CLAS 1020 Exam 1 Possible Questions
undefined | undefined
Report Flashcard set
😃 Not studied yet (310)
Star these 310
Who wrote "Theogony"?
When was "Theogony" written?
circa 750 BC
What is the earliest extant work of Greek literature?
True or false: "Theogony" was written as poetry.
When did Greece adopt the Phoenician Alphabet?
circa 750 BC
What was the Phoenician Alphabet used for in Ancient Greece?
What does "Theogony" mean?
Birth of the Gods
Why did Heriod write "Theogony"?
to organize the oral tradition regarding the pantheon
What does "pantheon" mean?
all + gods
What are the genealogies for?
they were used to organize the gods' family groups
What does "anthropomorphism" mean?
human + shape
What does "Theogony" say about the origin of humans?
True or false: all of the gods appeared at the same time.
Who was the first god?
Who was the mother of Uranus (Heaven), Cronus, Rhea, and 10 other Titans?
What does Uranus represent?
What two Titans were married?
Cronus and Rhea
Which of her sons did Gaia get with to birth Cronus, Rhea, and 10 other Titans?
Who was born of Uranus' penis when it was flung into the ocean?
Who were the parents of Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades?
Cronus and Rhea
Who were the parents of Persephone?
Demeter and Zeus
Who was the mother of Hephaestus?
Who were the parents of Ares?
Hera and Zeus
Who was the father of Athena?
Who were the parents of Apollo and Artemis?
Zeus and Leto
Who were the parents of Hermes?
Maia and Zeus
Who were the parents of Dionysus?
Zeus and Semele
What prologues "Theogony"?
"Hymn to the Muses"
Who were the parents of the Nine Muses?
Zeus and Memory
Who were Clio, Euterpe, Thaleia, Melpomene, Terpsichore, Erato, Polyhymnia, Urania, and Calliope?
The Nine Muses
"Mneumonic" and "amnesia" come from which goddess?
"Museum" and "music" come from who?
The Nine Muses
What is a calliope?
a musical instrument named after the Muse
What is the Latin spelling of "Kronos"?
Who were the Muses' companions?
The 3 Graces
Where did many of the gods live?
Where were the Muses born?
Who did Apollo lead?
What does "Musagetes" mean?
Who were the major gods?
what does "cosmos" mean?
order / beauty
What does "cosmetics" and "cosmopolitan" come from?
What does "chaos" mean?
What does "gas" come from?
How is Gaia described in "Theogony"?
"Geography" and "geology" come from which goddess?
What created Gaia, Erebus (Darkness), Night, Tartarus, and Eros?
Who were the parents of Aether (Bright Air) and Day?
Erebus and Night
Who created the mountains and the sea?
"Aether," "ether," and "ethereal" come from what god?
What is the Latin name for Eros?
What god personifies attraction between male and female?
"Erotic" comes from what god?
What does "uranology" mean?
The planet "Uranus" and the element "Uranium" were named after who?
Who were the parents of the Titans, Cyclopes, and Hundred-Handers?
Gaia and Uranus (incest)
Who were Thunder, Lightning, and Flash?
Who were Cottus, Briareus, and Gyges?
What does "titanic" and "titanium" come from?
What does "cyclops" mean?
True or false: Uranus detested his children.
Which Titan led a rebellion against Uranus?
What fake metal was Cronus' sickle made of?
What does "adamant" and "adamantine" come from?
Who castrated Uranus?
What gave life to the Furies, Giants, Nymphs, and Aphrodite?
Uranus' severed penis blood
Where does "nymphet" and "nymphomania" come from?
"Aphrodisiac" comes from which goddess?
What does "Cyprogenes" mean?
True or false: Night gave birth to personifications of positive forces.
Who gave life to Nereus, Thaumus, Phoroys, and Eurbyia?
Who were the parents of the Neriads?
Nereus and Doris
Who were the parents of Iris and the Harpies?
Thaumus and Electra
Who were the parents of the Graie (Gray Women), Gorgons, Echidna, and the Serpent of Hesperides?
Phoroys and Ceto (incest)
Who were the parents of Pegasus and Chrysaor?
Medusa and Poseidon
Who were the parents of Orthus, Cerebus, and Hydra?
Echidna and Typhon
Who were the parents of Geryon?
Callirrhoe and Chrysaor
Who was the father of Chimaera?
Who are the parents of Sphinx and Newmean Lion?
Orthus and Chimaera
Who was the goddess of the rainbow?
"Iridescence" comes from what goddess?
Who were the "snatchers"?
True or false: Medusa was a gorgon.
What were the offspring of Echidna called?
What were the offspring of Tethys and Oceanus called?
What were the offspring of Thea and Hyperion called?
Chthonic beings were associated with what animal?
"Smoke" comes from which god?
How many heads does Cerberus have?
How many heads does Hydra have?
What are the Latin and English names for Helios?
Sol and Sun
What are the Latin and English names for Selene?
Luna and Moon
What are the Latin and English names for Eos?
Aurora and Dawn
"Heliocentric" and "Helium" come from what god?
"Selenium," "Lunar," and "Lunatic" come from what goddess?
"East" comes from what goddess?
Who is the mother of the 12 Winds?
What does "Auster" mean?
The South Wind
What are other names for Apollo and Artemis?
Phoebus and Phoebe
Who is the patron goddess of witchcraft and sorcery?
What three goddesses make up the trinitarian goddess?
Hecate, Artemis, and Selene
Who is the "Earth Shaker"?
Which Titan married his sister and ate his children?
What did Rhea give Cronus so that he wouldn't swallow Zeus?
a stone wrapped in baby clothes
True or false: Cronus was not tricked by the stone and became angry at Rhea.
Where was Zeus raised?
Who was Amaltheia?
Fairy goat that nursed Zeus as a baby
What zodiac sign does Amaltheia represent?
What was the name of the stone that Cronus swallowed and was believed to be the center of the world?
Omphalos (Navel Stone)
Where is Omphalos?
True or false: Zeus frees his uncles when he revolts against Cronus?
Who made Zeus' lightning bolt?
Which god is represented by the lightning bolt?
Who sculpted man?
What is the first man made out of?
earth and water
Who frees Prometheus from his chains?
Who tricked Zeus twice and caused him to punish man with woman?
Who stole fire from Zeus?
Who is the "Firebringer"?
What animal came to eat Prometheus' liver every day as means of torture?
The Eagle of Zeus
What was the punishment of man for accepting the gift of fire?
Who was the Ambidexter?
Who created woman?
Hephaestus and Athena
What burden was introduced to man along with woman?
What was the war between the Titans and Zeus called?
What is Tartarus?
the deep abyss that is used as a dungeon of torment and suffering for the gods
Where is the entrance to Tartarus?
the west near Atlas
Where does Hades live?
Who is Hades' dog?
What is the name of the river that separates the underworld from the living world?
What does "stygian" come from?
The River Styx
What does "stygian" mean?
Who is the youngest son of Earth?
"Typhoon" comes from what creature?
Who is the king of the universe and god of law, order, and justice?
Who were the parents of Athena?
Metis and Zeus
Who did Zeus eat and then give birth to?
Who is the goddess of cunning?
Who was the mother of Horai, Law, Justice, Peace, and the 3 fates?
Who were Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos?
The 3 Fates
What is another name for the three fates?
Moirai (or Parcae)
Which Fate spins the thread of life?
"Cloth" and "clothes" come from which Fate?
Which Fate measures the thread?
Which Fate cuts the thread?
Who are Beauty, Love, and Festivity?
The 3 Graces
Who was the parents of the 3 Graces?
Eurynome and Zeus
Who did Hades abduct?
Who is the part time queen of the underworld?
Who mourns Persephone when she is in the underworld?
Who made Hades give up Persephone?
Who was the goddess of youth?
Who was the god of war?
Who was the goddess of childbirth?
How was Athena born?
from the head of Zeus
What does "tritogenia" mean?
goddess born from the head
What is parthenogenesis?
Who does Poseidon marry?
Who are the parents of Triton?
Poseidon and Amphitrite
Who are the parents of Terror, Fear, and Harmonia?
Aphrodite and Ares
Who was the herald of the gods?
True or false: Semele was the goddess of wine.
Who were the parents of Hercules?
Zeus and Alcmena
True or false: Alcmene was a mortal.
What does "Theogony" end with?
Farewell to the Muses
What are heroes?
Who are often omitted from the Pantheon to make it a dozen?
Hades and Hestia
"Olympian" comes from what mountain?
What is the Roman name for Cronus?
"Saturday" is named for what Titan?
What does "saturnine" mean?
What is a "saturnalia"?
a Greek spring festival
What Titan has a moon and bird named after her?
What is the Latin name for Zeus?
Jupiter (or Jove)
Which god enforced fate?
True or false: Zeus knows everything and he can do anything.
What is Zeus' bird?
What is Zeus' tree?
What does "jovial" mean?
True or false: all Grecian people were invited to the Panhellenic Games.
Where is the chief cult site of Zeus?
True or false: Olympia was a city.
False (religious sanctuary)