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CHAPTER 3 -- Part 2: Take a Diagnostic Exam
The federal courts created by Congress are called constitutional courts.
There are special courts that hear cases related to the powers given to Congress.
District courts are federal trial courts.
Appellate courts are constitutional courts.
The right to bear arms is provided by the Second Amendment.
The third amendment deals with quartering troops.
The First Amendment protects free speech and petitioning the government.
The issue of serving in a militia is not addressed in the amendment.
Membership in U.S. political parties is voluntary and represents voters from a variety of geographical regions, ethnic and racial groups, income and educational levels, religions, and ideologies.
George Washington was elected to the presidency without being a member of a political party.
A large portion of the public claims to be a member of a political party.
More and more U.S. voters classify themselves as independents, while members of political parties are more diverse.
Current office holders are incumbents.
The Virginia Plan provided for a strong central government.
The New Jersey Plan called for a weak national government.
A strong national government was created by the Connecticut Compromise.
There was no Philadelphia Plan and the Hamilton Plan favored a monarch.
An iron triangle is an alliance between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees to achieve a common goal.
A government corporation is created by Congress.
An issue network is a group of people in Washington who discuss and advocate public policies.
An independent executive agency has no cabinet status.
An E is a regulatory agency that is created to regulate or police.
A poll watcher is a person who watches the election process to make sure it is fair and honest.
Election judges help direct voters, help count votes, and ensure that enough ballots are on hand.
The exit poll results are determined by political pollsters.
Each secretary administers a department of the government, while the president's cabinet advises him.
The president has the power to issue executive orders, negotiate executive agreements, run the executive branch, and set his agenda before the Congress.
Pork barrel legislation is when a member of Congress acquires funds or projects for his or her home district.
Logrolling is an attempt by members of Congress to get the support of other members for their legislation.
Drawing congressional districts to favor one political party over another is called germandering.
Congressional campaigning is the act of running for Congress.
Lobbying is the attempt of interest groups to influence legislation.
Each state has the same number of electors as the sum of its representatives and senators in the electoral college.
Washington, D.C., will have the same number of electors as the smallest state.
The federal court system has 12 courts of appeals.
Congress needs to approve amendments by a two-thirds vote in both houses.
The proposed amendment needs to be approved by the state legislatures of three-fourths of the states or by the convention held in three-fourths of the states.
Congress can call a national convention when three-fourths of the state legislatures request it.
The amendment is proposed by this convention.
A national convention hasn't been called yet to propose an amendment.
The population of the state is what determines the representation of that state in the House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives is charged with choosing the president if the electoral college fails to choose a president.
The Senate has the power to approve appointments and treaties because they are used in conjunction with the president's power.
The Senate has the power to review presidential vetoes and propose constitutional amendments.
The Senate has the power to try impeachment cases.
The power of the House of Representatives is not checked by the Senate.
Common Cause or Mothers Against Drunk Driving are public interest groups that want to benefit the nation.
Civil rights, consumer protection, crime, and the environment are some of the issues that public interest groups are concerned with.
The president's powers are addressed in the second article of the constitution.
A member of the House of Representatives needs to be 25 years old.
The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren is considered to be the most liberal court of the 20th century because of its decisions that expanded the rights of criminal defendants.
The court was conservative.
The Marshall and Taney courts were in the 19th century.
The U.S. civil service system was created by the Pendleton Act.
If only the members of a political party were able to vote in a primary election, it would be called a closed primary.
In an open primary, voters can choose who they want to vote for.
In a blanket primary, voters can choose to vote for a Republican for one office or a Democrat for another.
The blanket primary is referred to as the wide-open primary.
"Indirect" isn't a term used to describe primaries.
A chief justice and eight associate justices are on the Supreme Court.
The chair of a congressional committee is awarded to the member of the majority party with the longest time on the committee.
The selection of the most qualified individual to be a committee chairperson is not required by the use of the seniority rule.
The president can only suggest legislation.
Legislation must be passed by Congress.
Special sessions of Congress can only be called by the president.
The presentation of a certificate is required in order to appeal a case to the Supreme Court.
A case is brought to a higher court from a lower court.
British officers could search a premise with the help of a writ of assistance.
A brief solicitation is a request for a written argument.
Roosevelt held the most press conferences because of his long tenure in office and the national emergencies of the time.
The size of the House of Representatives is determined by Congress.
The current size is 435 members.
Although each state's membership in the House is determined by population, changes in population distribution are resolved by reapportionment, thus maintaining the current size of the House.
The United States Congress is a legislative body.
Richard Neustadt is the author of the quotation.
The United States has a two-party system, with only two major parties having a realistic chance of winning elections.
Voters choose one person for each elected office in a singlemember district.
The justices of the Supreme Court use the rule of four to decide which cases to consider.
Four of the nine justices have to agree to hear the case.
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