The provinces were restored to their previous status and the Maryland government was forced out by the settlers.
They launched several assaults against French Canada as part of King William's War, and they were happy that Parliament passed a Bill of Rights in 1689 that curbed the power of the monarchy.
It was a "glorious" revolution for the English as it united them in a Protestant empire that stood against Catholic tyranny and French power.
Several new settlements joined the two original colonies of Virginia and Massachusetts in the 17th century.
In 1632, Charles I set aside 12 million acres of land for a second colony in America.
Maryland was given to Charles's friend and political ally, the second Lord Baltimore.
Calvert wanted to create a haven for fellow Catholics and gain more wealth from the colony.
Many of the faith in England were harassed by the Protestant majority and some considered moving to America.
Lord Baltimore's plan to create a colony that would demonstrate that Catholics and Protestants could live together peacefully was supported by Charles I, a Catholic sympathizer.
Both Protestant and Catholic settlers arrived in Maryland in 1634.
Maryland was a tobacco colony without the growing pains of Virginia.
Lord Baltimore's hopes of a diverse Christian colony were not realized.
The majority of colonists were Protestants.
Many of these Protestants were angry with Virginia for trying to force adherence to the Church of England.
The Puritans created a new government that banned both Catholicism and Anglicanism.
The revolt was put down in 1658 by Governor William Stone.
The province became a royal colony after the Calverts lost control of Maryland.
Religion was a motivating factor in the creation of several colonies, including the New England colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island.
The settlements that would eventually compose chApter 3 Connecticut were in Saybrook and New Haven.
The area around Boston was becoming more crowded and Thomas Hooker and his congregation left Massachusetts for Connecticut.
The Connecticut River Valley was large enough for more farming.
In June 1636, Hooker led one hundred people and a variety of livestock in setting up their new home.
The found ers attempted a new experiment in Puritanism at New Haven Colony.
In 1638, John Davenport and other Puritans settled in the New Haven area of the Connecticut River Valley.
The governor of New Haven Colony was named in 1642.
Three men who signed the death warrant for Charles I were hiding in New Haven.
The colony became poorer and weaker as a result of this.
New Haven was absorbed into Connecticut in 1665, but its religious tradition remained.
Rhode Island was founded by religious radicals.
Roger Williams established a settlement called Providence in 1636.
He was able to get the land with the local sachems.
Williams and his fellow settlers established religious and political freedom in the colony.
Anne Hutchinson and her followers settled near Providence after being exiled from Massachusetts.
Parliament granted a charter to the colony in 1644.
The settlers refused a governor and elected a president and council.
In 1652, these communities passed laws abolishing witchcraft trials, imprisonment for debt and chattel slavery.
Because of the colony's policy of toleration, it became a haven for religious groups.
The colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was granted a royal charter in 1663 by Charles II.
The area between Virginia and New England was neglected by the English until the middle of the 17th century.
The climate was more pleasant than New England.
The mid-Atlantic had three rivers that were very easy to navigate.
The New Sweden and New Netherland colonies were established by the Swedes and Dutch.
The settlements on the Hudson River were relatively small compared to other Dutch colonies.
The Dutch West India Com realized that in order to secure its fur trade in the area, it needed to establish a greater presence in New Netherland.
New Amsterdam was formed on Manhattan Island in 1625.
The population in New Netherland remained small despite the Dutch extending religious tolerance to those who settled there.
The colony was left vulnerable to English attack during the 1650s and 1660s, which resulted in the handover of New Netherland to England in 1664.
James, the Duke of York, brother to Charles II and funder of the expedition against the Dutch in 1664, founded the new colony of New York.
New York was briefly reconquered by the Netherlands in 1667, and class and ethnic conflicts in New York City contributed to the rebellion against English authorities during the Glorious Revolution of 1688- 1689.
The New York Anglicans noted that the Dutch colony was rather like a conquered foreign province.
Charles II and the Duke of York wanted to strengthen English control over the Atlantic seaboard.
The awarding of the new colonies of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas was a payoff of debts and political favors.
The area between the Hudson and Delaware rivers was granted to two English noblemen in 1664 by the Duke of York.
The lands were divided into two colonies, East Jersey and West Jersey.
William Penn was one of West Jersey's proprietors.
Both Charles II and the Duke of York would grant Penn's request for a larger colony.
Pennsylvania was located west of the Delaware River and New Sweden.
Penn wanted his colony to be a "colony of Heaven for the children of Light" and he was a member of the Society of Friends.
Pennsylvania was to be an example of godliness.
Penn wanted to create a colony of harmony instead of a colony of unity.
The people of Europe are made up of French, Dutch, Germans, Swedes, Danes, Finns, Scotch, and English.
The colony attracted a diverse collection of migrants because of the same rights that the Quakers in Pennsylvania had for themselves in England.
Slavery was a problem for some pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the pf the
Philadelphia signed a petition against slavery.
The Pennsylvania soil did not lend itself to slave-based agriculture, but other colonies depended on slavery from their very foundations.
The creation of the colony of Carolina was part of Charles II's plan to strengthen the English hold on the Eastern Seaboard and pay off political and cash debts.
The model of the colonization of Barbados was used by the lords of Carolina to settle the area.
Charles Town was founded in 1670 by three ships of settlers from Barbados.
England's growing confidence as a colonial power was demonstrated by this defiance of Spanish claims.
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