Final Exam Study Handout

0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

spaced repetition





Practice Test




I will update this when I get it checked on Monday. Link to Microscope Quiz: . Link to Plant Cell Quiz: . Link to Animal Cell Quiz:

179 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (179)
Amoebas and bacteria are grouped into different domains because __________
bacterial cells lack a membrane - enclosed nucleus
The most unique properties of water result from the fact that water molecules __________
are polar and form hydrogen bonds
Which of the following is not directly involved in cell support or movement?
A glucose molecule is to starch as ___________
A nucleotide is a nucleic acid
Which best describes the structure of a cell membrane?
Proteins between two bilayers of phospholipids
If an intestinal cell in a grasshopper contains 24 chromosomes, a grasshopper sperm contains ______
12 chromosomes
Which of the following phases of mitosis is essentially the opposite of prophase in terms of nuclear changes?
Which of the following is NOT a function of mitosis in humans?
Production of gametes from diploid cells
It is difficult to observe individual chromosomes during interphase because _________
They are in the form of long, thin strands called chromatin
Angiosperms are different from all other plants because only they have ______
While walking in the woods, you encounter an unfamiliar nonwoody flowering plant. If you want to know if it is a monocot or dicot, it would not help to look at the __________
size of the plant
Cellular respiration is the process by which _____
oxygen is used to transport chemical energy throughout the body
A person's unique DNA is carried within some of the cells and tissues of their body. These include all of the following except:
all (the intestines, blood, skin cells, and saliva) contain a person's DNA
You are feeling ill, so you visit a physician. The physician takes your temperature, blood pressure, and pulse and orders blood tests and urine analysis to determine more about your condition. The results of all these observations and tests will help the physician asses why your body is temporarily out of "normal" conditions or _________
The common term for the action of transferring pollen grains from an anther onto a stigma is _______
Which of the following is NOT an example of an angiosperm
Pine trees
The receptive surface for pollen is the _____
the stigma
All of the following floral parts are directly involved in pollination or fertilization except the _________
A structure such as a flower in plants, or a liver in animals, consisting of tissues organized to carry out a specific function is a(n)
Which of the following is NOT one of the kingdoms included within the Eukarya domain?
knowt flashcard image
This organism represented by the figure shown is
A bacteria
Organisms that make their own nutrients by capturing energy from nonliving resources (solar energy) are called
Thinking about life's organizational hierarchy in a biological system, which of the following is the correct sequence from the smallest unit to the largest unit?
Atom - Molecule - Organelle - Cell - Tissue
A major difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is that although prokaryotes ______
have cell walls, eukaryotes do not.
A researcher collected a single - celled organism from birdbath water and grew the organism in a laboratory. The researcher the organism reproducing by cell division, which resulted in identical offspring generations. The organism exhibits
Asexual reproduction
Homeostasis means that
conditions inside a cell or organism remain within a constant range
Scientists have developed an ointment to decrease muscle inflammation after intense workouts or trainings. To test the product, 99 weight lifters are divided into 3 equal groups. Group 1 is given the actual ointment. Group 2 is given an inactive ointment that looks and smells like the active ointment, and Group 3 is not allowed to use any treatment. Group 2 has been given ________
a placebo
What is the advantage of the sphinx moth Xanthopan morgani by having an 8 - inch - long tongue?
It can reach nectar that no other pollinator can reach
knowt flashcard image
The molecule of starch is different from a glucose molecule in this molecule
is complex carbohydrate polymer
The atomic number of an element is the number of ________
Protons in the nucleus
The first energy shell of an atom has one orbital. Therefore, it can contain a maximum of ________ electron(s)
In a covalent bond, atoms ________
Share protonsTh
The primary building block (monomer) of proteins is
an amino acid
The primary building block (monomer) of nucleic acid is
a nucleotide
The primary structural molecule composing a cell membrane is a(n)
phospholipid molecule
Some members of the Archaea domain are often referred to as extremophiles because many live in conditions of extreme _______
temperature, salinity, heat, and acidity
The molecule that contains the information for making a cell's proteins and must replicate itself during cell division __________
A part of a chromosome that attaches sister chromatids to each other is the _________
The process by which a sperm cell combines with an egg cell is ________
The portion of the cytoskeleton that attaches, pulls, and guides the chromosomes during cell division is the ________
spindle fiber
While in biology lab, you observe, in both plant and animal cells, that some single cells are splitting but are still connected by a contractile ring has started to divide them. You conclude these cells are undergoing _________
knowt flashcard image
In what phase of mitosis, is DNA replication accomplished
knowt flashcard image
Referring to the diagram, the correct sequence for the phases of mitosis is...
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase
knowt flashcard image
The phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane breaks into small pieces _____
knowt flashcard image
The phase of mitosis in which the nuclear envelope re-forms is _______
knowt flashcard image
The phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes are aligned along the equator of the cell is _____
A prokaryotic cell _______
does not have a nucleus
The most prominent organelle visible in most eukaryotic cells is the ______
In a chemical reaction, which components of a chemical reaction are found on the left side of the arrows?
A sugar, a phosphate, and a base is called a(n)
The four nitrogen bases found in RNA are _____
adenine, cytosine, guanine, and uracil
knowt flashcard image
The photo shown here shows two chromosomes from one cell. Which statement is true?
1 is identical to 2
Pollen Grain
Produces the pollen tube
Develops into a seed
Produces pollen
Carpel (Pistil)
Female reproductive structure
Houses ovule
Produces sperm and is the male reproductive system
Elevates stigma
Protects the flower before it opens
Attracts the pollinator
Organisms that live together and both benefit
A plants response to light
A plants response to gravity
Organisms live together; one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
When 2 organisms live together; one benefits and the other is harmed
When egg and sperm meet
The transfer of sperm from anther to sigma
Organisms that do not move
A disease caused by fungus
When a seed begins to grow
Atoms with the same atomic number but different atomic mass are called _____
The principal components of cell membranes are _________
A complex polymer built of amino acids is called a(n) __________
During cellular respiration
Oxygen is used to transport chemical energy throughout the body
Which of the following is not a fate for glucose
Stored as proteins
_________ (a sugar) gives trees the rigidity to grow tall (and makes wood a desirable building material
The ________ is the smallest unit of life that can function independently and perform all the necessary functions of life, including reproducing itself
Which of the following is NOT a eukaryotic cell?
_______ is the movement of large molecules from inside the cell to the outside of the cell
Every time a cell divides the _______ gets a bit shorter
______ occurs in all types of cells, somatic and reproductive prior to cell division
DNA Replication
Which of the following is the correct order of the Linnaean Classification system?
Species, Genus, Family, Order
The one thing that makes a mammal a mammal is ____
Which of the following does not produce a seed?
How do non - vascular plants distribute nutrients throughout the plant?
Which of the following have "naked" seeds?
Which is larger, the male cone or the female cone?
Which is larger, the male cone or the female cone?
Which of the following are types of lipids?
Fats, Phospholipids, and Fatty Acids
The point at which a leaf is attached to a stem is called the ________
auxiliary bud
_______ are the water conducting tubes in plants
Atoms are held together by a force called a chemical bond. The 3 types of chemical bonds are:
Ionic, Covalent, and Hydrogen
Nucleic acids are ________
the energy source for the body
If you put a drop of food coloring into a glass of water, the drop of color will _______
instantly disperse throughout the water; this is because of diffusion
In order for an enzyme to work properly, _________
it must have a particular shape
The energy that is used by almost all living things on the planet comes from the sun. It is captured by plants, algae, and some bacteria through the process of ______________
Prokaryotes reproduce by _______
Copying DNA, then undergoing binary fission
Homologous chromosomes _______
also are referred to as sister chromatids
Which of the following pairings is correct?
Interphase/DNA Replication
When cell division becomes unregulated, and a cluster of cells begins to grow without regard for normal controls, it is called _________
A saturated fat is saturated with _________
Fatty acids
Crossing over occurs during Prophase 1 and is when
sister chromatids exchange genetic material
Which of the following occurs during anaphase 2 but not anaphase 1?
Centromere divides
Mitosis results in _________, while meiosis results in _________
cells that are genetically identical to the parent, haploid cells
Enzymes are composed of what organic material?
Amino acid chains after being by the ribosomes move to the _________
endoplasmic reticulum
Which of the following is composed of a large subunit and a small subunit?
Where are the ribosomes usually located in animal and plant cells?
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
If an atom gain an electron, it forms a _____
negatively charged ion
Which of the following must happen first in order for DNA replication to occur?
DNA is unwound
Transcription results in __________
a complementary DNA strand
In RNA, _________ codons translates to __________ amino acid(s)
3, 3
Translation begins:
In the nucleus
The sugar in RNA is __________, the sugar in DNA is _________
Ribose, Deoxyribose
Amino acids are joined together into a polypeptide by which of the following?
Peptide bondsW
What is the job of the pollen tube?
Transports sperm to the ovary
Down's Syndrome occurs when an individual has __________
an extra chromosome 21
What is the function of root hairs?
Absorb water and minerals
A __________ is an explanatory hypothesis for natural phenomena that is well supported by data
Oxpeckers are the birds that feed on the bugs and parasites on the skin on zebras. This is example of __________
Mutualism and Symbiosis
Which of the following is the "good" chelesterol?
HDL or High Density Lipoprotein
A partial sequence of a molecule is "AACTGCTGGA"
A nucleic acid
If I use the letter Bb for a Punnett Square that would mean a ________
Hybrid and Heterozygous
Viruses _________
are considered non living
A scientific theory is one that:
is supported by many years of observation all supporting the hypothesis
You not a fuzzy growth on some of the gels in your incubator. What is the name given to this step of the scientific method?
________ developed the theory of evolution by natural selection
Charles Darwin
If your hypothesis is rejected, then:
Your experiment was a failure
The control in an experiment is to ______
provide a basis of comparison to the experimental group
Some members of the Archaea are often referred to as extremophiles because many live in condition of extreme _________
temperature, salinity, heat, and acidity
What is a membrane bound structure that has a specific function in a cell?
Through digestion, nucleic acids are broken down into _________
The period of interphase when a eukaryotic cell duplicates its DNA is called _______
the synthesis (S) phase
The chemical reactivity of an atom depends on _________
The number of electrons in the valence energy level
Enzymes are made of?
Amino acids
The Golgi apparatus (body) ________
strings together amino acids to produce proteins
When a cell is deprived of oxygen, its lysosomes tend to burst and release their contacts into the cell. As a result of this, this cell will _________
undergo cell division
How many division occur in mitosis?
What would be the mRNA pairing up with the following DNA strand AATGCC?
The phase where chromosomes line up along the center or the cell is called?
Metaphase, Metaphase 1, and Metaphase 2
The process of meiosis ensures that the next generation of individuals will have only the __________ number of chromosomes
The 3 domains of life are:
Eukarya, Bacteria, Archaea
Sodium has an atomic number of 11 and a mass number of 23. What are the correct number of subatomic particles for sodium?
11 electrons, 12 neutrons, and 11 protons
Manufacturing is one of the four life processes in eukaryotic cells that involve what organelles?
Ribsome, Rough ER, and Smooth ER
_________ are photosynthesizing organelles of plants
__________ are polymers composed of different combination of 20 amino acids
The ultimate source of energy flowing into nearly all ecosystems is ________
Which of the following statements regarding DNA is false?
DNA uses the nitrogenous base uracil
Which of the following particle(s) is/are found in the nucleus of a cell?
chromatin and a nucleolus
A(n) forms when 2 or more atoms share electrons
hydrogen bond
Unlike animal cells, plant cells have ____ and ____. Unlike plant cells animal cells have ________
chloroplasts... cell walls....centrioles
The function of the mitochondria is _______
cellular respiration
Cyanide inhibits mitochondrial function, as a result the rate of ______
ATP synthesis decreases
Which of the following are products of cellular respiration?
Energy to make ATP and carbon dioxide
The cell organelle that maintains the cell's shape, is anchorage for organelle, movement of organelles within the cell and for cell movement is/are ________
A _______ is one of several forms of an element, each with the same number of protons but different number of neutrons.
In a chemical reaction, the chemicals to the left of the arrow of ________
Monocot floral parts usually occur in multiples of ____
Thinking about life's organizational hierarchy in a biological system, which of the following is the correct sequence from smallest unit to largest unit?
Atom - Molecule - Organelle - Cell - Tissue
Which of the following is a characteristic of dicots?
A taproot system
In a chemical reaction, the chemicals to the left of the arrow are ____________
______, is most abundant organic compound on Earth, is a major component of the cell wall of plant cells
Organelles involved in energy conversion are the _________
mitochondria and chloroplast
Complementary DNA strands are held together by _____
hydrogen bonds
In the element neon, each atom contains 8 electrons in its valence shell. The atoms of neon will be _______
chemically stable
In an ionic bond, ______________
2 atoms become strongly electronegative and attract each other
The primary building blocks (monomers) of a protein is/are ________
an amino group
How many cotyledons does a monocot have?
What kind of veins does a monocot have?
How are the vascular bundle of a monocot?
How are the roots on a monocot?
How many floral parts in monocots?
3 or multiples of 3
How many cotyledons does a dicot have?
What kind of veins does a monocot have?
Net like
How are the vascular bundle of a monocot?
How are the roots on a monocot?
How many floral parts in monocots?
4 or 5 or multiples of 4 or 5
knowt flashcard image
Do you know the parts of the microscope?