AP Lit Terms - Unit 1
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a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form
an idea or feeling that a word invokes
the literal meaning of a word
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
a sad or mournful poem
an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
A comedy that contains an extravagant and nonsensical disregard of seriousness, although it may have a serious, scornful purpose.
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
language that appeals to the senses
A contrast between expectation and reality
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
A comparison using "like" or "as"
a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated. (E.g. "suits" for "business executives."
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
First Person POV
the narrator is a character in the story
Second Person POV
The narrator tells the story using the pronouns "You", "Your," and "Yours" to address a reader or listener directly
Third Person POV
The narrator tells the story using the pronouns, "He," "She," and "It" when referring to a person, place, thing, or idea.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
The use of words or sounds which resemble the sounds they describe. (ex boom, psst)
A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer.
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
14 line poem
ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
8 line octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character