The plague is a reward for the Muslims, with suits, brawls, disputes and pleas.
When peace was restored after the terrible plague inflicted by God, patience is his worship.
It is between kings and lords.
The fact was established by our Prophet, who said, " God bless him and give him remarkable."
The plague- afflicted are martyrs despite the abundance of all goods.
The tradition of everything being twice as dear, whether it were utensils or victuals, assures martyrdom.
The secret should be pleas, merchandise, hired helpers, peasants, and serfs only for the true believer.
God creates and recreates if someone says it causes infections.
If the liar disagrees with everything.
If towns and castles were willing to acknowledge the plague's destruction of the people, it was because they knew how to say it.
We ran away from the plague because of our devotion to the noble tradition.
We call you better than before.
Most European historians don't like this explanation, and it may not be enough.
They turn to another set of factors when they develop ments within Europe.
Secular directions in the italian renaissance started in Italy.
Medi eval forms have never been fully taken hold of here.
feudalism did not gain ground because cities were livelier and more independent.
The use of more realistic depictions of people in western Europe began in Italy.
In the Renaissance view, the 1400's did not reflect a divine expanding commerce, but a plan, as they rested on urban vitality and beings deserved attention for their own sake.
Artists and writers were more ambitious in their ambitions.
Italy was the center of literature and art in the early Renaissance because it had more contact with Roman tradition than the Middle Ages.
Although it had political and commercial roots in Italian cities, the Renaissance was the most important cultural movement of the 20th century.
The cathedral of Florence received a painting in 1465.
The engineering challenge presented by the plan for the massive dome was solved by Filippo Brunelleschi in the 15th century.
In the visual arts and music, innovation flourished.
Nature and people were the subject matter of art, whether the themes were religious or secular.
Giotto led the way out of medieval formalism and rigidity.
Giotto painted a fly on the nose of one of Cimabue's portrait subjects, and it was so realistic that Cimabue tried to swat it off before going back.
Other painters began to use new colors and materials in the 14th century.
Favor shifted from the Gothic to a classicism derived from the styles of Greece and Rome.
New palaces and public buildings were complemented by realistic statues.
The impact of the early Renaissance must not be overstated.
It didn't have much influence outside of Italy.
In Italy, it focused on high culture, not popular culture, and on the arts.
It wasn't a full break from medieval tendencies because it built on political and economic forms.
New cultural currents were an important innovation in Western history.
The consequences of the Renaissance feed into the next period of world and Western history.
The movement began by 1400.
One of the building blocks of European outreach was the wide range of Italian commerce and shipping.
The western Italian city of Genoa, which was less well placed than Venice for eastern Mediterranean trade, was ready for new roles by the 15th century.
New ventures were encouraged by the city-state governments to collect more tax money and promote commerce.
A Renaissance spirit could spur innovation.
Petrarch defined human ambition mainly in cultural terms, but other urban and commercial leaders, such as Genoa's Christopher Columbus, might apply some of the same confidence and desire for personal glory to different areas, such as exploration or conquest.
The Iberian peninsula was a key center for change by the 14th century, as Christian military leaders pushed back the boundaries of the Muslim state in Spain.
Spanish and Portuguese rulers had kingdoms of the iberian Peninsula before the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella.
They supported effective armies, including pressed reconquest of peninsula infantry and feudal cavalry.
They believed that the government had a mission to promote Chris from Muslims and ultimately unitetianity by expelling Arabs and Jews from Spain.