Hendrick Isom, Kathryn Lasdow, Allison Madar, and Brooke Palmieri contributed to this chapter.
The revolution before 1776 is called Becoming America.
Cities and the American Revolution are some of the topics covered in Rebels Rising.
Hackel, Brayman, and Kelly are authors.
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